It is rare that the owner of a summer house did not think about the construction of a change house. It can become a full-fledged guest house, gazebo, hozblok or even a summer shower. In this article we will consider what country cabins are, and also note the nuances of their arrangement.
The layout of a summer house with a toilet and a shower is different. It depends on the following factors:
- box size;
- material of manufacture;
- number of levels;
- location of windows and doorways;
- the presence of a vestibule;
- the purpose of the house.
Larger options may have 2 or even 3 rooms. Two-room varieties can have 2 entrances to the room (from the front and from the side). Other boxes have 2 side rooms and one central, which is often used as a vestibule or corridor. In addition, the central unit can be divided into 3 parts: separate toilet and shower, as well as a small terrace.
The layout of the 4 compartments can be linear. In this case, the long trailer is divided into identical or different blocks. For example, they can be equipped with a bathhouse, a shower room, a dressing room and a veranda. In three blocks you can arrange a bedroom, a combined bathroom (shower, toilet, washbasin), a compact kitchen. Sometimes in the cabins you can arrange a place under the roof. The bathroom in different cases can be separate or combined.
You can use the change house as a summer house, a bathroom, a gazebo of a closed type. Usually, for a summer residence, they try to choose a medium-sized cabins that meet the needs of all households. Modifications can have a different type of layout.
For example, it can be an empty box without partitions, which is called a dummy. This option is suitable when a house is bought under a summer bathroom. In contrast, the vest has 2 partitions. This is a house with insulated blocks, in one of which you can equip a bathroom.
You can equip such a module for a workshop, guest house, summer kitchen.
The number of doors in cabins varies from 1 to 3, sometimes there are 4. Doors can be located in different ways. For example, one common in the center and two separate for each isolated room. When there are 4 of them, two open access to the toilet and shower, the other two lead to isolated blocks.
The layout is also more complicated when the cabins are attached to each other or connected by a central platform. In addition, country houses can be angular and two-level.
Modifications of the angular type can have separate blocks with entrance doors. Other varieties are connected by a central door and a corner block-terrace. Options in 2 floors can even look like country houses, while the modules are connected by convenient stairs. In other embodiments, the stairs are located inside the house.
Home-made modifications can have a platform along the perimeter of the change house, covered with a gable roof. Many buildings are complemented by a porch, while others have a terrace and a platform for outdoor recreation. The entrance to them can be located from the front, from the side.
Modular designs are very convenient in transportation; externally they sometimes resemble trailers. They are chosen when it is necessary to install a small change house with a bathroom at the cottage, as well as in the case when you need to create an angular or two-level house.
The parameters of the change house with toilet and shower are different. They depend on the form, purpose of the module and customer preferences. Designs are stationary and mobile. Variants of the first type often resemble country houses. There are fewer mobile houses; they are brought to the installation site by special transport.
The sizes of change houses can be compact and average. The minimum parameters of structures are 3x2.3, 4x2.3 m. Usually these are budget options, which, if desired, can be converted into a bathroom and a utility room, a bathroom and a summer kitchen, a toilet with a shower and a utility unit.
Analogues of medium size have dimensions 5x2.3, 6x2.3 m. Today, these are the most popular sizes of change houses. Such structures are bought for workshops, gazebos of closed type (summer and winter). They are equipped with baths with lounges. There is enough space for a toilet and shower. If the product has a convenient layout, the footage is enough to create a vestibule, a compact veranda.
Spacious modifications are 7, 8, 9 and 12 m long with a standard width of 2.5 to 3.5 m. These are options in which you can create a comfortable and cozy atmosphere. The standard height of the walls is 2.5 m. Change houses, created independently, can have other dimensions. They are wide and even square. Other modules in parameters resemble small country houses with a stove and a full bathroom.
What materials are made of?
Change houses for a summer residence are made of metal and wood. Despite the strength and durability of the metal, such a module is not environmentally friendly. In addition, it is cold in winter and hot in summer. These designs are used as a hozblok or temporary shelter.
The advantage of metal varieties is fire safety, the minus is more weight, so these buildings can not be installed on cinder blocks. They need a more reliable foundation that can withstand not only the mass of metal, but also all furniture, upholstery, plumbing. Modules-containers are made of metal, which sometimes “grow up” to full-fledged country houses, installing 2 blocks side by side or one on top of the other.
The insulation of the modules is usually mineral wool.
A lot depends on the type of structure. Change houses are panel, frame, log, home-made. Also on sale are containers. They make products from chipboards, wooden beams, stationary varieties often have a metal frame. It is a reliable and solid foundation of the house, does not shrink and does not deform during operation. Such a structure can be used up to 15-20 years.
In our country, country cabins are often made of wood. In such buildings it is not cold in winter and not hot in summer. In wooden structures, the required humidity level is maintained naturally. Wooden cabins for giving weigh less than metal analogs. They can be installed on building blocks, as well as tires from truck wheels.
The disadvantage of wooden structures is their need for constant care. These houses have to be tinted annually, because without a protective decorative coating, wood loses its strength characteristics. Surfaces must be painted, varnished, treated with special oily and refractory compounds (flame retardants).
In the manufacture of summer cottages of residential type, glass is used. In the modifications of the classical type, the windows are small. Homemade or designer options may have panoramic windows. Separate blocks of such buildings resemble French balconies with 3 glass wall-windows.
Depending on the type of change house and the financial capabilities of the buyer, the sheathing materials for wall, floor and ceiling ceilings can be different.
Exterior decoration of the change house may be different. Usually it is a durable sheet material. A simple option is galvanized corrugated board, but its aesthetic characteristics leave much to be desired. If a house is bought or built for living, it is finished with a class C wood paneling that is easy to process.
Sometimes country cabins are sheathed with a block house (a material that imitates a rounded log). It is strong, durable, characterized by high aesthetic characteristics. You can sheathe the house with a material that imitates glued beams.
This is the lining of the highest class and quality, it is durable and aesthetically attractive.
Residential house with all amenities provide a beautiful and practical interior decoration. The hozblok can be faced with hardboard : it is inexpensive and suitable in cases where the budget is limited. Facing the change house from the inside with a board or clapboard is more expensive. These design options are considered practical and aesthetically pleasing. Someone prefers to use plastic panels for the decoration of internal wall ceilings .
If you want to paste on the walls of a summer house of a residential type with wallpaper, you need to wall the wall ceilings with sheet material . However, it is extremely undesirable to use fiberboard: from moisture it literally leads in waves. At the same time, it does not take its original form upon drying. You can veneer the walls with moisture-proof plywood, sealing up the defects of the base with putty.
Depending on the preferences of the owners of the house, you can buy moisture-proof drywall or gypsum plasterboard for wall decoration . The floor is wooden, the area near the main box is stone, sometimes it is laid out with porcelain stoneware. For the ceiling, a lining is used, sometimes drywall. When selecting a sheathing material, they try to choose a moisture resistant option.
So that the inner lining does not evoke boredom, it is painted or selected so that it is contrasting. The same color creates a certain visual imbalance. If it is woody tones, the room begins to seem like a wooden box, which becomes intolerable in it.
How to equip?
In order for the cabin to be functional and comfortable, they thoroughly approach the choice of each element of the arrangement. For example, furniture is compact. By the size of a particular building, you can order a podium bed with spacious internal drawers. In them it will be possible to clean bedding.
For the kitchen choose compact furniture of a modular type. These are hinged drawers and floor cabinets, not united by a single countertop. Upon request, you can order furniture in the same style and color with a dining group. Depending on the type of house, it can be supplemented with a stove or stove.
So that the kitchen does not merge in color with the walls and ceiling, you need to choose the option of a contrasting shade.
The bathroom is equipped with sanitary ware with approximately the same shape, color and fittings. So it will look harmonious, and the interior will gain integrity. The toilet can be suspended, floor or attached.
The shower can be open or closed (cabin). A variant of the first type is located in a separate compartment, the second is part of a combined bathroom. The shower cabin can be ordinary or linear. Often its location is sheathed with material of contrasting color.
If one of the rooms is reserved for the living room, they put a compact sofa in it. If there is enough space in the compartment, they take a model with a transformation that makes it possible to make a comfortable bed out of the sofa. If there is not enough space, order a compact bench or a kitchen bench with internal drawers. For a more comfortable seating arrangement, you can purchase a mattress or a pair of pillows.
In a spacious winter hut you can take modular upholstered furniture. If the layout is open, you can convert the cottage into a living room-kitchen with a bathroom. Furniture should be selected taking into account the specific interior style. Otherwise, the situation will seem uncomfortable. To introduce an unobtrusive organization into space, resort to zoning.
It is important to ensure full illumination of each compartment. To do this, use light sources of a safe type. In addition to the central one, they often resort to auxiliary wall or floor lighting.
We offer 10 examples of summer cottages with a toilet and shower, which can become a decoration of a summer cottage or replace a small house.
A country house of two cabins, complemented by a frame structure and an open area.
Version with a pitched roof for the workshop, sheathed with contrasting material.
The original camper on wheels, complemented by a porch and windows on the second level.
Change house with porch and terrace as an alternative to a country house.
The project of a change house of unusual design with an open area for outdoor recreation.
Change house of angular type with two entrances and street lighting.
The warmed option for year-round use.
Frame cabin with a pitched roof, sheathed in wood.
An example of an internal arrangement of a change house with an open plan.
A full-fledged two-level residential building with insulated walls.
In the next video you will find an overview of the country house with all the amenities.