Various mixes for leveling surfaces make up a significant part of the building materials market. For several years now, the Prospectors putty from the Russian manufacturer has been called among the best products of this category for its high technical characteristics with affordability and ease of use.
Putty "Prospectors" - a domestic product with European quality. The recipe for the preparation of leveling mixtures is based on time-tested standards in combination with the latest modern developments.
Modern putties of this manufacturer have the following specifications:
- operating temperature - from +5 to + 30 ° С;
- consumption (with a layer thickness of 1 mm) - 1.1 kg / m2;
- mixing ratio - 0.3-0.36 l / kg;
- the viability of the diluted mixture is from 1.5 to 24 hours (depending on the type of solution);
- adhesion - not less than 0.25 MPa;
- frost resistance - 30-35 cycles.
Indicators may vary slightly depending on the type of mixture, but always meet the highest requirements and standards.
The composition of putty from the "Prospectors" (also depending on the variety) includes:
- ordinary or most often white cement;
- natural fillers;
- polymer and modifying additives;
- reinforcing fibers;
Due to its composition, putties of this manufacturer are different:
- Ductility. They are easily applied with a uniform and thin layer on the surface of the base. In this case, the solutions "do not slip" and do not form roughnesses.
- Good adhesion to unprimed surfaces.
- Water resistant. This is possible due to the fact that when dried putty does not form pores.
- Environmental friendliness. The material is completely safe and does not emit toxins even when heated and burned.
- Universality. It can be used both for interior decoration and for leveling facade walls. She perfectly lays on the basis of stone, wood, brick and other materials.
- Resistance to external negative factors, including natural phenomena and ultraviolet.
- The ability to dry quickly. At t about 20 ° С putty dries no longer than a day.
Moreover, even a thick layer of material does not crack after drying and does not shrink. Due to this feature, it can be used to align significant flaws and drops on the walls.
In addition, such putty is easy to grind, after which a perfectly smooth surface is obtained.
The composition is implemented in durable craft bags of 20 kg, 5 kg packages or in plastic buckets of 7 and 15 kg. In buckets, the putty is ready-made, in bags it is in the form of a dry powder, which must be diluted with water according to the instructions. The shelf life of the mixture is 12 months from the date of manufacture.
Types of putty and their composition
Currently, the market offers a wide variety of Putteli putty mixtures, which are divided by specialists into several categories:
In each category there are several options for mixtures, which allows you to choose the most suitable option for each individual case.
To date, the assortment of "Prospectors" includes:
The finished composition is white, based on polymer binders and fillers of fine grinding (fraction up to 60 microns). As additives, reinforcing fibers, modifying additives and antiseptic substances are used.
Such putty can be used in interior rooms with normal humidity. It is applied to walls and shelves, coated with gypsum plaster, drywall or fiberglass.
It forms a flat surface on which a paint coating or wallpaper can be applied.
“The mixture is front and finish”
Cement putty, supplemented with natural filler and all kinds of modifying additives.
Suitable for outdoor and indoor use in rooms with different humidity with concrete and reinforced concrete surfaces. Evenly applied on plastered walls and ceilings.
It can be used for painting, decorative plaster, various types of wallpaper.
Consists of white cement in combination with modifying additives. It has a light beige color.
White facade putty is designed for indoor and outdoor use and can smooth the surfaces of various concrete substrates (aerated concrete, foam concrete and others), used on masonry and cement plaster.
It has high frost resistance - up to 50 cycles and is applied with a layer of up to 10 mm.
As a variety of this type of mixture in the assortment of the company gray facade putty is presented. The latter differs exclusively in color - in all other respects these types of building materials are identical.
Base white and base gray
For a variant of the mixture, which includes cement and all kinds of chemical additives that give the putty improved characteristics.
It is used for finishing facades and interior spaces with any degree of humidity. Equally easily and accurately lays on plaster, brick, concrete, reinforced concrete and cellular concrete blocks. Suitable for leveling vertical and horizontal surfaces for almost any finish.
“Finishing - quick-hardening leveling mixture”
Consisting of gypsum and modified additives. It is used in interior rooms with ceilings and walls made of concrete, concrete reinforced concrete, drywall, as well as on gypsum and cement plasters.
Not suitable for rooms with high humidity.
Finely dispersed natural filler in combination with modern polymer additives allows the use of putty for interior walls and ceilings in rooms with normal humidity. It is best placed on gypsum plasterboard and gypsum plaster, however it can be used on concrete and reinforced concrete substrates.
As a finish on this coating, you can apply texture and subtle wallpaper or paint.
“Finish Plus moisture resistant”
A polymer-cement version of the leveling mixture, which forms an even coating with a thickness of 0.3 to 3 mm. It is used both outdoors and in rooms of any degree of humidity. Provides high quality alignment of concrete and drywall walls, as well as gypsum plasterboard surfaces.
It is used for the preparation of concrete, brick or plastered walls and ceilings for painting and pasting. With its help, you can easily close joints between gypsum plasterboard, scratches and cracks on drywall, fill the seams of precast concrete structures and elements.
In a number of putties from the company "Starateli" there is a finished composition based on PVA in packages of 15 kg. Such a composition is suitable for any surfaces prepared for gluing or painting. It can only be used in indoor dry rooms.
Cooking and application technique
Before you putty the base, it must be thoroughly dried and prepared. You should not even try to put putty on old paint or wallpaper - such a repair will not last long. In order for everything to be done efficiently and without unnecessary losses (both time and finances), it is necessary to tear off all the old finishes. After that, the base is cleaned of dirt, dust and degreased. Walls and ceilings made of highly absorbent materials must be primed further.
No matter how high-quality leveling mixtures are, the final quality of work depends on the correctness of their preparation and application. The main rule here is to observe the clear proportions indicated by the manufacturer and the kneading technique.
Professionals recommend diluting the compositions in cylindrical plastic containers with a smooth inner surface (buckets are well suited for this). It will be easy to wash such a container before breeding the next batch of putty in it.
Small amounts of leveling solution can be mixed manually. However, using a mixer will be much more efficient. Especially when it comes to large volumes, which are unlikely to be prevented without special equipment.
When kneading, the dry mixture is poured into water, but not vice versa!
The amount of solution should be calculated based on the amount of work that the repairman will have time to complete in an hour and a half.
Important! Putty should be mixed twice. The first time it is mixed, when the dry mixture is poured into water. It is necessary to mix everything so that all dry lumps get wet well. After this, the composition is left for 3-5 minutes, and then mixed again.
Another important point is the application technique. This is especially true for beginners who do not have experience with putty mixtures.
Everything will be much simpler if you adhere to certain rules:
- In the work it is necessary to use two spatulas, one - for the collection of the mixture, the other - for the main work on the distribution of putty. To capture the composition from the tank, a narrow tool with a width of 80-100 mm is used. As for the wide spatula, its size should correspond to the area of the putty surface.
- In order for the mixture to lie as evenly as possible, it is necessary to choose the right combination of putty density, tilt angle of the working tool and pressing force.
- Most putty mixtures are applied in two layers. In this case, the second is put only after the first has dried. At normal humidity, the drying process takes up to 24 hours. Before re-applying the putty, the surface should be re-primed.
After all work is completed, you need to polish the walls (ceiling) and you can proceed to the finish.
The high quality of putty mixes from the company “Starateli” is indicated by numerous positive reviews of professional construction masters and those who, without building skills, made repairs on their own.
Buyers note the optimal combination of price and quality. This is very important, given that in addition to putty for repair, it is necessary to purchase a large number of various building materials. In addition, professionals note that when diluting powders with water, they do not form dry lumps, cement particles are not felt in them and do not interfere with the creation of even coatings.
Those who take repairs for the first time give preference to ready putties and note their easy application, which makes it possible to significantly reduce the time for repair work.
In this video, you will find a master class on the cultivation of putty "Prospectors".