The demand for accordion-type doors is understandable: they take up very little space and can be used even in a small room. And in order to reveal all their functionality and aesthetic potential, it is not necessary to invite professional installers. Such doors can be installed with your own hands.
Installation of such doors is quite simple. The canvas and other elements are attached without unnecessary difficulties, if you know how to handle the tool at least a little. The use of such structures is justified not only because they save space. It is equally important that:
- There are no restrictions on wall decoration, because you can even use materials that an ordinary door will scratch or break with its handle;
- The doors will open much quieter and without creaking;
- Even children are completely safe - they will not pinch their fingers;
- Skew, sagging and other problems typical of a hinged door, seasonal swelling from moisture are eliminated.
The installation of accordion doors varies slightly depending on the material from which they are made. Plastic constructions allow for more “liberties” during installation, errors are easily corrected and a partner is not even required during installation. Wooden doors are more stable and stronger, but it will be necessary to carefully check the levels and their markings. It will be more difficult to fix them, because such door systems are heavier than PVC.
In the kit from the manufacturer should go all the details necessary for the job, but materials for expanding the door are not always delivered. Fastening almost always involves equipping the opening with platbands and other elements, and they will have to be purchased additionally.
As for the tools, for work you will need:
- Hammer (just both tools, because they are needed for different tasks);
- Construction level;
- Plumb line;
- Building corner;
- Saw on wood;
- Miter box;
- Polyurethane foam.
Work with aperture
It’s easiest to install an “accordion” with your own hands, if you don’t touch the opening at all, but limit yourself to the existing width. But this is not always possible. Sometimes you will not have another way to increase the usable area. Then remove the old door frame and knock down the plaster to the concrete base (or expose another base of the wall). Before mounting the box, you will have to measure both the opening and the door itself to understand whether it is necessary to reduce the width of the hole or increase it.
When the expansion (narrowing) of the opening is completed, a box is made from a pre-prepared set of add-ons, it is inserted into the opening and thoroughly fixed. In the upper part, screws and a pair of anchors are used, and the sidewalls are fixed with three anchors on both sides. If there are even the smallest gaps between the extensions and the wall, they must be covered with foam.
The next step, which any step-by-step instruction talks about, is fixing the guides. We measure the required values, it is best several times for greater accuracy, then we cut the material with a miter box. Next, we prepare holes for 3 mm caliber self-tapping screws (they will be screwed into the upper guide through 60-70 millimeters, and 200 mm from the side ones). If you prefer clips, then at the top the distance remains unchanged, and on the sides there are enough five joints evenly distributed along the length.
The installation scheme of the canvas itself implies accurate, meticulous cutting of the strips from which the door is made. At the same time, they take into account how the rollers and centimeter clearance will be placed under the door block. At this stage, the slightest deviations from the instructions developed by the manufacturer are strictly unacceptable, even the most experienced installers do not have the right to them. The plastic sheet is most often assembled using grooves or additional gaskets, and wooden and MDF structures - along long axes. Then the rollers are installed (approach this business very carefully and carefully!), And after them comes the turn of the accessories.
It is not recommended to use accessories that are not included in the delivery. The assembled door is inserted into the guides and folded for placement in the central part. It is important to correctly snap the guides on the clips or twist the screws into them at a certain distance from each other.
It remains to work with the side profiles and attach the deaf parts of the doors to the profile. After making sure that the canvas "walks" normally, you can put the platbands by cutting off the necessary sections and fixing them along the entire length of the opening.
Important: the platbands of the sliding doors must be cut off at an angle of 45 degrees, and they must be fixed with liquid or special furniture nails.
Where to mount?
It’s no harder to assemble an interior “book” than to install it at the entrance to a dwelling; moreover, this opens up wide scope for experiments. Any home master will gladly seize the opportunity to test his professionalism and gain additional experience.
Sliding structures are ideal in:
- Living rooms;
- The kitchens.
For private houses and city apartments, single-winged accordions are most often used, but in offices and public buildings, variants with a pair of wings are used. If desired, it is not difficult at the right time to make the door wider or narrow it by changing the number of panels.
At the entrance to the kitchen and bathroom, it is advisable to use glass or plastic doors (unlike wooden, they do not deform under the influence of steam and water). For all other rooms there are no restrictions on the material.
Note that increasingly such doors replace the curtains of showers.
We recommend that before starting work, make sure that all the necessary components in the kit are:
- Sash panel;
- Top guide;
- A pair of carriage runners;
- Connecting loops;
- The key to adjust.
If the opening is of standard width, that is, does not exceed a meter, there is no need for a lower guide. In cases where the doorway is already a guide, you will have to cut off the required part from it with a metal saw. For shutters that open from right to left, the latch is placed on the right; if they open from left to right, it is mounted on the left side. The latch axis itself must enter the latch, and the slider should be placed on the rail. Mark the location of the metal axes and drill holes under them (so that the depth is inferior to the length of the axis, which should protrude the distance specified in the instructions). The lower axis rests on the receiving plate.
Important: do not confuse the left and right panels in any case!
The hinges are neatly placed on the wings, marking the required distance with a pencil or marker. Be sure to put three loops in the interval of the nearest wings. For all of them, the horizontal position of the loops should be the same. At the slightest displacement, distortions will occur, and the panels will crack. So that you can install the handle, a groove is drilled in the outer panel (preferably next to the loop connection).
A blank of the connected leaves is hung on the fasteners, fold them, lifting and leading the axis into the thrust plates. Further, the axis of the carriage with the help of an adjusting key is connected to a plate placed parallel to the extreme wing. The clamps and stoppers are always metal, they are made of aluminum or steel. Guides try to place only on top for the simple reason that this eliminates the need to make a threshold. Remember: when cutting the guides, the part in which the holes are located should be removed.
A plastic or wooden accordion door sometimes has to be installed in openings wider than one meter. In this case, the number of upper runners must be increased and the lower guide rail mounted. The door and the retaining elements are fixed in it in the same way as in the upper one. If leather, fabric are used in the main structure, moderately rigid fabric inserts are used instead of loops to join fragments.
The accordion door is a perfectly reasonable and technically perfect solution. The installation of such doors is available even for a layman who is even able to handle a plumb and a drill at least in the least degree. It is only necessary to strictly observe key requirements, and success will be guaranteed to you!
How to mount the accordion door, see the next video.