Often, when performing repair work or repairing various malfunctions, they use super-glue. It’s worth distracting, and your hands or clothes are already dirty. Especially unpleasant when gluing surfaces that did not need it at all. How can this be prevented and how to get rid of traces of glue on different surfaces?
Features of the composition
When did humanity start using glue? According to archaeologists, it has been used for about 9.5 thousand years BC. Glued from natural materials. In the modern world, artificial additives began to be used to create it. Since 1901, the chemist Leo Bakeland worked on the creation of the adhesive, and already in 1909 it went on sale.
Silicate glue began to be produced in early 1940. This stationery glue is used very often. 100 million of its packages are produced annually, their shape is constantly changing. For a liquid substance, bottles with caps are used. Filling in small forms such as a pencil has become very convenient: it does not dry out, it is convenient to use, and has high adhesive characteristics.
Today it is worthwhile to talk in more detail about what second glue is. The name "super-glue" implies that he is capable of much. There is a small compact tube in any house, with its help you can make minor repairs, for example, glue a part in a children's toy, glue a cup or repair shoes.
The glue contains up to 99% of cyanoacrylates, stabilizers and plasticizers, activators and moderators are also added. Manufacturers use different combinations in the composition.
Where did the name come from and who invented the super-tool for gluing different surfaces? The substance was first developed by Harry Coover. The first composition was too sticky and was rejected. Already in 1951, American scientists found that with the help of cyanoaclylate, any surface can be very firmly bonded. In 1958, the super-substance went on sale. Super Glue immediately gained great popularity and made a splash.
This glue can withstand a load of 150 kg / sq. cm, more advanced products - 250 kg / sq. see. Super-glue withstands temperatures up to 80 degrees, more modified models - up to 125 degrees. He grasps very quickly: from a few seconds to a minute. But for the final setting should wait up to 24 hours.
In the Soviet Union, it was called "Tsiakrin", but it was almost impossible to find it in stores. Currently, the situation has changed: adhesives are present in large quantities on the shelves. They release super-glue under such names as “Second”, “Monolith”, “Elephant”, “Super-Moment”, “Strength” and so on.
More recently, UV glue went on sale. With it, you can fix any damage in just 5 seconds. Release it under the brand name Lazer Bond. Liquid plastic is applied to any surface, and the place of bonding is treated with an ultraviolet ray.
How to dissolve?
Sometimes situations arise when super-glue comes out and smudges the surface. How to be in this situation? Knowing how to dissolve it, you can quickly remove the pollution, without giving things dry cleaning.
Dissolve super-glue with nail polish remover. A cotton swab is moistened in the solution, applied to a contaminated place and wait until the adhesive is completely dissolved.
You can use white spirit or gasoline. If there is "Dimexide" in the first-aid kit, then glue is also removed from the surface with its help. When working with this product, gloves should be worn to avoid skin irritation.
If it comes into contact with clothing, it is easy to remove it with Super Moment Antikley or with a solvent containing nitromethane.
If the spots on the fabric are already obsolete, you can try to dissolve them at home with vinegar. For 1 glass of water take 1 tbsp. spoon of vinegar and rinse the area with glue.
Acetone is also used to remove stains from glue , but here the composition of the material should be taken into account: discolored spots may appear at the places where acetone was applied. This solvent can remove glue from any surface, it is suitable for liquid nails. If the liquid nails have already set, the upper part is cut off with a knife, the residues are removed with acetone.
How to wash?
From the skin
When working with super-glue, it often gets on the skin of the hands. If the adhesive has got on the skin, you just can’t get rid of it, you can’t remove it with soapy water. There are three ways to remove super-substance from the skin of the hands.
For this, as a rule, apply:
- acetone: rub the contaminated area well, and then wash your hands with soap;
- pumice: hands should be steamed, then gently rub over the area with a pumice;
- table salt: hands should be moistened and a large spoon of salt should be poured in the palm of your hands, which should be rubbed until the pollution has not lagged behind.
These methods can severely damage the skin of the hands - after manipulations, it is necessary to apply lotion or hand cream on the skin.
It’s very difficult to remove super-substance from metal. You can try to wipe the metal surface using acetone or another solvent containing volatile substances, but they do not have time to grasp the material.
To completely get rid of contamination, a solvent or acetone is applied to a cotton pad or dense cotton fabric, applied to a dirty place, and adhesive tape is glued on top. As a result, an air-tight environment is created, the glue inside will heat up and its residues can be easily removed after removing the adhesive tape.
Often, super-glue gets on linoleum. To remove it, resort to chemical solvents. To clean the surface, select “Super Moment Antikley”, “Antikley” or “Contact”. When they are applied to the surface, the glue begins to dissolve and turn into a substance in the form of rubber, which is easily removed.
If you run to the store there is no time and opportunity, gasoline is used to remove glue from linoleum. In the event that the stain is already old, you need to wait a few minutes until the glue begins to dissolve. Residues are removed with dry wipes. Sometimes it cannot be deleted the first time, then the procedure should be repeated.
When working with gasoline, safety precautions should be observed, since the substance is flammable. There should be no children in the room during work. After working with gasoline, the surface is washed with water.
When buying linoleum, you should read the instructions and find out what products are suitable for its surface. If there is a small piece of linoleum, you can conduct a test check on it: spread with glue, and then try to remove it using different means. To clean linoleum, you can take gasoline or ammonia. Do not use acetone for cleaning: it can damage the surface.
The question often arises as to how to remove traces of glue from plastic surfaces. When working with this tool, you should be very careful and try to immediately remove glue drops from plastic with a normal cloth. After removing the stain, rinse the surface with dishwashing detergent.
Plastic does not tolerate temperature extremes, and can also be damaged when using some chemical solvents, so acetone or gasoline are not used for plastic surfaces.
If the glue on the plastic surface is already dry, you can try to carefully cut it off.
Also, to remove the adhesive composition from plastic, you can use the tool "Dimethyl sulfoxide." You can buy it at any pharmacy.
As with any other surface, it is always easier to remove fresh dirt from the glass: it is enough to wipe it with a rag.
For dried on the basis of glue used:
- cleaner: it is applied to glass, after a few minutes it is removed with a knife;
- white spirit: it is applied with a wet disc to the glass, after 15 minutes the softened glue is removed with a clerical knife;
- vegetable oil: it is applied for 1 hour, then removed with a spatula from plastic or with a spatula;
- liquid soap, dish detergent: a little composition is added to water, a soap solution is applied to glass and washed off with a dish brush.
You can also remove glue from the glass using ammonia and dishwashing detergent: they are taken in equal proportions and applied to the stain for 1 hour. After this, the pollution is removed and the glass is wiped with a solution of ammonia in the ratio: 1 tbsp. liters of alcohol per 0.5 liters. water.
- It is important to observe safety measures during the work. If glue gets into the eye, consult a doctor immediately. You need to take a tube with you: this way the doctor will understand how to treat the eye.
- The tube is not aimed at itself, so that the substance does not accidentally fall on the skin and face.
- The composition contains toxic substances, so work is carried out in well-ventilated areas.
- If not all glue has been used, the tube should not be folded: it is likely that it will crack at the bend and the substance will spill.
- Always keep a tube of glue to read its composition. Thus, it will become clear the better to remove it from which surfaces.
- If super-glue got into places where it is difficult to get, for example, to the castle, then in this case vinegar essence will help. Using a syringe, you need to pour it into the lock, wait a bit and clean it with a needle or a toothpick. Antikley or another solvent will also help to cope with such contaminants.
How to remove super-glue using a pharmacy tool is clearly demonstrated in the video.