Khrushchevs are apartments with a small area. Because of their size, they are not considered the most convenient, so the owners of such dwellings seek by any means to increase square meters. To achieve this, balcony blocks are often used.
Advantages and disadvantages
Expanding space with balconies is a very popular solution, which many residents of small apartments turn to. But first you need to glaze the balcony.
High-quality glazing is able to make the room more cozy and comfortable. It protects the balcony block from temperature changes, precipitation and other negative environmental factors. The room will become more functional: on the glazed balcony you can store vegetables, canned food and other things that could not be found in the apartment.
If we are talking about warm glazing, then on such a balcony it is quite possible to equip a full-fledged living room for relaxing, working or reading books. But in the conditions of Khrushchev, such a finish is not always possible, since it has considerable weight.
For balcony blocks in such houses, it is worth choosing such window structures that will not be too heavy, because the extra load on the concrete floor can lead to serious unpleasant consequences. Often, the facades of houses were covered with cracks due to heavy warm and plastic glazing. The saddest ending may be the collapse of the installed structures.
But do not think that for such balconies it is difficult to choose suitable window structures. For Khrushchev, not only cold aluminum frames with single-layer glass are suitable, but also beautiful and environmentally friendly models of wood in different shades. It is also possible to install expensive warm glazing, but only if the technical condition of the house and floors allows this.
Before direct installation of windows, you need to contact specialists who will evaluate the condition of the concrete floor and carry out all the necessary work to strengthen it.
With your own hands, installing glazing on such balconies is not worth it. As a rule, the concrete structures in Khrushchev are old and fragile, so you should work with them very carefully and accurately. This business is better to entrust to professionals.
There are several options for balcony glazing in Khrushchev. All designs have their pros and cons, which you should be aware of if you plan to install new windows on your balcony.
For Khrushchev, cold glazing is ideal. It has a low cost and is easy to install. Thanks to him, the interior of the balcony will be perfectly protected from the penetration of drafts, dampness and moisture.
Cold glazing is lightweight. As a rule, aluminum structures are present in such structures - not only very light, but also strong, durable and wear-resistant.
Aluminum frames come in many colors. You can choose the perfect option that will harmoniously fit into the overall ensemble of the apartment.
But such windows have their drawbacks. A balcony equipped with such elements will be cold. When you try to open the sash in winter, an unpleasant surprise may await you: aluminum profiles often freeze and become covered with ice crust.
Even powerful heaters and heaters of floor, walls and ceiling will not protect such a room from the cold. The temperature in the inside will not differ much from the outside. However, cold-glazed balconies are ideal for hanging out in the summer. The inside will be cool and fresh.
Such window structures cannot boast of good sound insulation. Yard noise and howling wind will be heard well in the apartment. Part of this problem can be solved by installing a high-quality plastic door leading to the balcony.
You can create a favorable microclimate on the balcony with the help of warm glazing. This option is more expensive than cold, but also has a large number of positive characteristics.
High-quality warm glazing will allow you to use the balcony room year-round, as it is hermetic and have excellent sound and heat insulation and allows you to remake a non-functional area into a living and usable one.
With these structures, you can safely organize a small study, a winter garden or a relaxation area with a soft armchair on the balcony. But it is worth considering the fact that the design is not recommended to be subjected to unnecessary loads, so a large amount of furniture should not be taken there.
Such glazing has a large weight, so you should choose such structures in which lighter materials are present.
In the summer, balconies with warm glazing are very hot and stuffy. Many buyers attribute this nuance to the shortcomings of window structures.
If the premises are located on the highest floors, then they must be equipped with a roof. Such a part will require additional costs and installation work. We must not forget that the installation of such a visor should be agreed in the relevant organizations.
Balcony glazing can have different designs. Consider the most popular and attractive options:
- If you want to let more light into the living quarters, then you should turn to the frameless version. Such systems look very light and airy. Sashes open and close with plastic rollers. Do not think that such systems are fragile. For frameless constructions, very durable tempered glass is used. For Khrushchev, they can be selected only in the cold version, otherwise the balcony ceiling will be overloaded.
- Excellent light transmission is characterized by panoramic windows. Similar designs look very original and attractive. Such glazing will cost more than other options. Many apartment owners specially design balconies in such a way as to later sell the living space at a higher price. The installation of such systems is longer and more time-consuming. Do not try to independently install panoramic structures in Khrushchev. Entrust this work to professionals.
- The balcony in Khrushchev can be glazed with removal. This option will increase the area of the room. As a result, you get a large window sill that extends beyond the concrete slab. Visually space will seem more spacious.
- Suitable for Khrushchev and beautiful French glazing. This option implies the presence of glass going from the floor to the ceiling. Similar designs look lightweight and provide excellent visibility. It is not recommended to install such window systems if the balcony is facing south. In such conditions, the room will turn into a real greenhouse.
In the balcony glazing can be various options for frames. These parts are made from strong and durable materials.
Plastic specimens are the most common. They have remarkable thermal and noise insulation characteristics. Plastic constructions are inexpensive and look very neat.
Plastic does not require special and regular care. It is very easy to clean its surface from dust and dirt. You do not need to buy special compounds for this. It is quite possible to do with simple detergents.
Plastic frames are not afraid of temperature changes and harsh weather conditions. This explains their durability and wear resistance.
However, warm glazing in this design will have too much weight and for Khrushchev this option will not work.
Strength and durability are distinguished by aluminum frames in the balcony glazing. Such parts are most often present in cold glazing. They are light in weight and look attractive.
Among the disadvantages of such structures, their susceptibility to freezing at low temperatures and poor tightness can be noted.
With aluminum profiles, drafts and cold air will enter the room.
Unsurpassed appearance boasts wooden structures. They look harmoniously on small balconies, have good thermal insulation characteristics, but require a special attitude. The tree needs to be treated from time to time with special protective agents that will extend the life of the material and allow for a long time to maintain an attractive appearance.
But even regular maintenance will not save wooden frames from drying out and cracking. It will be impossible to get rid of such defects and outwardly the tree will become less attractive.
To design a balcony block in Khrushchev, it is recommended to turn to light types of glazing. Such structures will not adversely affect concrete floors.
The best option for such a home would be cold glazing with durable aluminum frames. But you must understand that it will not keep heat indoors, and you will not be able to use the balcony all year round.
This option is suitable for those owners who want to store vegetables, cans or different things on the balcony, and not use it as a living room.
Cold aluminum glazing is also suitable for those who are not ready to spend large amounts on installing a more expensive warm option and additional reinforcement of the concrete floor.
A good solution would be a wooden structure. They look beautiful, but you will have to look after them regularly.
If you plan to operate the balcony in any season, then warm glazing will be an ideal option. Structures with plastic profiles and frameless options will have a lot of weight, so they are suitable for your balcony only if it allows its technical condition.
Before making the final choice, be sure to contact the professionals who will come and evaluate the condition of the concrete slab on which the balcony block is located. Only they can tell you which glazing can be installed, and which is better to refuse.
You can learn more about the intricacies of glazing and other repairs on the balcony in the video below.