Indoor plants have been indispensable companions of man for many years. Green areas can be found not only in residential premises, but also in educational and health institutions, as well as in offices. Flowers not only complement and decorate all types of interiors, but also purify the air and also improve the general atmosphere of the room. For many years, one of the most beloved plants in this category is violet. Breeders from around the world have brought a huge number of varieties that differ in color and properties. Among a wide range of colors, flower growers distinguish one of the most unusual - violet "Chanson". This plant will be able to please its owners with a beautiful appearance and bright colors only with proper care.
Violet "Chanson" - Saintpaulia, which was bred by a group of breeders led by Paul Soran, has an unusual and fantasy color, as well as a classic size.
Purple velvety inflorescences have large leaves, the size of which can reach 7 cm. Wavy petals are covered with light peas of different shades of pink. The main feature of young plants is the absence of pink drops on the surface of the petals. Each rosette consists of more than 5 inflorescences. The diameter of one outlet is 21 cm. The period of abundant flowering lasts about three months.
The color of the leaves is dark green with an olive tint, and the shape is rounded. Each leaf is attached to a long handle. The outer edges of the sheet plate are down.
For rapid growth and abundant flowering, it is necessary to create comfortable conditions.
The plant negatively relates to direct sunlight, and in winter it needs additional artificial lighting.
The subtleties of care
Beginning gardeners need to pay attention to this type of violets, which is unpretentious and needs minimal care.
The soil mixture for planting should consist of 3 parts of peat, 5 parts of hardwood and 1 part of sand. Experienced gardeners recommend adding a little charcoal or moss, as well as expanded clay and vermiculite particles to the nutritional composition. Experts recommend the use of ready-made soil mixtures, which are sold in specialized stores. The main condition when planting a plant in a pot is the presence of a drainage layer.
Violet has a superficial root system that feels comfortable in low pots. For planting young plants, preference should be given to pots whose diameter does not exceed 8 cm. Every three years, as the flower grows, it must be transplanted into larger containers.
The transplant must be carried out very carefully, keeping the earthen lump intact. It is not recommended to change the pot during flowering or the formation of peduncles.
In specialized stores you can buy two types of pots:
Both types of flower containers can be used for growing violets, but experts recommend giving preference to ceramic pots.
A good level of illumination is the key to abundant flowering. After the violet comes in contact with direct sunlight, burns and white spots may remain - violets should be grown on window sills on the west or east side of the apartment. To evenly hit the light on all sides of the plant, turn the pot once a week.
During a short daylight, violets need additional lighting for active growth and flowering.
The most comfortable temperature range is from 20 to 25 degrees. In winter, the air temperature should not be lower than 19 degrees.
When ventilating the room, it is necessary to protect the flower from drafts and strong air flow.
The humidity level in the room with plants should not be lower than 50 percent.
Biologists categorically forbid spraying a flower.
To increase humidity, it is better to place a vase with water next to the plant or pour drainage into the pan and constantly moisten it.
For watering, you need to use a watering can with a thin nose, which eliminates the ingress of water on the stems and leaves of the plant. If it is impossible to exclude the ingress of water on the leaves, you must immediately dry the plant and get wet drops of moisture. If you moisten the soil through a sump, then after a few minutes it is imperative to drain all residual liquid. Drops of water on the leaves and damp earth can provoke putrefactive processes. In the case of a long absence, you can organize automatic watering, for which one end of the rope should be lowered into a container of water, and the second end put in a pot.
Experienced gardeners recommend moistening the soil only after it has completely dried out at room temperature with standing water.
In the summer, it is necessary to wash off the dust from the leaves every month with the help of a shower. Never use cold water and high pressure water.
For the full growth and development of the plant, it is necessary to regularly use a complex of special fertilizers, which before use must be dissolved in water in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturers.
During the flowering period, fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium should be used, and during the formation of the rosette, the plant needs nitrogen fertilizers.
To obtain new Senpolia plants, you can use several methods of reproduction:
- by seeds;
- planting peduncles;
- rooting cuttings.
The most common and effective way to grow a new plant is to root stepchildren. The technology of this method is to separate the little stepsons from the mother bush and carefully transplant them into a new flower capacity.
To propagate violets using peduncles or cuttings, you must first place the planting material in a container of water or in wet soil. Special growth stimulants will help speed up the process of root system formation. Only after the appearance of roots about 1 cm long can they be planted at a constant place of growth.
Obtaining a new plant from seeds is a complex and lengthy process that is used in specialized nurseries by experienced botanists. For self-growing violets with seeds, you need to purchase only ready-made seed.
Seeds collected independently do not carry the genetic characteristics of this plant and cause the plant to sport.
Violet is a delicate flower that has low resistance to viral, fungal and infectious diseases. These problems appear on weak plants, the care of which does not comply with the established rules.
High humidity and low ambient temperatures can lead to a number of diseases.
- Bacteriosis is a disease that can occur in the warm season. Symptoms include dark spots, darkening of the underside of foliage, wilting of flowers, and a change in the structure of the leaf plate. Ways of struggle - the destruction of the plant.
- Powdery mildew is a fungal disease that can lead to the death of a plant. Signs - the presence of white plaque on the surface of the leaves, which provokes the appearance of ulcers and roughness of the leaves. The causes of occurrence are infection from soil, garden tools and diseased plants. Treatment - removal of infected leaves, treatment of plants with special fungicides.
- Rust is a dangerous type of fungal disease that must be treated at the first sign of its appearance. Signs are the presence of brown spots on the surface of the leaf and yellow capsules with spores on the underside. The reasons are low light levels, poor immunity, and plant infection. Treatment - removal of diseased leaf plates, plant isolation, treatment of the bush with fungicides.
- Root rot is a disease of the root system that prevents the formation of flowers. Signs - a prolonged absence of peduncles, lethargy of leaves and petioles. The reasons are the lack of a drainage layer, poor quality of the soil mixture, excessive watering, and low soil temperature. Treatment - removal of damaged parts or complete destruction of the plant, treatment with fungicide and changing the pot and soil.
When the first signs of the disease occur, a set of measures should be performed:
- removal of damaged parts of the plant;
- flower processing with special chemicals;
- replacement of nutrient soil and flower pot.
It is strictly forbidden to feed the plant earlier than 30 days after its recovery. A weakened flower is not able to absorb nutrients, the excess of which can provoke the death of the plant.
The following pests can harm the plant:
- spider mite;
- cyclamen tick;
- scale insects;
- mushroom mosquitoes.
When pests appear, it is necessary to treat the plant with special insecticides.
Novice growers can face a number of other problems:
- withering and drying of the leaves;
- rotting of the root system.
Causes of yellow and brown spots:
- low or high humidity;
- unbalanced watering with cold water;
- excessive application of nitrogen fertilizers.
Causes of drying and wilting of leaves:
- plentiful watering;
- lack of nutrients;
- the presence of drafts;
- low quality soil.
The causes of decay of the root system:
- plentiful watering;
- high acidity of the soil.
Violet "Chanson" - a decorative flower that can decorate any room. Before buying this plant, you must carefully study all the subtleties and rules for caring for it. Only the creation of comfortable conditions will lead to the full growth and development of the plant, which will delight all members of the family with beautiful and bright colors.
See how to water the violet properly in the video below.