Crassula is the Latin name for the Crassula, which is also often called the "money tree" for the similarity of the shape of the leaves to coins. This plant is a succulent, that is, it has special tissues to store water, and belongs to the family Crassulaceae. It has 350 species, most of which are found in the tropics of Africa and on the island of Madagascar. Some of them are able to accumulate arsenic in their leaves and are poisonous, but this does not apply to indoor species of fatwolves, because they grow on soils lacking this toxic substance.
Plants belonging to the genus Crassula may have a different appearance. Most of them are perennials, which have dimensions of several centimeters and several meters in height. Fat women have simple opposite leaves, which are collected in a basal rosette.
These plants bloom in small white-yellow (less often red or blue) panicle-umbellate or racemose inflorescences. Crassula ovate, an oleaginous crassula, which is very popular in indoor floriculture, has a lignified trunk up to one and a half meters high and gray-green fleshy roundish leaves with a blue wax coating.
Crassula Buddha's Temple is a hybrid that was obtained in 1959 in the process of crossbreeding species of perfoliate crassula and pyramidal by breeder Miron Kimnachem. Initially, the plant had the name Crassula Kimnach, but later it was assigned the name Crassula "Temple of the Buddha" because of the curved shape of the leaves, resembling the roofs of Buddhist temples.
This hybrid looks like standing upright, ribbed to the touch columns, over time greatly expanding. In the process of rapid growth from the severity of its own weight, the columns collapse, resembling crawling snakes in this position. The leaves are shiny and bright green, new shoots grow from the stems. This fat girl blooms in small pink-red hues.
Succulents - indoor plants that are easy to care for. But in order for the Crassula “Buddha Temple” to feel comfortable and for a long time please you and your loved ones with its unusual beauty, it is necessary to study the nuances of its cultivation.
- Soil selection. For this fat girl, as for other succulents, you need a light soil, consisting of turf and coarse sand. It is better not to use ready-made earthen mixtures because of the presence of peat that is not suitable for the plant. Adding charcoal and vermiculite to the soil improves the process of aeration (air saturation) of the soil.
Before use, the resulting earthen mixture must be calcined in the oven or steamed, fixing it above it.
- Landing. The pot for a fat woman should not be large. Broken brick or gravel should be placed at the bottom. The roots of a store plant should be well cleaned of the old land, which often contains peat. Carefully inspect the crassula for disease and pest damage, and only then land.
- Lighting Crassula "Temple of the Buddha" loves good lighting, but with limited duration direct sunlight. It is advisable to put the pot on the west or east window. On the windowsill facing north, it is strongly not recommended to place the plant; its leaves will be deformed and weak. But if there is no other choice, then light the plant with a phytolamp.
- Watering scheme. In the wild, all succulents tolerate drought very well, so often you do not need to water the plant. Do this as the soil dries. Excessive watering can destroy the plant. It is better to water a fat woman in the evening, using well-maintained water at room temperature. In winter, watering should be reduced to once every 10-14 days.
- Temperature condition. This flower loves warmth and fresh air, but intense heat is contraindicated for it. The ideal summer air temperature is +23.26 degrees Celsius during the day with a sharp decrease to +10 degrees at night. This mode is close to the natural growth conditions of this plant. In the warmer months of the year, you can place a pot of fat on a balcony or terrace. In winter, maintain a temperature of +12.16 degrees Celsius, preventing the flow of hot air from the heating on the windowsill.
- Humidity Humidity is not particularly important for succulents. But the plant should sometimes be sprayed, and also wipe the leaves.
- Fertilizing with fertilizers . During the period of active growth (from spring to the end of summer), once a month it is recommended to feed the rossula with ready-made fertilizers for cacti and succulents. They should be introduced into moist soil immediately after the irrigation process in order to avoid root burns. In the autumn-winter period, feeding the plant is not required.
- Transfer. A fat woman should be transplanted no more than once every 2-3 years. The new pot should be only a couple of centimeters wider than the old. The capacity for planting is recommended to be shallow, since the root processes of the Crassula are superficial. The soil is made in the same way as when planting the plant, with the mandatory procedure for disinfecting the soil. Immediately after transplanting, the pot is placed in a shaded place, do not water the fat woman for 3-4 days. Then the plant is returned to its original place, then they are looked after in the usual way.
Crassula can be propagated by lateral shoots and leaves. In the first method, the shoots are cut with a sharpened knife and dried for 7-10 days, placed vertically. After this, cuttings should be placed in the soil at a very shallow depth and fixed with stones for stability. In the second method, it is necessary to cut off the top of any shoot and separate leaf plates from it, then they should be dried for 1-2 days and planted in prepared soil.
Make sure that the soil does not dry out, you can spray the rooting leaves from the spray gun.
Possible diseases and pests
Most often, succulents are affected by powdery mildew. The disease can occur due to high humidity or in the absence of airing. If you notice that the leaves become deformed and become covered with white coating, immediately treat the crassula with any fungicide.
In the future, observe all the subtleties of growing this plant . Insecticides should not be used to combat spider mites, aphids and mealybugs.
Wipe the leaves of the plant daily with a swab dipped in soapy water until all the signs of the pests disappear.
Crassula "Buddha Temple" is an ideal plant for the home: it has a unique decorative appearance, grows quickly, is unpretentious to the living conditions, reproduces easily, and with proper care can live more than 15 years. In addition, it is believed that well-succulents that grow well and flourish at home attract good fortune and family happiness.
In the video below you can see an overview of this separation.