Most private country houses are equipped with attic rooms. The presence of such a room is very convenient, as it allows you to use it depending on the needs of the family. The choice of operation option depends on the owner, however, before you make repairs in the room, you should first install a solid staircase and sunroof there. In this article, we will consider the features and advantages of staircases with an insulated hatch, find out the varieties of existing options, and also give some important and useful tips for warming and choosing hatches.
Features and Benefits
One of the main advantages of attic stairs is its compactness. It takes up a minimum of space, and at any time can be cleaned so as not to clutter up the space. Another plus is the safety of this type, since each structure is also equipped with a railing, which provides convenience when climbing to the attic and descending from it. Modern furniture stores offer a diverse assortment of staircases. Thanks to such a wide selection, each client will be able to choose an option to taste, corresponding to the interior of the house.
The insulated hatch is a very important detail in the entire structure, since it is it that ensures the preservation of heat in the lower room and does not allow the cold to seep in there. A hatch with a discount staircase is much more convenient than a full-fledged door, as it takes up much less space, and in the closed position it is completely invisible to guests.
Types of structures
There are several varieties of stair structures with a hatch, each of which has certain characteristics. They are classified according to different characteristics: by the type of stairs, material of manufacture and shape.
Such systems fall into the following categories:
This design, as a rule, is installed in houses with a wide space , where it will not interfere with the residents. The main feature of this type is that the ladder is firmly fixed at the hatch and floor: this completely eliminates its movement or folding. Unfortunately, this option is not suitable for everyone, since in addition to cumbersomeness and the impossibility of hiding, it is also quite expensive. However, its disadvantages are fully compensated by the pluses, which include increased strength and reliability of this type, as well as its longer and safer operation.
Subdivided into such subspecies:
This type of stairs with a hatch leading to the attic is most often installed in a small area or in the case of rare operation of this room. Such a staircase design is quite compact and can be selected without focusing on the general interior, since it will still not be visible. With a slight movement of the hand, in the case of installing an automatic mechanism, it is easy to lower the ladder down or lift it up, covering it with a hatch. A small drawback of this type is the difficulty of self-installation, but with a clear follow-up of the instructions there should be no problems.
The most common and inexpensive subspecies of this design is a stepladder. However, this option is far from safe due to its instability. Another inconvenience is the fact that the stepladder will have to be stored separately, and this also needs a place.
Professionals recommend installing attachment systems if it is not possible to install the other two. The most popular are metal, wood and polymer structures, as well as products from composites. At the request of the customer, it is possible to manufacture stairs to the attic at once from several materials. The choice will depend not only on the future owner, but also on the configuration of the product, its frequency of use and financial capabilities.
How can you insulate?
An insulated hatch can be made with high quality and with your own hands, if you correctly follow the instructions. To begin with, you should prepare all the necessary tools, drawings, materials and an attic entrance diagram.
After that, you can proceed to the procedure, which consists of several stages:
- Frame creation. Before insulating the hatch, you need to make it. First you need to outline and cut the opening for the hatch in case it was not designed during the construction of the building. It is advisable not to make too large a hole. The optimum size is considered to be an opening 6-10 centimeters larger than the future hatch. Do not be afraid of the formation of a small gap, in the future it will be filled with insulation. The frame and door of the required size and shape can be purchased ready-made at any hardware store. Remember that the thickness of the boards should be approximately 2-3 centimeters.
During drawing on the surface of the ceiling, it is recommended to use a construction angle, so that the angles are smooth. Before starting work, it is advisable to double-check everything again to be sure of your calculations. The standard size of the passage to the attic is 60 * 120 centimeters. Optionally, you can increase or decrease these parameters depending on your needs. In the case of installing a folding or retractable staircase, be sure to check the system parameters when folded and adjust the parameters of the hatch for the future lifting mechanism. The cover should fully accommodate the mechanism without any problems. After the frame is ready, it should be mounted and well fixed in the opening.
- Door installation. After the frame is created and fixed, you need to proceed to the second stage, namely the creation of the hatch door, which is made of wooden boards or a piece of plywood. Pay attention to the weight of the product: the door must be reliable and durable, but not too heavy. Reliability of fixing the hatch is especially important if you use a folding type of structure, as during poor-quality work, it can fall and open at any time. As an additional reliability of the hatch with longitudinal boards, it is advisable to fasten them by nailing the transverse board on the back side. During installation, ordinary hinges for the door are used. To open and close the hatch, you can use many options depending on the desire and capabilities of the customer. For added protection, it is recommended that you install a lock.
- Hatch insulation. We turn to the insulation of the attic opening and the hatch itself. The first thing to do is to insulate steam on the sides of the hole and on the door, then a heat-insulating level is laid on it. When the structure is insulated, it can be trimmed with decorative trim. At the end of the work, it is necessary to fill the gaps remaining in the frame with the help of mounting foam, and make a tight contour. After completing all of the above works, an additional layer of decoration should be sewn.
When creating an insulated attic hatch and choosing a ladder design, some nuances should be taken into account.
Thanks to modern technology and the desire of manufacturers to please their customers, it became possible to order stairs for certain features of future users. For example, when ordering a design for a house where elderly people live, there is the opportunity to make the stairs even more reliable and durable. So, in addition to the railing for the safety of their parents, many customers additionally equip the design with special silicone overlays for the steps. It is possible to install wider steps.
The folding type is convenient not only for its compactness , but also because it can be used to completely limit children's access to the attic, as well as the use of the stairs. This is especially important for parents of very young children. For such cases, a lock is installed on the hatch. An additional advantage of the folding type is the function of setting the automatic lifting and lowering of the structure, which is carried out at the touch of a button. This mechanism will be an excellent option for fragile women who will often have to climb into the attic, each time opening and closing it, and leaving it always in the open position is impossible for a number of reasons.
Before mounting the hatch in the attic, you should take into account the features of the future location and choose it wisely. You should pay attention to the location of the height level of the roof or beam arch: the opening must be installed in such a way as not to accidentally bump your head when lifting. The hatch should not be mounted on the main load-bearing bars so as not to deform them in order to create a new hole. You should leave the area under the proposed entrance to the attic so that there is enough space for the stairs.
An attic staircase with an insulated hatch is a very convenient option for many owners of private houses. Their benefits only prove this. It is important to choose the right staircase structure, choose the right place for it, be able to correctly calculate everything and establish that, as it turned out, is not a big deal.
How to choose an attic staircase, see the next video.