The Decembrist, he is a Christmas tree, Decembrine, Schlumberger, Zygocactus - a guest from Southern Brazil, who very successfully took root on the windowsills of apartments in our latitudes. This plant of the cactus family won love for itself not only with an interesting appearance, but also with an unusual flowering season. Some owners of this plant are faced with a situation where the Decembrist for some reason does not bloom. This article will discuss these causes and ways to solve the problem.
In comfortable conditions, the Decembrist grows well, blooms luxuriantly and pleases the eye. The flowering period begins around the last week of November, and ends in January. Sometimes a plant may bloom after that. But this is rather an exception than a rule.
It is not difficult to get the flowering from the Decembrist exactly on the due date. It is important for the plant to give comfortable conditions in which it will feel good.
These conditions include:
- plant protection from low temperatures or their differences;
- permanent place (you should not transfer the pot with the plant from place to place, it is better to immediately determine where it will live);
- ensuring dormancy in the summer - plant nutrition, protection from adverse conditions (sun, cold and drafts), fresh air;
- high-quality watering - the soil should be moist, it must not be allowed to dry out;
- planned plant transplantation - do not neglect this action, so the soil in the pot will not "get tired" and will not be exhausted;
- providing a comfortable capacity for life - a wide and necessarily low pot;
- the presence of good drainage at the bottom of the pot;
- Preventing the sun from entering the flower - direct rays will burn the plant.
Why are there no flowers?
There are times when the Decembrist regularly bloomed, and then suddenly stopped, as if he did not want to. Sometimes this reluctance to bloom lasts for several years. It is important to find out the causes of this phenomenon and eliminate them. Possible reasons for the failure of the Decembrist from flowering:
- Inappropriate pot for the plant;
- lack of phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen;
- excess or lack of watering;
- non-compliance with the period of rest and recovery;
- excess or lack of light;
- dry indoor air in the autumn-winter period;
- diseases and pests.
The effect of seasonality on the plant
The fact that the birthplace of the Decembrist is faraway Brazil left its mark. In the countries of the Eurasian continent its seasonality looks very different and unusual for us. Depending on the time of the year, you will need to take care of the Decembrist in different ways. Observance of these differences is important so that the Decembrist has time to recover and accumulate strength by the new flowering season.
The period of flowering and peak activity falls on the time when the calendar comes late autumn and winter. In this cold time, Decembrist requires constant spraying of buds . This will provide him with the necessary moisture. When the plant blooms, spraying does not need to be stopped. It is important to monitor the moisture content of the soil and prevent its dryness. It will also require absolute rest for the pot and no top dressing.
By February, the plant drops flowers and stops blooming. If the plant has not got rid of dried flowers on its own, it can be helped: gently tear off the last petals and remove the remains of inflorescences. Until April, the flower should be moved to a cooler place and watered once a week.
In April, you need to make the first dressing - a depleted flower needs to restore the energy spent. Until June, once a month, fertilizer must be applied to the soil. The portion required at this stage is half the size recommended by the manufacturer. The Decembrist needs to provide partial shade. It is worth continuing to spray it, from time to time you can wash the leaves with settled warm water.
After feeding, the plant is ready for transplantation or reproduction. Such actions should be carried out at the end of April or in May.
A young plant needs a transplant every year. At this time, the Decembrist is actively growing and “pulling” everything that can from the ground. An adult plant needs only one transplant in a five-year period.
In June, the plant needs to be moved to fresh air. You can take it outside, or you can put it on the balcony. The main thing is that the plant does not appear under the scorching sun. It would be better to place it in a shadow or place where only scattered, indirect rays reach it. You also need to protect the flower from rain.
During this period, the rhythm of watering changes - you need to water only when the soil begins to dry out. Feeding is also becoming more frequent - now the plant needs to be fed 2 times a month, each time already giving a full portion of fertilizer. In such conditions, the Decembrist will live until September, when he begins a period of rest. This month, the flower needs to be moved back to the room where it will live before flowering.
Until November, the room temperature must not exceed 14 ° C and cannot fall below 10 ° C. Feeding should be stopped, and watering reduced even more. At this time, the frequency of watering can reach up to 1 time in 2 weeks. In November, flowering begins. Therefore, before the onset of December, the temperature should be gradually raised to 15 ° C and renewed watering should be resumed. The main thing is not to do this abruptly so as not to injure the flower.
How to help bloom?
There are folk remedies and secrets to make indoor Decembrists bloom faster again. If the room where the Decembrist lives is cool and humid, its flowering can be stimulated by a gradual increase in temperature. The main thing is that it does not go beyond permissible limits.
In order for the Decembrist to bloom after stagnation, it is important to renew its soil . If the plant is not replanted annually, it will be useful to add a substrate for succulents to the soil. This will saturate the soil with everything necessary for the plant. You also need to feed the flower with phosphorus and potassium.
As a top dressing, you can use a solution of ash (2 tablespoons of ash per 1 liter of water), sugar solution (2 tablespoons of sugar per 1 liter of water), citrus infusion (pour orange, tangerine, lemon peel with water and let it brew). Special fertilizers for cacti are also suitable . A weak solution of cow manure in water does not hurt. Pest control or plant disease can also stimulate it to start blooming.
It is important to maintain his health and, if necessary, treat with an insecticide.
Do not settle the plant in the kitchen. This part of the apartment has the most unstable temperature conditions, which can adversely affect the plant, and deprive it of “desire” to bloom and tie buds. It is necessary to provide the plant with a sufficient level of light and ventilation. Even with intolerance to direct sunlight, a dark unventilated pantry will be a bad place for the life of a Decembrist.
How to care?
At home, it is important to follow all the recommendations and requirements for caring for the plant, in this case there will be no problems with its flowering. It is necessary to water the plant if the soil dries up, and to prevent its dryness in principle. Watering should be plentiful, but not to the state of a puddle in a pot.
It is important to ensure the temperature regime depending on the time of year, it is good to feed the Decembrist during the recovery and rest periods. It is important to grow a plant in a low pot and not too big. The roots of the Decembrist are of a superficial type; therefore, a rather low but wide pot with good drainage at the bottom is sufficient for it.
Common mistakes when growing
Belonging to cacti does not mean that care for the Decembrist can be carried out the same as for ordinary cacti. Some owners of this plant think that it is enough to water it occasionally and no longer participate in its life. This is a strong fallacy.
Due to the constant lack of moisture, the Decembrist will become lethargic and unlikely to bloom. And from abundant watering, the plant will begin to lose foliage. Therefore, it is important to observe the required watering regime. Another common misconception is that the Decembrist grows more actively in large pots. With most plants, this logic works, but not with the Decembrist. In the natural environment, the plant has a slightly developed root system and is attached to trees.
A large pot stimulates the plant to develop the root system, but in the end the roots just come to the surface. This can also cause a rejection of flowering.
The depth of a suitable pot can be selected based on the height of the stem. A container with a depth of 3 times less than the stem of a plant will do.
Also, during the flowering period, you should not leave a flower unattended. When the buds are ovary, you need to ensure that the Decembrist does not get too many of them. If 4 or more buds are formed on one branch of the Decembrist, it is worth removing some of them. With a large number of buds, the plant simply does not have enough strength to bloom , it will begin to throw them off.