Specialized garden centers offer many options for fertilizer and fertilizing for various crops, including flower. But many flower growers are not limited to the choice of ready-made products. Real lovers of floriculture always have a touch of creativity in growing their favorite green pets. Often used folk remedies and forgotten "grandmother’s recipes" to get highly decorative lush flowers.
Which plants are suitable for?
Sugar top dressing is one of the most popular natural fertilizers. They are a source of glucose, this essential component for vital biochemical processes occurring in plants. Incoming glucose is an intensive source of energy and stimulates photosynthesis in plants.
Sugar is suitable for almost all indoor plants, but flowering crops respond especially to dressing : flowering periods are extended, crown leaves are enlarged, and acquire a rich green color.
Home roses, succulents (their typical representatives are cacti), as well as large-sized plants (ficus, dracaena, palm trees) and smooth-leaved species respond well to sugar top dressing.
Signs of depletion of flowers are:
- growth retardation;
- decrease in the color intensity of leaves and stems;
- reduction in leaf size;
- stretching and thinning of stems;
- lack of flowering;
- yellowing and subsequent discharge of leaves;
- loss of decorative effect and decreased immunity to plant diseases.
Having discovered at least one of these signs, you need to immediately feed the plants.
Sugar top dressing beneficially affects not only indoor, but also garden flowers. Combined top dressing, consisting of sugar and other natural components : yeast, wood ash, coffee grounds, is especially useful . But you need to make nutrient mixtures competently. Various fertilizing cultures are affected in different ways, therefore, it certainly takes into account what grows on the garden plot or which plants “live” on the windowsill.
The composition of the soil also varies differently. For example, coffee grounds acidify the soil slightly, yeast can cause excessive fermentation, wood ash in case of an overdose will provoke burns of the root system.
For a successful outcome, all factors must be considered.
Here are some recipes for preparing effective sugar-based dressings recommended by experienced growers.
- The simplest recipe is 1 tbsp. tablespoon of sugar (without a slide) per 1 liter of warm water. Concerning such top dressing there is no unequivocal opinion. Some gardeners recommend watering 1 time in 1-2 weeks, but most believe that the resulting solution should be watered indoor flowers 1 time per month (no more!).
- You can do even easier - sprinkle dry granulated sugar (1 teaspoon without slide on 1 flowerpot) over the soil surface in a flower pot and pour clean water (about 1 cup). But flower growers consider liquid sugar solutions to be more effective, since in a liquid state, sugar evenly flows to all elements of the root system with water, and surface dressing can provoke the appearance of mold and pests.
- Sugar supplementation with yeast is very useful. It is known that substances produced with the participation of yeast (B vitamins, microelements, various phytohormones) stimulate the active growth of plants, activate regenerative processes in plant tissues, strengthen the root system, accelerate the activity of soil microflora, and promote increased production of carbon dioxide, which helps fast glucose uptake. Nutrient feeding with yeast is equated with complex fertilizers .
Sugar-yeast top dressing can be prepared as follows:
- Dissolve 1 teaspoon of sugar and 1 g of dry yeast in 1 liter of settled water and water the flowers at the rate of 50-100 ml of the mixture per 1 kg of soil in flower pots;
- 1 tbsp. a spoonful of sugar and 10 g of dry yeast are dissolved in 1 liter of warm water and kept for about 2 hours in a warm place, then the mixture is diluted with settled water in a ratio of 1: 5 and used for watering (the amount of solution is prepared taking into account how many flowers need to be fed, but leave proportions unchanged).
After yeast top dressing, flower growers recommend adding a little (5-10 g) of wood ash to the soil to replenish calcium.
Folk recipes are not once and for all created recommendations. They are constantly being improved experimentally through the experiments of amateur gardeners and their observation of the results. Publications on special sites, blogs, and thematic forums are constantly appearing on the Internet, where flower growers share their achievements and learn from each other.
In autumn and winter, when there is little natural light, the plants weaken and especially need additional nutrition. But if flowerpots are displayed in rooms with insufficient lighting, then they need to be given special attention and fed at any time of the year, without waiting for obvious problems in the growth and development of the plant.
When feeding, you must remember one important rule (gardeners call this rule "golden): you can not exceed the dosage of any fertilizer, and sugar too. Better to add less than the excess. Plants will not be able to cope with an overdose, and the consequences will be very far from the expected result. It is much easier to fix "underfood" than to restore a depressed plant after an overdose.
For weakened plants, it is recommended to reduce the concentration of nutrient solutions by half, further diluting them with clean water without chlorine.
The plants must be closely monitored, and if the flower noticeably “revived” after top dressing, then agricultural technology is performed correctly. Instead of sugar, you can use pharmacy glucose tablets. Take 1-2 tablets, dissolve in 1 liter of warm water, and dressing is ready. Glucose is absorbed by plants only if there is a sufficient level of carbon dioxide in the soil. Excess glucose creates the conditions for the development of fungal diseases and putrefactive bacteria in the soil . To prevent this, it is recommended to use sugar top dressing together with biological products of the EM series, for example, Baikal-EM-1 or Vostok-EM-1.
Sugar solution can be made not only at the root, but also sprayed on the crown, and wipe the leaves with a damp cloth moistened with a sugar solution, if the leaves are wide. Some plants (for example, phalaenopsis) are recommended to make a compress on the leaves: dry light napkins are moistened in a solution (1 tbsp.spoon of sugar per 1 liter of water), applied to the leaves and left for half an hour, then the napkins are removed.
When using sugar dressings, beginning gardeners can unknowingly make mistakes that, instead of being useful, can seriously harm indoor flowers. Most often, such errors occur.
- An overdose of glucose due to too frequent pouring with a solution of sugar . Excess glucose inhibits the development of plants, possibly rotting the root system and death. Watering flowers with sweet water is recommended no more than 1 time per month.
- Violation of the feeding schedule . Only the systematic introduction of a sugar solution will bring a visible result, since the beneficial effect of sugar is temporary. To extend it, it is necessary to feed plants in a timely manner.
- Wrong ratio of components for flowering crops and for decorative foliage. Often, beginning flower growers are at a loss as to why the plant "does not want" to bloom with good growth, a lot of shoots and a juicy green crown, and the whole point is in the incorrectly selected feeding ratios.
Natural dressing of plants with folk remedies is a worthy, environmentally friendly alternative to industrial species. Not all fertilizers sold in modern garden centers are guaranteed to be safe. Of course, you should not assume that sugar top dressing is a panacea for all ills. They can not completely replace all fertilizers, but only contribute to the absorption of nutrients. This is only one small link in the chain of comprehensive care for the cultivation of flowering and ornamental foliage plants.
Tips for feeding sugar flowers are described in the next video.