Primrose "Akaulis" is a common perennial plant, which is preferred not only by flower growers to grow more professionally, but also by amateurs. About 500 species of primrose are found in the wild, many of which have long been used as home and garden plants. Therefore, you should familiarize yourself with the primrose "Akaulis" in detail, find out the basic secrets of its cultivation, reproduction and transplantation.
Primrose is grown in almost all countries in the world, and Russia is no exception. However, most of its varieties are common in Asian countries. These flowers can grow in pots and in the open ground. The primrose "Akaulis" has rather short stems, because of their small size - only 20 cm - it is often called stemless. The rosette of the plant is formed at the root, from there grow large elongated green leaves with small villi on them.
Primrose begins to bloom in the spring, and ends in late July. Plant flowers have the correct shape, their size, as a rule, no more than 40 mm. The flower is considered not very moody, but for its good development, you should still follow some growing rules.
Primrose doesn’t really like too bright light, a slightly shaded place is best for her. The plant prefers fresh air, so in the warm season it can be taken out to the balcony or to the street when living in a private house.
The primrose best tolerates just moderate coolness. The optimum temperature for comfortable growth of this plant is considered to be +15 degrees. The higher the temperature during flowering, the faster it will end.
In order for the plant to bloom annually, it is very important in the spring to find the best place for a flower pot, where the temperature will not exceed + 14– + 15 °.
And also it should be noted that humid air is very important for a primrose. That is why it can be sprayed more often from other plants from the spray gun.
However, it is undesirable to wipe the leaves of the plant, since they can be damaged and they will fade: they are quite fragile
Too warm places and dry air should be avoided. Therefore, it is not recommended to place containers with the plant next to the batteries.
For room primrose, it is very important to choose the right soil. The substrate for it should be light and loose, it must contain all the necessary trace elements, so it is best to buy it in a specialized gardening store.
The capacity for the plant should be selected shallow and wide. Often for young primrose use pots made of plastic or clay.
In order for primrose to live the allotted time and bloom regularly, it is very important to take care of it correctly. Watering primrose should be regular, but at the same time moderate. Excessive watering can lead to diseases, as a result of which the plant will not only not bloom, but may die.
For irrigation, it is very important to use settled water at room temperature.
In winter, watering should be reduced. Spraying is best done no more than 1 time per month.
Top dressing for primrose should be regular. As a rule, flower growers combine it with watering. Feed the plant should be no more than 2 times a month. Fertilizing is recommended during flowering and active growth of primrose. As top dressing, you can choose combined options for indoor plants.
Feeding is mandatory, in which there are organic substances and minerals.
Young primrose love loosening. Therefore, after each irrigation, the soil needs to be loosened slightly: it will be saturated with oxygen, which will greatly benefit the young plant. If you do not want to constantly carry out the procedure, you can use a decorative mulch, which is easy to purchase in any gardening store. Primrose "Akaulis" grows in a small and compact bush, which is why florists and flower growers do not recommend pinching it.
Reproduction and transplantation
Primrose "Akaulis" can be propagated in several ways:
- division of the main bush;
- growing a flower from seeds (for this, as a rule, primrose is used in the seeds of “Akaulis mix”);
The first method is quite simple.
- It is necessary to divide the main (uterine) bush into several parts. Each part should be with roots and leaves.
- Then they should be planted in small containers. At first it can even be cups, at the bottom of which drainage should be placed, and on top - soil.
- The substrate for planting is best used in-store. In cups, it is very important to carefully place the parts with roots separated from the uterine plant, and at least they must be sprinkled with soil.
- At the end of the procedure, young plants should be slightly moistened and put in a permanent place until the next transplant.
A more problematic and lengthy method of reproduction is the option of using seeds. Their germination is quite small. Usually primrose seeds are planted in the ground in late autumn or early winter, although in some cases, planting can be carried out in the summer.
For favorable seed germination, they are best placed in a bright room with high humidity. To speed up the process of seed germination, you can cover them with a film or glass, thus creating a greenhouse effect.
The optimum temperature for seed germination is + 15– + 18 °. Usually, after sowing, the first shoots appear within a few weeks. Nevertheless, the germination of all seeds is a rather controversial issue.
Sometimes a plant is propagated by cutting a leaf with a kidney. Such cuttings need to be planted in a substrate, deepening only 1 cm. When planting, it is very important to pay attention to the fact that the kidney should not be covered with a substrate.
Possible diseases and pests
If you adhere to the basic recommendations for growing primrose, then the plant should not get sick. As for insects, they often fly from other diseased plants, which is why processing should be carried out as carefully as possible.
- If the room is too humid, and the air temperature is higher than the recommended for primrose growth, then the plant may begin to hurt. At the same time, flowers can dry and fall quickly, and the leaves turn yellow. To correct this situation can only move the plant to a more suitable place.
- If insects are planted on the plant: a spider mite or whitefly, then special quick-acting insecticides can be used, which immediately have a detrimental effect on parasites of this kind.
- If the scale insect attacked, then before you start processing the plant, insects should be collected manually. All manipulations with insecticides should be carried out only in protective gloves and a mask.
Excessive humidity in the room and very frequent spraying of the plant can cause the development of a fungal disease on it. This is usually gray rot. It is characterized by the appearance of noticeable gray spots on the leaves of the plant. Special phytopreparations and properly selected dressings can get rid of this ailment. Cutting sites of affected leaves are recommended to be processed with crushed activated carbon.
About the primrose "Akaulis", see the video below.