Owners of small apartments can appreciate the attic bed. How can you make it yourself? How to organize an adult work area with this wooden bed? Read about it later.
Why are these models attractive?
Today, the use of an attic bed is more relevant than ever. First of all, the need to save living space comes first, especially when it is necessary to organize a work or play area, but there are no free squares.
Of course, various transformer furniture has already been invented. Of course, she cannot solve the main problems, but still helps in something. But making it yourself is very difficult.
A very good help in organizing an economical sleeping and working place is provided by an attic bed.
It is simple in its design and can be organically integrated into various types of interiors. As a result, both adults and children have the opportunity to find personal space for themselves, even in apartments that are small in terms of living space.
The design of the loft bed is not very complicated, but it gives a lot of room for imagination.
First of all, it is a deck chair, which is fixed at a height of 120 to 180 cm, depending on the height of the ceilings and the wishes of the owner. Since such designs have passed the test of time, observing certain rules, we can say that they are quite stable and durable.
The organization of the bed is such that the sleeping place is on the upper tier, while a work or play area can be organized under it.
They can perfectly fit here:
- computer desk and chair;
- a desk at which it is convenient to do homework;
- bookcase or shelves with books;
- chest or drawers for storing things and toys.
If the child is still small, then under the bed you can build a small house with a place for games. This may become his personal territory. Naturally, you need to take into account the age and interests of who will be the owner of such a bed.
Materials and tools for manufacturing
Naturally, when there is a desire and free time, and also want to save a little, you can assemble an attic bed yourself. What does that require? First of all, quality materials. The first step is to decide whether the bed will be made of wood or metal.
Wooden, at the price of materials and the manufacturing method, will be much cheaper. In addition, this is due to the simplicity of wood processing. It is much easier to purchase and prepare.
In addition, wood products are lighter and require virtually no additional processing. While the frame made of metal will require not only the experience of the welder and the apparatus itself, but also the preliminary processing and preparation of the material used.
When choosing a wooden bed construction, you need to know that this will require specially treated bars and boards made of solid wood. You can use MDF, fiberboard, chipboard or particleboard.
So, these materials can be used to organize home-made chests of drawers and shelves, a desk or computer desk on the first level. On the second, you can use the material as a decorative wall decoration or the organization of additional shelves.
If you choose wooden blanks, you should pay attention to such wood species as pine, and it should be of 1 grade. Beech or oak is more expensive, but more durable.
When choosing a beam, you need to pay attention to its cross section. For a bed to be reliable, it is necessary that it be 100x100 mm. More reiki will be needed. With their help, the staircase railing will be trimmed. The required thickness should be between 20-30 mm.
When purchasing boards, pay attention to whether they are planed, have passed the impregnation or not. In some cases, you can give dimensions, which will allow you to get them in a fully finished form.
To make the bottom of the bed, you can use a thick plywood sheet. It is worth saying that despite all the advantages of plywood, it is still recommended to use the bottom of the racks located on special holders. They are made with the help of rails and boards.
In addition to wooden blanks, it is necessary to take care of the acquisition of materials with which the fasteners of the structure will be carried out.
This list will include:
- screws of various lengths. In this case, it is advisable to choose products equipped with a countersunk head;
- nails for decoration;
- wood glue;
- stain, varnishes and paint. In some cases, a self-adhesive decorative film may be suitable.
From tools it is worth taking care of such as:
- jigsaw or circular saw;
- drill with various drills and nozzles;
- everything for grinding, namely sandpaper with fine grain, a grinder with nozzles;
- hammer, chisel and clamp;
- tape measure, long ruler;
- the level is large and small.
If such tools are not at hand, then you can rent them, borrow them from friends or try to replace them with an affordable one.
In some cases, acquiring timber and boards, planks, you can pre-stipulate their preliminary treatment with stain. If you haven’t agreed before, then it’s not difficult to do it yourself. The stain will not only protect the tree, but also give it an interesting shade.
The apparent simplicity of the design implies several options. First of all, you should decide on the size of the bed.
For example, for children under 5 years old, it is recommended to use sizes of 70x160 cm, in extreme cases, up to 120 cm. Students and teenagers can make a bed with the following dimensions: 90x200 cm or 140x200 cm, with a height of up to 180 cm.
If we consider only the basic models, then they can be divided into three designs.
Each of them will differ in the way of fastening:
- On four pillars . Its convenience lies in the fact that it can be transferred as needed. At the same time, for the manufacture it is required to calculate well the height of the bed relative to the ceiling. The thing is that the child should sit quite freely, without risking to hit the ceiling. And therefore it is worth doing everything with a margin at once, because children have the property to grow.
- It has two pillars and a wall mount . Differs in higher stability and profitability in assembly as materials are saved. It is worthwhile to understand that moving such a bed will be very difficult, if not impossible. It is for this reason that the maximum bed length and location features should be considered in advance.
- Mounting takes place directly to the ceiling . On the one hand, this is the most original way to place an attic bed, but on the other hand, it will require accurate calculations, including with respect to fixing methods.
Now it’s worth analyzing the execution methods in more detail. Most often, the first and second designs are chosen. They are simpler and more understandable in assembly and use. These options make it possible to organize a space with a working area there, not only for adults, but also for children and adolescents.
The third option is more complicated, and therefore it is better not to collect it yourself, so that later it would not be insulting for the time and money spent.
Among the main nuances of all three structures is the staircase. And since this is an attic, which means it is located at some distance from the floor, you can not do without it. When considering how to install a staircase, you need to understand that several options are possible.
First of all - placement at a certain angle to the floor. This option is the safest, but it will take away some space from the room. The staircase can be vertical, while it is worthwhile to understand that for small children this option simply does not fit.
An interesting, but more complex option is to make the stairs from several compartments of the cabinets that form the steps.
By way of placement, the staircase can be installed immediately on the facade, and it does not matter which side, convenience is important or directly at the end. In this case, take care of the side from the front.
After the most suitable model is selected, the drawing and calculation of the necessary materials are performed. And only after that you can contact construction and furniture stores for everything you need to do it yourself.
Having a drawing with all sizes on hand, making a bed is not so difficult, especially if they are all accurate, and the purchased material is of good quality and well prepared.
For this reason, when selecting material, you need to choose those boards and bars that have gone through drying and have a moisture level of 18%. Otherwise, in the very near future, the tree will begin to crack, crack and warp.
Before you begin to mount the structure, it will be necessary to sand all elements of the future bed well with sandpaper or a grinder. In this case, all available sharp corners and chips are removed.
Do not pre-drill or cut holes. It is better to do this during the assembly process, which will reduce the amount of waste and scrap. In addition, before connecting, it is recommended to coat all holes with special glue.
As supports, it is required to have a processed beam in the cross section of 100x100 cm. It will go to the support posts and the frame. The frame itself will be a supporting beam with an external board of the side.
They are attached to the posts using a screw connection. Metal corners can be used for this, especially for support bars. And do not forget to check which vertical by the bed. To do this, use a square.
In order to make the design more reliable, all supports should be fixed at a height of about 30–40 cm.
To do this, use rails that are fixed at the ends and on the back wall. Do not forget about the rails of the fence. They will depend on the age of the child. After all, the hovering structure is located high above the floor, and safety will be in the first place here.
The video below details how to assemble an attic bed for a small child.