Frame construction is becoming more and more popular every year. Houses of this type are in no way inferior to log houses, they are just as warm, strong and durable. And their main advantage is a large selection of materials for the decoration of facades. Each of them has its own characteristics. You can do some installation yourself, while others require a more professional approach. Consider the varieties of natural and synthetic materials for exterior cladding, their pros and cons.
High-quality facade decoration plays an important role in the construction of frame houses. Not only the external design of the house depends on the selected material, but also its resistance to external environmental factors. This is due to the fact that the wood used in the construction of walls quickly absorbs moisture. Therefore, without external coating, the life of the building is markedly reduced.
The wooden frame is the supporting base that distributes the load through structures such as racks, beams, rafters, crossbars, etc. The foundation in such houses is usually columnar or pile, and they are characterized by a small subsidence of structures.
Wood is a fairly flexible material, because of which there can be distortions and distortions in the geometry of the building. Therefore, the facing material must be flexible enough so that during shrinkage the coating remains solid.
Despite the fact that frame structures are good with a variety of finishes, there are certain requirements for the choice of material. One of the main disadvantages of wooden structures is poor heat retention. And if metal was chosen as the basis, heat loss will become an even bigger problem. This is worth considering.
Selected structures should reliably protect the walls of the house and the roof from wind, precipitation, temperature extremes. Most modern materials also have excellent sound and noise insulation qualities, which is important both for buildings located in the city and for country houses.
First of all, it is necessary to select the facing material based on its technical characteristics. However, the selected material should also be in harmony with other elements of the building and fit well into the exterior of the site.
Types of materials
DSP (cement-bonded) and OSB (oriented-bonded) slabs are needed not so much for decorative decoration as for hardening the walls. Today they can be called the most popular among analog materials.
The panels are glued wood chips and wood chips. Their feature is that the fibers in the outer layers are located longitudinally, and inside - transversely. As an adhesive composition, synthetic-based resins and wax are used, thanks to which the plates are not afraid of moisture. Facing the facade with drywall is no less successful option. The end result will be no worse than the previous one.
OSB or TsSP panels are a high-quality and budget option that can give the facade design strength and reliability. Panels are low-combustible materials, they do not ignite, do not smoke and do not spread flame. They are also resistant to mold, able to withstand minor mechanical damage and are not afraid of insects.
This is no less common material that customers love because of ease of installation, durability and aesthetic appearance. The material is included in the list of inexpensive, but at the same time it has excellent technical characteristics.
There are plastic, vinyl, metal and PVC siding. To trim the exterior walls of the building with plastic siding is not a problem. It is easy to install and suitable for facing single-storey and multi-storey buildings; therefore, it is often used for decorating facades of municipal and private buildings. Of the minuses of this material, a low level of strength can be noted. It is easy to break it with one blow or a sharp careless movement.
A more durable version is considered to be made of metal. It has all the advantages of plastic material, in addition, it has an elegant palette of colors. Of the minuses, it can be noted that it is easily susceptible to the appearance of rust and creates noise during rain. Usually, metal siding is coated on top with polymer. This helps to extend the life of the material and, accordingly, the whole house.
Siding is to be painted. You can also purchase ready-made colored material.
A block house is a great imitation of logs. From afar it will seem that the house is indeed built of solid wood. Only a professional can guess that the wall surface is wooden only from the outside.
The block house is an environmentally friendly building material. It is considered one of the varieties of carriage-type boards and resembles a log in appearance. Inside, a heat-insulating mineral wool insulation is hidden. That is why the block house is recognized as a high-tech material.
Sheathing the building outside with such material is not difficult. Thanks to the convenient fastening system, the tongue-and-groove panels fit snugly together. And if necessary, any damaged element can be replaced.
If you plan to build a durable facility, the material will need protection from getting wet. Typically, the block house is folded under the roof and treated with special impregnation from decay.
For cladding, a single firing tile is used. She does not lose popularity for decades. This is due to the excellent appearance and performance of the material. Clinker is similar to a traditional tile, but at the same time it has increased frost resistance, although it has a smaller thickness than ordinary ceramics.
Modern manufacturers offer a wide range of tiles. The variety of shapes and colors allows you to choose the best option for any design.
As hinged structures, thermal panels are used. This is a special material with a layer. As a rule, panels are installed on a metal frame, and the space between the wall and the decorative panel is sealed with a special insulation. Most customer reviews talk about the simplicity and ease of installation of hinged structures.
Many people choose this option, as they are 100% sure of its high technical performance. The use of panels helps to solve the problem of sound insulation, and the exterior of the building will look strictly and accurately. There are two types of hinged structures: ventilated and non-ventilated.
Natural and artificial stone
These materials are referred to more expensive methods for facing frame buildings. Due to the high cost of natural raw materials and its difficulty in installing, this type of finish is rare. The most affordable option is laying artificial stone.
The material is made in the form of small plates made of natural chips and resin, the texture of which exactly mimics the pattern of stone. With it, you can perform masonry, which from a distance is almost impossible to distinguish from natural.
This material is represented by three types:
Silicate brick will cost the least, but facing with ceramic products will look more "elegant" and solemn. The brick can be solid and hollow. The second option has excellent energy-saving features, so it is often chosen for facade decoration.
Brick can not be called unpretentious material. Laying should be carried out only in the warm season. And before carrying out work, it is worthwhile to accurately calculate the amount of material, since the color of the new batch may differ from the color of the previous one.
Stucco and painting
This method of external cladding is not suitable for long-term use. As a rule, plywood or OSB panels are needed for plastering, which in the future are still covered with more durable material.
Plastering is necessary to protect the panels or walls from getting wet. Therefore, the finishing stage is painting the walls on top of the plaster. It is worth noting that even high-quality paint does not give a lasting effect. After 3-4 years, the cladding will begin to crack, repair of the coating will be required.
Wet cladding in frame construction is used along with additional insulation with foam boards. When choosing, it is important not to confuse the boards for the outer cladding with the material for the interior. The necessary panels for exterior wall decoration are marked with the letter "f".
When installing the foam plate, the joint is glued to the joint. For their best adhesion to the primer, the surface is treated with a sandpaper. After the material is fixed, a special glue is applied to its surface, into which the fiberglass mesh is “embedded”. After that, all the material is coated with a sand-based quartz primer and plaster is applied.
There are many options for wall outer cladding. Properly selected material is a guarantee of the durability and comfort of the frame building.
The choice depends on several factors:
- climate of the region;
- insulation material of the frame house.
The budget available to the owner of the building is an individual factor. However, it is worth considering that the most expensive material is not always the most effective and practical. For example, if you want to achieve a magnificent view of the facade, you can clad the house with a block house. However, this material requires some care. Once every several years, the coating must be treated with special antiseptics and paints. Otherwise, the tree will lose its beauty and strength. Nevertheless, despite the demand for care, a block house will cost much more than siding.
The climate of the region has a greater influence on the choice of material than any other factor. For damp and rainy terrain, wood cladding is not the best option. In cold conditions, the use of metal siding should be avoided, giving preference to natural materials.
If mineral wool was chosen as a heater, then finishing can be carried out only with tiled material. Options such as plastering or staining are no longer suitable. It is better to give preference to siding, block house, lining. And if the insulation was carried out using foam, then the plaster can be applied directly to the sheets.
- Facing the facade of a frame house with siding is one of the most popular options today. A wide palette of colors allows you to choose the optimal shade for each case. The most popular are light and dark brown, olive, gray, beige shades.
- Making any building look like a luxury mansion is easy - the block house always looks amazing. The only negative - the interior decoration of the house should be appropriate.
- Brick is another option for a beautiful facade design. Among the many design options, combinations of contrasting shades are especially popular.
- To make the facade of the house original, you can use plates from TsSP. This is a great way to experiment with design.
In this video, you will find a master class on facing the facade of the house with clinker tiles.