Violet "LE-Beautiful Creole" refers to the genus Saintpaulia. These herbaceous plants are not related to the usual indoor violet , but for convenience this flower will be called in this article . Sometimes the Saintpolis is called the Uzambara violet, which also does not make two of these plants in any way . Even the growing conditions of these two crops are significantly different.
Variety "LE-Beautiful Creole" is characterized by very interesting colors in a deep blue hue with a green fringed frame. The size of the buds is about 5 cm in diameter. In too warm conditions, the color of the border looks dull, in cold weather the petals are filled with a bright juicy color. Flowering undulating, lasts more than a month. The buds themselves bloom quite slowly.
Peduncles are burgundy, very stable, so they fit a lot of flowers. With a deficit of light, flower stalks are directed in different directions. The variety blooms with a bouquet, but does not form a large hat.
Quilted leaves, have a dark green color, are covered with a light pile, the edges are slightly wavy. The socket is symmetrical, smooth, neat, usually has a diameter of 25-30 cm.
Conditions of detention
To violet pleased with plentiful full flowering, it is necessary to provide it with the correct conditions of detention.
- Provide a “creole” with a 14-hour daylight in summer and a 10-12 hour in winter. To get natural moderate light, it is recommended to put the flower pot on the east or west side. If the culture is grown on the south window, it is important to create a shadow area for it, otherwise ultraviolet rays can cause burns on the leaves. In winter, experienced gardeners are advised to resort to phyto- or fluorescent lamps.
- The optimum temperature at which the variety will feel comfortable is + 23 + 25 degrees in the summer and + 18 + 20 degrees in the winter. Keep in mind that under too warm conditions during flowering, the violet will not be able to please the brightest beauty of the buds.
- The humidity indicator for growing "creole" is 50-60%. To achieve the desired level, you can systematically spray water in the room. Try to avoid getting water on the plant. The leaves of the violet have a fleecy texture, which is why water lingers on the surface and does not evaporate for a long time, which can lead to decay. Also to maintain humidity indicators will help household humidifiers, decorative fountains. To save the situation in a dry room will help even the container with water placed next to the pot.
Special attention should be paid to the Creole rules. It must be borne in mind that the senpolia is actively developing in wide, but small capacities. The optimum diameter of the pot is 8-10 cm, the volume is 0.3 liters. If a large pot is selected for transplantation, then the flower grower may not rely on fast flowering. The fact is that the violet begins to bloom only after its roots fill the entire volume of the container. A Creole transplant is needed every year. Young flowers are transplanted twice - in spring and autumn.
When replanting, the lower wilted leaves are eliminated, the stem is deepened into the ground to the level of the lower leaves.
Saintpaulia prefers to develop in loose soil with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. More often experienced flower growers recommend buying the finished mixture with the addition of vermiculite or perlite as additional soil for additional loosening. If the soil is prepared independently, then you can use the following recipe: mix peat (3 parts), leafy soil (5 parts), sand (1 part), sphagnum moss (1 part), vermiculite (0.5 part), charcoal (1 part).
Do not use street soil, as it contains a large number of fungi, bacteria, larvae. It is better to take land from a forest located far from the city. In order to rid the soil of larvae and germs as much as possible, it is recommended to calcine it in the oven or microwave. To transplant a violet, follow these steps:
- Gently pull the plant out of the old soil, inspect the roots for rotten and wilted parts. Wash off the ground from the roots, disinfect them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Remove the lifeless parts. If after cleaning the root system has become smaller, then change the prepared new pot to a container of a smaller diameter.
- At the bottom of the container, lay out a drainage layer at least 4 cm high. Pour new soil, deepen the plant to the lower leaves.
- For a couple of days, cover the pot with plastic wrap with holes. This process will retain moisture in the soil. You can not water the flower for the first 2 days after transplanting.
- If a plant needs an unplanned transplant, for example, during acidification of the soil after waterlogging, it is important to cut off all the flowers, since after the transplant, the crop should spend all its energy on rooting and adaptation, and not on flowering.
Diseases and Pests
Familiarize yourself with the signs of the most common ailments and pests of Saintpaulia, as well as with methods to combat them.
- If brown spots have formed on the leaves, then this may be an infection with late blight. The high humidity of the soil and air, as well as the low temperature in the room could provoke the disease. Spraying the plant at an early stage will be helped by spraying with Hom and Oxychom. If the flower is severely affected by the disease, then it can no longer help.
- Seeing the brown petioles on the leaves, we can assume that the plant fell ill with Fusarium. The disease is provoked by waterlogging, cold water, sharp fluctuations in temperature. The drug "Fundazol" will help to cope with the disease.
- White plaque on the leaves indicates the presence of powdery mildew. This ailment is caused by a lack of light, cool air, a lack of phosphorus and potassium, and excess potassium. Save the plant will help the means "Forecast", "Topaz" or spraying with copper sulfate.
- If the florist noticed that the leaves were gnawed, brown or black dots formed on the leaf plate, then the plant was probably attacked by thrips. The drugs Fitoverm, Actellik, and Aktara will help cope with them.
- Reddish-brown spots and deformation of the leaves can indicate a defeat of the flower by the mealybug . Individuals can be seen with the naked eye, insects are white in color. Destroy the pest will allow funds "Alatar", "Aktara", "Fitoverm", "Actellik."
- Sticky coating and brown spots on the leaf indicate an aphid attack. To eliminate insects, the plant can be washed with soapy water, and then sprayed with Mospilan or Aktellik.
To protect the plant from diseases and pests, it is important to follow methods of prevention.
- Leave a copy purchased in the flower department in quarantine for at least a month. In this case, brought diseases and pests will not be able to infect neighboring plants.
- If the grower suspects the presence of a disease or a flower is damaged by a pest, it is recommended to spray the culture with Fitoverm or Fitosporin. They will not cause harm, even if the plant was still healthy.
- When replanting, do not forget to calcine new soil every time.
- Maintain the temperature indicated above, do not keep the violet in a too cold or very humid room.
To learn how to grow the violet "LE-Beautiful Creole", see the next video.