Plants in the usual form for us no longer surprise anyone, but this does not apply to predatory specimens. Such a unique creation of nature, like a venus flytrap, can interest everyone. Consider the process of growing this unusual flower from seeds in more detail.
"Dionea" is scientifically called muscipula, which in Latin means "mousetrap." It is believed that scientists who first saw and described this plant gave it the wrong name. In Russia, this interesting creature received the beautiful name "Venus flytrap", given in honor of the Roman goddess of love and plants. The life span of this flower can be up to 30 years, and all these years it looks very impressive and unusual.
On a short stalk there are no more than 7 leaves, having a size of 3 to 7 cm, collected in a bunch. In nature, this flower grows in swamps with low levels of nitrogen in the soil. This disadvantage of this substance is compensated by eating nitrogen-containing insects. For hunting them, the plant has leaves - traps.
After flowering, they begin to appear on short stems. The trap has a greenish tint on the outside and a reddish color on the inside. It resembles a “trap” formed from two leaves. At the edges there are small hairs resembling teeth. They allow you to tightly close the trap when triggered, so that the prey could not get out. Inside the trap are special glands that produce juice, which attracts prey.
The victim is trapped to collect this juice. At this time, the smallest hairs feel the presence of prey, and the trap instantly closes. After complete closure, the "trap" turns into a kind of stomach and begins to digest the victim. After a week of digestion, the trap opens again, and it is ready for a new hunt. This cycle continues several times, after which the trap dies.
At home, it is most often possible to grow a venus flytrap precisely by germinating seeds, but this is not the only option for propagating this plant. Breeders managed to breed this flower by:
- division of bushes;
The bush takes root after the formation of the root system. Until this happens, small processes without traps can be separated from the main bush and transplanted. The same thing happens with the bulbs, only they go deep by ¾ so that nothing interferes with the sprouts.
It is worth noting that these processes are very similar, and all of them require very careful handling of the roots.
Seed collection and preparation
Given the characteristics of this plant and its rarity in the collections of flower growers of our country, the best way to grow will be seed. Sowing material can be purchased in many online stores or directly from breeders.
The described crop begins to bloom in spring or early summer. On long peduncles beautiful white flowers are formed.
The flowering process is very energy-consuming for the plant, and these flowers should be left only if there is a need for the collection of seeds.
This flower cannot be pollinated at home, and in this he needs help:
- after opening the flower, you need to take a small brush with soft hair;
- collect pollen from the selected flower on the brush;
- most accurately transfer the collected material to the pistil of another flower;
- such pollination must be done with each flower.
After successful pollination, after about 1 month, the first seeds may begin to appear. The fruits of the venus flytrap, or "Dionei", are racemose. Inside one ovary, there can be from 10 to 25 seeds of black color. They ripen even after harvesting from the plant. Proper planting is necessary no earlier than 3-4 months after the pollination process.
Even if you use purchased seeds, you need to stratify them or, in other words, “activate” them before sowing . To do this, they must be laid out on a cloth or cotton pad moistened with 1% potassium permanganate solution. Next, they need to be removed for 8 weeks in a dark place with a constant temperature of 3 to 6 ° C.
For these purposes, a refrigerator is well suited. Just not a freezer - there the seeds will freeze and die.
The best time to plant seeds is February. This period was not chosen by chance, since the seeds planted at this time will have time to grow stronger by the beginning of summer, and they can be transplanted into separate pots.
Growing a house of prey flower from a seed to a full flower is quite difficult, but if you approach this issue responsibly, know certain rules, this task will become much easier. For planting, a low pot with a capacious tray for frequent watering is selected.
It is advisable to choose a container of transparent materials, you can use the aquarium to achieve the effect of the greenhouse.
Properly planted seeds should be:
- at the bottom of the pot you need to put a substrate or moss sphagnum and spill it well with water;
- the seeds just need to be spread out on the surface, and not buried in the ground, then cover the pot with transparent material or glass;
- place the container with seeds in a well-lit place - for the appearance of sprouts, a temperature of at least + 24 ° C is necessary.
If all conditions are met, then the first leaves will appear in 14-40 days. The speed of their appearance depends on external factors and soil quality. Throughout the germination period, ventilation of the soil, regular watering through the sump, and spraying the plant to increase the level of humidity will be required.
When caring for the plant described, even experienced gardeners have certain problems associated with its direct content.
- Due to excess moisture in the soil, dark spots may appear on the shoots, which indicates their decay. If you do not urgently adjust the watering regime, then the fungus will develop, and the flower may die.
- For irrigation, you can not use ordinary tap water and fertilizers with a high level of minerals for ornamental plants. Otherwise, leaf wilting and gradual death of the plant will begin.
- It is undesirable to touch the trap itself with your hands, overfeed the flower and try to feed it with food.
- With direct exposure to direct sunlight, dark spots may appear. They can be removed only by adjusting the light intensity.
Before the beginning of the rest period, the leaves may turn yellow or whiten. Since this flower hibernates at temperatures from +2 to + 10 ° С, it is problematic to create such conditions in an apartment. The way out of this situation will be loose (you can make several holes in the bag for air circulation), wrap the flower in a plastic bag and put it in the lower compartment of the refrigerator in a place for fruit, where the temperature is slightly higher than in the rest of the space and keeps at + 5 ° WITH. But do not forget about it, periodically it is necessary to check the soil and maintain it in a slightly wet state. You should not worry about lighting, because the plant does not need it for a period of rest.
After a successful wintering, the described plant must be adapted again to heat. When the temperature in the daytime reaches from +5 to + 10 ° С on the balcony, the flycatcher can be sent to fresh air. But be careful and monitor the temperature. If frost is expected at night, put the plant back in the refrigerator, otherwise it will freeze. "Dionea" departs from the winter very slowly. After the refrigerator, it may seem that she did die. Gradually, she will begin to produce small leaves. In late spring, the growth rate of leaves increases. When a large number of leaf plates appear, you can start feeding her insects.
The described plant is very picky about the structure of water. It can be watered only with distilled water from a pharmacy. It can also be obtained from the moonshine still.
Never use tap water in any form - neither settled, boiled, nor frozen will do.
This plant is very fond of a humid climate, so it is advisable that it always has a little water in the pan. To create more comfortable living conditions, it can be placed in an aquarium.
You will learn more about planting a venus flytrap with seeds.