The habitat of most ornamental plants of the Hosta Wide Brim species is East Asia. At the beginning of the century before last, the host became widespread around the world and is currently of interest to many gardeners. The reason for this is an attractive appearance that can decorate any flower bed.
The Wide Brim is a compact perennial medium-sized shrub with beautiful leaves and plentiful flowering. The hybrid host was bred in 1979 thanks to the efforts of Dutch breeders. The plant is widely used for decoration of garden areas. It is popular because of its decorative appearance and unpretentiousness.
Culture has characteristic features.
- The height of the host grows to 60 cm with a bush circumference of 70–90 cm.
- The crown of the plant is dense and dense, characterized by rapid growth.
- The size of the leaves is 16X21 cm, the leaf plates are heart-shaped. The surface with characteristic grooves of light green color, decorated with a golden edging.
- Flowering culture begins in July and lasts until September.
- The drooping bell-shaped flowers with a pleasant specific aroma are collected in inflorescences resembling brushes. They are located on a high straight stalk.
- Petals of flowers have a delicate pale lilac color.
A scope - gardening of lawns, registration of a club and flower beds, Alpine hills, a frame of garden paths and artificial reservoirs.
When choosing a shrub for planting in your garden, you should know that the host “Wide Brim" grows well in both lighted and shaded places .
An indispensable condition is the absence of drafts and protection from the wind.
You can plant a plant next to fruit trees that can protect the host from the sun with their shade. Hosta Wide Brim loves loose, drained soils with an acidified composition. In order for the bush to develop well, the earth in the near-stem circle should not dry out. An increased amount of moisture is necessary for the plant during the formation of inflorescences. In addition, the size of the leaves depends on humidity. A signal for urgent irrigation can serve as a darkening of their tips.
Landing rules include:
- placement of 3-5 bushes per 1 m 2;
- Before planting, you must carefully dig up the ground, remove weeds, acidify the soil, if it is neutral;
- the soil must be enriched with fertile garden or leaf soil;
- planting hosta seedlings - grown seedlings - is carried out in early September;
- between the pits corresponding to the size of the roots, keep a distance of 50 cm;
- after laying the drainage layer, mineral dressings and organics are added.
Finishing the planting, the soil is generously watered, the trunk space is mulched with wood chips.
Young plants need attention, regular agricultural work will be required to ensure their adaptation.
- Bushes are watered early in the morning, making sure that the topsoil does not dry out. However, it is important that the water does not stagnate: this leads to damage to the root system. An indicator of a lack of moisture can be the dropping of branches and leaves, their laying on the ground.
- If the soil is depleted, and before planting, additional portions of humus were not added to it, top dressing is necessary. Fresh organic substances do not contribute, since they can cause burns, only rotted manure and compost are used. And also the compositions intended for decorative and deciduous perennial crops are applicable. Has a beneficial effect on the growth and flowering of hosts watering the soil with a solution of drugs "Ideal", "Biohumus." This should be done when forming flowers, and 2 more times during the growing season of the plant.
- Weeding and loosening is carried out as necessary, maintaining the friability required for moisture and air permeability of the earth.
- In autumn, hosts are pruned. This can be done after the blooming of the bells. It is necessary to cut off part of the peduncles with flowers, and later dried up residues should be completely cut off closer to winter. This procedure is also valid in the spring, when damaged and blackened leaves are removed at the same time - in the autumn they do not need to be touched.
- The host “Side Brim” should be transplanted in the fall. Pre-abundantly irrigate the bush to make it easier to extract. When transplanting, potassium sulfate, "Superphosphate" and saltpeter (15–20 g) are placed in the planting pit. If a dividend is placed, then the depth is provided for it the same as for the original plant. After that, the soil is mulched with peat and watered every 3 days.
- For the winter period, the culture, as a rule, is not covered with anything, but the trunk circle is carefully covered with mulch.
Due to the peculiar coloring of the original bushes hosts are always popular among gardeners. Demand for this culture is also high because usually there are no problems with its cultivation. For breeding, you can use ready-made planting material, but also take advantage of the already growing shrubs. The vegetative method is most preferable, it makes it possible to obtain large and well-flowering plants. True, for this you will have to be patient, because the crown increases within 1–2 years.
You can share the hosts: they throw away shoots every 2 years, but it is better to do this every 4–5 years, starting from the age of 3 of the culture.
A good dividend must have at least 3 outlets, and if many seedlings are not required, the mother plant is not dug up, carefully separating the shoot from it with a sharp shovel.
Cuttings are harvested from May to June, when the growing season is active, and the leaves have already grown, and they take well detachable, mature shoots with a “heel”. The leaves are cut 1/3, then the cuttings are planted in greenhouses until rooting, and only after that they are determined in a permanent place.
Not the most reliable method of reproduction - seed, because the germination of seedlings is very low. In addition, this is a time-consuming process involving hardening, treatment with a growth stimulator and the creation of greenhouse conditions, which must be maintained continuously for several weeks. Then there is picking and growing for a year. In open ground, plants are transplanted only in the second year.
If you first started cultivating hosts, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the tips of experienced farmers from the next video.