Among gladioli, there are about 8,000 varieties. One of the most popular is Priscilla, it is loved for its large, original buds. Just one branch is enough to create a beautiful bouquet.
The Priscilla gladiolus is distinguished by large triangular-shaped flowers. Velvet petals have corrugated edges and a gradient color - from white in the middle to pink or crimson at the tips.
The flower is powerful, tall, on one peduncle up to 15 buds. So that the gladiolus does not break, it is necessary to tie it to the support.
It blooms after planting after 2.5 months. In regions with a cool and temperate climate, this period increases to 85-90 days. The plant is moody in the care.
Adult bulbs must be prepared a month before planting, children - 2 weeks. They should be planted separately, including in the ground. Adult gladioli have a more powerful root system and will begin to take nutrients from the "young".
Bulbs should be peeled and immersed in a solution of potassium permanganate for several minutes (0.5 g of potassium permanganate per 1 liter of water). This will protect them from thrips and fungus. Then drop into a box and leave in a well-lit place.
For gladioli it is recommended to prepare a site in a sunny place, but without open draft. It is best to plant them on a former bed of zinnia, dahlias, marigolds or a former bed of garlic, onions, and legumes.
In no case should not be planted in the ground, where asters, nightshade and root crops grew before that.
The earth needs to be well plowed up to 40 cm deep, to fertilize and mulch. If the soil is too acidic, then add crushed shells from raw chicken eggs (boiled will not work) or chalk . On alkaline soil the plant will hurt. Low acid soil is recommended. Of fertilizers, nitrogen must be added - they are responsible for active growth. In this case, it is important not to overdo it, otherwise the gladiolus will give a lot of tops and will bloom badly.
Bulbs are planted to a depth of 10 cm at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other. As already mentioned, adults and children bulbs are planted in separate rows.
How to care?
As soon as the first sheets of Priscilla appear, in addition to nitrogen, potash fertilizers must be added. They are responsible for metabolism, increase resistance to low temperatures, strengthen immunity. Gladioli should be fed regularly, 2 times a month.
When the 6th sheet appears, phosphate fertilizers are added to the top dressing. It is phosphorus that is responsible for the formation of buds and flowering. With a lack of flower stalks, weak ones are formed, buds are few, and they bloom poorly. As soon as the plant blooms, you should stop applying nitrogen fertilizers.
It is better to fertilize gladioli in the evening or early in the morning when there is no active sun, followed by mandatory watering. For better assimilation of fertilizing, it is necessary to loosen the soil between the rows every decade. Watering itself is sufficient once a week or every 2-3 days in hot weather.
If it rained after top dressing, then after a week the fertilizers are reapplied. Precipitation leaches nutrients or carries deep into the soil, where the gladiolus rhizomes cannot reach.
In early September, as soon as the gladiolus fades, it is necessary to cut the peduncles. During this period, children form, and greens can pull nutrients on themselves. From fertilizers, phosphorus should be excluded and nitrogen should be returned.
Bulbs of gladioli "Priscilla" do not winter in the open ground. Before cooling, they must be dug up, dried and stored all winter in a dark, cool place. In the spring, it is recommended to plant the plant in a new area, leave a maximum for the second year.
Gladioli are propagated by bulbs. There is also a seed method and dividing the bulbs, but they are practically not used. During seed propagation, breeders do not guarantee that a flower with the same sets of genes will be obtained. This is true for hybrid varieties, which include Priscilla. But for the sake of experiment, you can try.
In the first year, seeds are planted, which should grow into small bulbs. Then they are dug up and dried. In the second year, they are again planted so that they turn into full-fledged bulbs. And only in the third year the gladiolus will bloom. It turns out that the seed method is long and does not give a guaranteed result.
Bulb division is also rarely used, as there is a risk of spoiling the planting material. Therefore, growing children is the fastest and most effective breeding option, in which all the characteristics of the variety are preserved.
In late August - early September, tubercles begin to form at the base of the mature bulb. Therefore, mature bulbs should be dug carefully. Children are separated, dried and stored separately.
Since the gladioli of Priscilla are tall and the stems are even, beautiful corridors are obtained from them. Plants can be planted along garden paths or made from them a hedge.
Original and ceremonial look gladioli in flower pots. The latter should be deep so that the bulbs are not crowded.
If you create flower islands, then gladioli are placed in the center of the flower bed or in the background. They feel great next to perennials, in particular, with dahlias.
About the Priscilla gladiolus, see the video below.