Having received the keys to the long-awaited country house or cottage, the happy owners make a lot of efforts to make their home as convenient, comfortable and safe as possible. Any house or apartment starts from the front door, and if we are talking about an individual country house, then her choice should be carefully considered. The role here is played by the preferences and financial capabilities of the buyer, the design of the building, the purpose of the private house (summer or permanent residence) and its location.
It is advisable to start choosing the front door for a private house or cottage by determining its type. You can choose according to the purpose, method of opening and material of manufacture.
Differences in purpose may be as follows.
- Armored. They are used when possible penetration into the structures and premises of outsiders, the dangers of armed attack. The feature is its ability to withstand the effects of firearms and explosives. Externally, they do not differ from ordinary ones, they can look simple, or vice versa, have the most refined design. The armored structure is made of durable grades of steel (armor plates), has a double box device, and is covered with decorative materials from the outside. The hinges are mounted hidden, and the awnings have an anti-removable design. By their characteristics, the structures are similar to burglar-proof. A subspecies of such doors is bulletproof, their feature is the presence of a bullet-containing fine-mesh mesh inside the canvas.
- Burglar-resistant. Resistant to hacking and penetration into the premises of strangers. They differ among themselves in resistance classes to the external damaging effects of various tools for a certain time. They are resistant to piercing, sawing and burning tools for breaking. The design is equipped around the perimeter with special locks and locks made of alloys of strong metal grades, protected by overlays and anti-removable pins (anti-cuts) that prevent removal from the opening if the loops and locks were cut.
- Fireproof. This type is designed to localize the fire and suppress the spread of fire and toxic products of combustion in the premises. It is advisable to install them in places with the highest probability of fires, with a large number of working electrical appliances. Unlike an ordinary door, such a door will not jam during a fire, its lock will not heat up to high temperatures and will allow it to be touched if necessary.
The manufacture provides for a series of special tests for fire resistance, the limit of which is always indicated in the normative and technical documentation. When choosing a model, it is worth considering the presence of smoke protection, low gas and smoke conduction.
- Sealed, heat and sound insulating. The soundproofing and sealing layer is designed to absorb sounds, moisture, unpleasant odors and cold air from the outside, for which purpose special materials (foam (polystyrene foam), polyurethane foam, mineral wool and similar materials are evenly placed between the layers at the production stage).
- Expanded polystyrene is the cheapest material, but it is low in density and belongs to the I group of combustibility.
- Polypropylene , urea-formaldehyde or phenol-formaldehyde materials are more dense and less susceptible to fire, but emit toxic volatile compounds when heated.
- Mineral stone or basalt wool is durable and has good performance, but with time it sags and is a source of carcinogenic compounds and therefore is not used by reliable manufacturers from Germany and the EU countries.
- Poor quality doors are often equipped as an insulating material with a fire hazardous and unreliable corrugated board .
The best insulating material currently recognized as polyurethane foam, which has a high density and hygroscopicity, group IV flammability and resistance to stress, temperature and humidity, does not emit hazardous substances, has minimal thermal conductivity and high sound absorbing properties. Boxes where polyurethane foam is pumped in a foamed state are considered to be of the highest quality, thus filling the entire space of the box.
When choosing a cottage door, buyers pay attention to its appearance. In addition to the choice of finishes for the outer and inner sides, you need to decide whether this door will be with or without a window, what is the size of the glass and whether additional reinforcement of the glass area is required by gratings. Glass is recommended to choose the type of triplex (laminated glass made by pressing) or armored. Such glasses are suitable for external glazing, withstand strong mechanical stress and provide good visibility.
Manufacturers offer various types of raw materials: metal, wood, combinations of materials with MDF, particleboard and fiberboard. It is worth considering that a one-piece coating of the canvas is more reliable than with seams. If seams are present, then their execution must be of the highest quality, otherwise they will become vulnerabilities.
When choosing combined options, you need to be sure of the quality of production, check the reviews about the manufacturer and his reputation in the market.
One of the main advantages in this case is external attractiveness, especially if valuable species of trees are used in the production, for example, oak, which is especially durable, or mulberry, which has high heat-saving properties. Pine - an affordable option, but quickly deteriorating. Another advantage of wooden products is their convenience for decoration and the ability to blend harmoniously into the suburban surroundings.
Modern manufacturing technologies can neutralize the shortcomings, and new technologies - to achieve the necessary strength and resistance to external influences.
However, a good warm wooden door is an expensive pleasure, and cheap options quickly become unusable and are suitable only for a summer house, where owners do not store valuables.
Convenience of plastic consists in the possibility in industrial conditions to give it the desired shape and individual size. In the manufacture of a plastic frame, an aluminum profile is used, which makes the product more durable and resistant to external influences, atmospheric phenomena. The aesthetic appearance does not change over time, and has a high service life.
The advantages can also include tightness, good noise-, hydro- and heat-insulating properties, easy installation and maintenance, ample opportunities when choosing a color scheme and an average price category, lack of condensation and icing. Proven manufacturers offer anti-burglary products.
It is considered a strong and durable material, it is widely used in production. Particular attention will require the quality of the metal coating. The consumer will have to face the occurrence of condensation due to the temperature difference between the street and the house. Metal structures finished with MDF panels can imitate natural wood, stone carving and many other materials.
Special processing fights against rotting, corrosion, so that such a design will decorate any interior.
Compared to wood, MDF is cheaper, lighter and not so capricious, while outwardly no less beautiful, especially when laminated with polymers. To comply with the insulation technology, panels should not be glued, but mounted on rails.
Regardless of the type of door, attention is required to log houses and timber houses, where installation must be done taking into account the shrinkage of the structure. Shrinkage can occur quickly and unevenly, and if you do not take this circumstance into account and fasten the frame to the beam, the door inevitably loses its functionality, does not enter the doorway or, conversely, hangs freely in it. To prevent this situation, a shrink board is placed in the opening of the box.
Before going to the store you need to find out the exact dimensions of the opening. Doors are standardly single-wing or one-and-a-half-door, less often double designs are offered. One and a half structures consist of the main standard canvas and a narrow second canvas, which has a more decorative function and rarely opens, if necessary.
Before ordering the model you like, you should either make all measurements yourself and provide them to the seller, or call the measurer at the installation site.
Such a service is provided universally by manufacturing companies. Standard Russian sizes are determined in accordance with SNiP and GOST, and the standards vary for wooden and metal structures.
Today, the market offers products not only domestic but also foreign manufacturers using their own standards and measurement systems in production. The most common are the English measurement system in feet and inches and the metric measurement system adopted in our country, based on SNiPs.
The color scheme for entry is selected depending on the selected material. After the basic characteristics of the canvas and the material from which it will be made are determined, the manufacturer will offer ready-made solutions and talk about additional custom positions. It can be exclusive color schemes.
Production technology allows today to experiment with color for any material used. This is partly a financial issue, but for budget models there is always a solution. The choice of color should be based on a harmonious combination with the walls and roof of the house.
For suburban buildings, natural colors are preferable, unless, of course, the structure itself is built in a bright catchy style using flashy color schemes.
Related Products and Accessories
Platbands masking the space between the door and the adjacent wall protect from drafts, moisture and give a finished look, carry an aesthetic component. The canvas comes with locks, bolts and heck mounted in it.
Locks can be overhead and mortise, have special systems of protection against breaking. When choosing a door, it is better to immediately pay attention to the quality and protection class of the lock.
Quality doors are equipped with anti-removable pins. In the absence of such pins, the door can be cut from the hinges or knocked out by hitting a special tool. The number of pins is selected depending on the weight and design features.
It is worth paying attention to the door handle, to determine its appearance and material. A door closer mechanism can be installed to extend the life of the door and fittings.
The buyer’s choice depends largely on the design decision, the design idea may require the installation of glass, patina decor or woodcarving, both genuine and artificial leather, leather, lining, laminated panels, MDF and microfiber fiber and many other materials can be used. Inexpensive, but high-quality door can look nice and tasteful and without the use of expensive materials.
An excellent inexpensive finishing option is an extremely stable and convenient powder coating, it is easy to care for and practically not susceptible to damage.
When finishing with plastic panels, a significant advantage is the ability to replace the decorative coating of the panels by the piece during the operation of the product. Wood trim always looks beautiful and appropriate outside the city.
The steel door, which has a vinyl leather finish that faithfully repeats the structure of genuine leather, has a presentable and sophisticated appearance. Sheathing of vinyl leather can be both on the inside and on the outside, the choice of colors and patterns of embossing will satisfy the most demanding demand. The lack of material is instability to mechanical damage, scratches and cuts. Premium and high-end products are more aesthetic.
Among other exclusive options for entrance doors, the following decoration methods are common.
- Airbrushing and artistic image on the canvas;
- Forging on a metal frame and a glass opening;
- Metal sheet with glass inserts;
- Finishing with an array of noble breeds.
Hammer painting is an interesting and relatively new way to decorate the front door from the street. The technology is such that after drying, the paint imitates the texture of "hammering" due to the presence of silicone resin and metal pigments in the composition. The paint dries quickly and is easy to apply and maintain.
How to choose?
The choice of the door should be made in specialized stores, seeking the advice of professionals, take into account the reputation of the manufacturer and rely on the well-known saying: "The avaricious pays twice." Regular promotions in hardware stores when a product is offered at a low price should alert an attentive consumer.
The acquisition of cheap goods leads to the fact that over time, the canvas begins to exfoliate, does not keep heat, finishing materials come into disrepair. Savings resulting in an unplanned purchase in a short time.
The front door in the country house separates the room from the street. Unlike interior doors, where the design is not limited by anything, and ordinary high-rise buildings, where the door opens onto the stairwell, street doors must have a solid structure, be resistant to atmospheric phenomena and protect the house from uninvited guests.
3-4 mm thick metal is a good material for your own country house, especially if red-hot or improved steel is used. You can choose thinner and, accordingly, cheaper options, but metal with a thickness of up to 1.5 mm is best avoided, since it is easy to crack with a simple cutting tool.
The front door of the cottage should keep warm well, because in any part of Russia there are severe winters. Just in country houses, you need to choose a insulated door, and you can sacrifice sound insulation, more relevant in apartment buildings.
Non-freezing thermo-doors with a multi-layer structure are suitable for the more northern parts of our country, which will help to keep warm air inside. In any case, special attention should be paid to fire safety issues.
To protect yourself from frost, condensation and other delights of the weather, it is better to install a second, internal door or, if the room allows, the device of the vestibule, preferably providing additional heating to the room. For the same purposes, it is better to provide a canopy or visor device.
To decorate the design will help decorative lighting and street lamps. Symmetrical lighting from two sides of the entrance looks advantageous.
Famous manufacturers and reviews
The domestic market is represented by many well-known domestic and European manufacturers. Which door is better, buyers decide. Among consumers, German products are in special demand when choosing any categories of goods. Germany has always been associated with reliability and quality. Modern German manufacturers cherish the traditions of their people and world name, using the latest technology. Entrance doors from Germany are characterized by consistently high quality and reliability, as evidenced by the overwhelming number of positive reviews.
The main points noted by customers are as follows.
- Longevity and declared quality out of competition;
- Beautiful appearance even in budget models;
- Good warranty terms and conditions.
Elite examples and beautiful options
Quality doors for a country house look beautiful. Regardless of the materials used, whether frost-resistant or armored models are used, you want to arrange the entrance to the house from the street as comfortable and elegant as possible.
Products made of logs are especially suitable for forging, deliberately rough metal, elements of hunting ornaments. As a decoration and a doorbell, you can use a hammer that sends us back to the old days or a decorative clapper. Such hammers can now be found in almost any style and form; they can be engraved with the name of the owner or the slogan of the family.
As a decoration, a beautiful bell or a highlighted hi-tech bell will be used instead of a bell. The door handle can be of the same style with a hammer, bell and backlight. It looks very stylish and will not leave guests indifferent.
Additional comfort will give the lighting of the track to the door. You can also hang a cute mailbox, make a mat with hospitable inscriptions at the entrance.
On how to choose the front door for a country house, see the next video.