Brunfelsia (lat. Brunfelsia, Brunfelsiopsis) is a tropical artisanal plant that belongs to the Solanaceae family. It grows in places such as the islands of the Caribbean, in Latin America - Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Cuba. Based on this, it can rightfully be called an exotic plant.
Brunfelsia is an unusually beautiful and interesting plant, which will delight you with its appearance during the day and pleasantly surprise you at night with its interesting smell, comparable to the aroma of expensive perfumes.
Where to place the flower to make it comfortable?
Brunfelsia is a rather unpretentious plant and for a very long time can be in darkened areas (without sunlight), while direct sunlight adversely affects brunfelsia. Therefore, it is often placed in less-lit places. She will have enough darkened space on the windowsill or the far corner in the room. But if the window is constantly cloudy, and the sun does not want to peek out from behind the clouds, then the plant may get bored by the lack of sunlight.
Do not forget the fact that the plant is quite large and grows up to a meter in height (depending on the variety and type of plant). Therefore, the place in which the flower will stand should be quite spacious.
Be careful - the plant is poisonous!
Before acquiring brunfelsia, you need to understand that this is a poisonous plant. Observe safety measures when growing Brunfelsia and do not allow the juice of the plant to get on your skin.
Although there is a flip side to the coin: Brunfelsia is also used in medicine for pain relief, wound disinfection, for problems with seizures, and even for cleansing the liver.
Brunfelsia is a big lover of water, because this flower is tropical, and watering should be constant (periodic), it does not tolerate long drought and dry soil. At the same time, prevent stagnation of water. Ideally, the soil should be mostly moist.
Since the plant came to us directly from tropical countries, accordingly, Brunfelsia loves a humid climate. Irrigate the leaves with water more often and try to maintain humidity. In extreme cases, you can use a humidifier or put a container with water next to it.
If you want to maintain the neat appearance of your Brunfelsia, then you need to periodically trim it. Start pruning your plant right after its flowering period and before the dormant season. It is necessary to cut the branches half or one third of the length, also do not forget to remove already grown or dried shoots.
Pruning Brunfelsia helps her to form new branches and renew buds, so that in the next flowering season you will again be pleased with its beauty.
In order for your flower to transfer the transplant well, you should transplant it only at the end of flowering, during the dormant period. In this case, the plant is easier to transfer the transplant and take root in a new place.
Young Brunfelsia is transplanted once a year, a more adult flower should not be disturbed so often and it is advisable to transplant only once every three years.
Features of species and varieties
A fairly common variety, with large and beautiful flowers. The flowering period of large-flowered Brunfelsia begins in March and ends in October. Many note the pleasant aroma of this variety and the sophisticated look of the flowers themselves.
If you want a large and beautiful flower in your home or garden, then feel free to choose a variety of brunfelsia called americana. It grows up to six meters in height and will please you at night with its pleasant and tasty aroma.
A distinctive feature is the leaves, which are the shape of an ellipse, and the size of the corolla reaches ten centimeters.
Brunfelsia low flowered
For indoor breeding, the type of brunfelsia low-flowered was very popular. This species is less whimsical to the environment and adapts well in a room atmosphere. Also, Brunfelsia low-flowered is characterized by longevity.
Maloflower Brunfelsia has many varieties, for example, it is dark lilac, light lilac and violet.
Brunfelsia "Isola" (Isola)
This is one of the new hybrid varieties; varieties of brunfelsia americana and brunfelsia grandiflora were used for its breeding. It has a pleasant aroma and attractive appearance. Flowers are often elongated and elongated, cream or purple. It blooms slowly throughout the summer.
Brunfelsia "Nitida" (Nitida)
The unusual arrangement of flowers gives this species a uniqueness and exclusivity. Flowers not only look interesting, but also have a delicate and pleasant smell.
This variety is an average shrub with a size of approximately 2 meters in height. The flowers are white. Also, Brunfelsia "Monaco" is not deprived of a characteristic pleasant aroma.
Or “Lady night” - the flower got such a name because of the pleasant smell at night. Brunfelsia "Laktea" is able to fill the space around it with a delicious and unforgettable aroma. But during the day, its aroma is almost invisible.
It is a large and massive bush with beautiful small flowers (2.5 cm in diameter). During flowering, the petals are painted blue or purple, but in the end all parts of the bud turn white.
Attracts with its unusual leaf shape (variegate form). Pretty compact, grows no more than one meter in height. It blooms throughout the summer, namely from May to September. The flowers are saturated with white and purple.
Diseases and Pests
In Brunfelsia, diseases are not as terrible as various pests ready to feast on this beautiful flower. If you notice stem and root rot in a plant, then this indicates an invasion of pests. Namely, such as: spider mites, mealy worms, whiteflies, aphids and scale insects. To protect your plant from unwanted pests, periodically inspect the flower and, if necessary, treat it with a special tool.
Also, brunfelsia may cause chlorosis on the leaves. To prevent this, water the flower only with soft water and feed it with fertilizer with nitrogen a couple of times a month. Well, if this has already happened, treat the leaves with an iron chelate or other complex chelates.
What to do if after wintering a flower gives out buds without leaves?
There are several reasons for this outcome.
Perhaps you too often watered the plant because of what waterlogged the soil. You also need to observe the temperature regime, especially at the beginning of the flowering period - Brunfelsia does not like cold.
Brunfelsia is propagated in two ways: from the seeds of a plant or using cuttings.
To obtain Brunfelsia seeds, artificial pollination of the flowers is necessary. After 4-5 weeks, the first seedlings appear in the seeds. Further, seedlings can be planted in prepared pots. And after only one or two months, the first sprouts may appear.
Propagation by cuttings
The most common method of propagating brunfelsia is propagation by cuttings. To get the cuttings, it is enough to cut the apical shoots 8–10 cm long (depending on the type and variety of brunfelsia).
Next, you will need to root the cuttings in water (perlite or sand) using a growth stimulator. Do not forget to maintain a favorable air temperature in the region of 24 degrees above zero.
The rooting process itself takes several months, so take your time to transplant an unrooted flower into a pot. When you notice the emergence of new roots and young shoots, proceed to transplant the plants into a separate container.
For a rare Brunfelsia houseplant, see the next video.