Peonies have earned honorable places in many flower beds and gardens. They can even endure a rather harsh winter. But maroon peonies deserve special attention now.
Rarely what other kind of garden plants boasts such a magnificent, dense flowering. Peony care is consistently simple. It does not require spending a lot of time and effort. Another positive property of plants of this species is the lack of need for frequent transplants. In most regions of Russia, any type of flower in June either already blooms or fades completely.
You can talk about varieties of peonies that have a Bordeaux color for a long time. It makes sense to start with Lastres. This plant forms bushes up to 0.7 m tall. The burgundy color is characteristic of its petals. In this case, the stamens are yellow-red.
The diameter of the bud is very large - up to 0.19 m. Foliage, painted in a bright green tone, looks attractive. Dense stems grow straight up. Lastres is praised for its pleasant smell. Breeders believe that this variety belongs to the semi-double group.
If you don’t want to grow a terry peony, you should look at America.
Such a plant forms compact bushes. Wide petals are slightly corrugated. Stamens are shortened, grouped like a dense pompom. The variety "Black Panther" is also in demand, giving tree-shaped buds with a section of 0.18 m.
On this peony half-double flowers are tied. The main shade is closer to chocolate, but the petals have a silky sheen. Karen Gray may also be good. This is a bright plant of Japanese selection, having a couple of rows of petals. It is characterized by corrugated staminodes of light pink color.
Flowering occurs in the middle. At the same time, buds up to 0.16 m are formed. Of the varieties developed in our country, the Tornado deserves attention. He laid bomb-shaped flowers. Yellow stamens come out of burgundy buds, the diameter of which is 0.11 m.
A positive assessment of "Karen Gray" is also due to the fact that such a variety will not burn out in the sun. In general, there are few varieties of burgundy peonies. The fact is that it is very difficult for breeders to develop such a type, even taking into account the current level of biotechnology.
Armani variety got its name in honor of the well-known brand of clothing, perfumes and cosmetics. The height of the shrubs reaches almost 1 m. Large, shiny leaves in the sun develop on them. The color "Bordeaux" they get in late autumn. Terry buds grow to 0.2 - 0.23 m. Glossy petals look attractive, with the development of which the color saturation only increases.
The size of the petals can vary greatly. Near the center of the bud they are smaller. The strong aroma of “Armani” seems to have given associations, because of which the flower got its name. There is only one problem - the variety is quite rare. The chances of buying planting material are small.
The Dutch cultivar Peter Brand may also be attractive. The variety has a long and glorious history - it was bred back in the late 1930s. Peony height reaches 0.85 - 0.9 m; it has powerful, durable stems with rich green leaves. Each stalk can serve as a support for 2 or 3 flowers. When the buds open, their size reaches 0.18 m; the plant is almost immune to infections and harmful insects.
The key requirement for growing peonies is proper site selection. Since all such crops are perennial, the place must be chosen carefully so that you do not have to quickly transplant the plant. Burgundy peonies themselves live for a long time without a transplant, and its main reason is just the mistakes of agricultural technology. For plants, the level of illumination is critical.
But you can’t just choose the sunniest piece of land in the garden or in the garden.
The close proximity of trees or tall bushes is very important. They will play the role of a natural barrier from a piercing wind and from a draft.
However, even if a seemingly suitable site is found, this is not a reason to calm down. Check if the ground is dry enough.
Peonies belong to the plant family, which is very suffering from excessive moisture. Great risk of rotting roots. Landing is recommended in the fall. In the spring, peonies should be planted (and transplanted) only if absolutely necessary. Having chosen a suitable zone, holes of great depth are formed.
Putting aside the shovel, pour drainage. As it is used, and a brick battle, and gravel of various fractions. On top of the drainage layer, pour ordinary fertile soil. To bring its quality to the proper level, this layer is mixed:
with pure wood ash;
Having planted a peony seedling, immediately straighten its roots. They should be immediately covered with soil and watered. Important: as soon as the land laid originally, settles, they fill up a new portion. It is required that the stem is stable. In the spring, decent watering is extremely important for peonies. Planting is irrigated once a week, until the beginning of August.
After the earth settles, it is useful to slightly fluff it to facilitate the flow of oxygen to the roots. Special top dressing for newly planted bushes is not needed. An exception is the situation when the necessary substances were not put into the ground in advance. Fertilizers during planting are usually calculated so that they are guaranteed to last for at least 12 months.
Adult peonies require potassium nitrogen supplementation. Ammonium nitrate is placed on top of the ground. Experimenting with other fertilizers is not recommended. It is better to find out what exactly is suitable for a particular variety.
In some cases, cutting side buds is practiced. They resort to it if they want to increase the main flower to the limit. Important: tall and thin stems need auxiliary support. Very often you can see that they are unable to by themselves carry the load created by the buds. Another caveat: it is worth combining peonies of different varieties. If you choose their combination correctly, you can achieve coverage of almost the entire summer period.
In horticultural culture, peonies are often practiced growing around houses. There, in a clearly visible ceremonial place, the plant will be clearly visible. A good result is given by planting this culture in the palisades. In this case, a combination is practiced with other plants that bloom both earlier and later than the peony itself. Promising neighbors will be:
Sometimes in the first year of development, the flower grows sluggishly and adds little to growth. This is completely normal - he has simply not yet adapted to the new conditions.
To reduce stress, you should always plant a peony so that the renewing buds are at a certain level. Regularly, at least once a week, you should check the likely damage with gray rot.
This disease is the most formidable adversary of peony lovers.
Bordeaux fluid is used to suppress infection. Copper sulfate is also suitable.
Those who do not want to use such toxic reagents should use safer biological products. But their effectiveness is less pronounced. Categorically it is impossible to add a large number of nitrogen top dressing.
Categorically it is impossible to add a large number of nitrogen top dressing.
But laying lime or flour dolomite in acidic land by peonies is only welcome. This can significantly increase the likelihood of success. Watering an adult flower should be plentiful - 20 or 30 liters per 1 plant. Developed shoots are fed with ammonium nitrate: 0.015 kg of this substance is diluted in 10 liters of water.
Video on how to plant peonies, see below.