After finishing work on the base, grouting of the seams of decorative brick or other material is necessary, which will give a finished look to the masonry and ensure its uniqueness. It is easy to do such work independently and this does not require special education or skills. You can prepare the mixture yourself or buy a finished one at a hardware store. With proper work, the decorative finish will last on the wall for many years and will not lose its appearance.
Features of grouting
In order to fill the gaps between the individual building materials after they are laid, various formulations can be used. When choosing such a composition, it is necessary to take into account the color of the decorative product, the space between its individual elements, the thickness of the bricks and other points. You can overwrite with mixtures that differ in different shades depending on the color of the finishing material itself. And also it is possible to mix solutions of different color, achieving the desired shade.
When preparing this composition with your own hands, you need to take into account the features of the masonry and the location of the wall itself. If this is a room with high humidity, then it is necessary to use compounds for sealing joints, which will prevent the possibility of moisture entering between the bricks. For this, various additives for solutions can be used.
The advantage of gypsum grout is that the material quickly hardens, but at the same time, work must be done carefully so that there is no solution left on the front side of the brick. Otherwise, it will be difficult to wipe or wash then.
In some cases, wiping after laying the brick is done with silicone sealant, which usually has no color, but you can add dyes to it. Such a grout after completion of work will emphasize the natural color of the finishing material itself and smooth out the unevenness of the seams, if any.
The amount of composition to fill the seams
All work on grouting should be done only after completion of the laying of finishing material. Reliably and beautifully wipe the distance between the individual elements can be, if you follow the rules and regulations. It is also important to keep the masonry at the same distance between the individual bricks, in which case it will be easier to fill the joints.
Depending on the width of the seam and the depth of the masonry itself, you can calculate the amount of required material to fill them. For brick joints up to one centimeter wide, you need to spend 7-8 kg of the mixture per square meter. But these parameters may vary depending on the features of the masonry.
To do all the work, you must have a tool, among which the main one is a spatula and a special bag, where the composition is placed. But also work on filling the joints can be done with a syringe. The use of these tools will help to quickly process the seams and at the same time not to contaminate the surface of the brickwork.
Depending on which grout method will be used, it is necessary to prepare an additional tool:
- capacity for solution;
It is important to initially prepare the surface and clean it from excess solution and dust. The mixture is carefully laid in the seams and compacted, and its excess is erased immediately after application, so that they do not dry out.
You need to choose a mixture depending on the features of their use, and dilute in accordance with the instructions on the package. Often, such compounds are sold in dry form, they only need to be diluted with water and mixed. It is better to prepare such an amount of the mixture that the master can use for the period of time during which the grout cannot harden. In addition, stale mortar can degrade the waterproofing of the joints, and cracks will form in them when dried.
With this moment it is necessary to decide on the stage of laying the brick, depending on why the method of bricklaying itself will be chosen. Each of the grouting technologies has its own performance technique, and therefore it must be adhered to throughout the entire duration of the work. Typically, grouting is done in several ways.
- Flush. This is the easiest option and it is performed with a semi-dry mixture. It can be made with your own hands. The composition is applied between the bricks with a trowel, and its excess is removed. At the end of work, it is necessary to wipe the surface with a hard rag or brush to remove excess.
- Inside. The whole solution that remains during the laying of bricks between them is compacted and, if necessary, additional recesses are made. This will create concavity of the seams, and the bricks will protrude outward.
- Convex. For this, a special spatula is used, which is carried out along the seam filled with the solution. Thanks to this method, the seams go out. But the process requires certain skills, not everyone can cope with it.
- The triangle. A rather complicated process and it is often used for grouting indoors. To carry out the work, it is necessary to remove a small amount of mortar between the bricks, and distribute the remaining composition with a triangle. This technology requires some experience from the master.
- Under the bevel. This method is simple and does not require skill. It is necessary to move the trowel along the seam and remove part of the solution, making a small depression up to 4 mm at a certain angle.
In order to avoid defects and errors during the work, you need to familiarize yourself with the recommendations from the masters.
- When self-preparing the grouting composition, it is necessary to use sifted components so that they do not have large fractions.
- After preparing the solution, it should be allowed to stand for 10-15 minutes, and then mix again to improve ductility.
- When grouting, avoid applying the mortar to the bricks.
- If the solution got on the decorative finish, it must immediately be removed, not allowing drying.
SNiP indicates that the thickness of the seam should be up to 1 cm, and therefore it is recommended to make small spaces between the bricks themselves, adjusting the value depending on climatic conditions at the place of work. It is not necessary to start grouting the joints on hot days, as the solution will quickly harden, which can lead to disruption of the process. And also it is worth giving up work in wet weather. The solution must be kneaded in small portions in order to quickly develop it and not allow to solidify.
As you can see, grouting is a responsible, but effective way to improve the appearance of ceramic or other coatings after finishing work, and it will also make it possible to create completeness of work. Professionally made grout will improve the appearance of the base and will protect the wall from damage. In addition, it will increase the thermal insulation properties of the masonry, which will allow it to stand for a long time and not require annual repairs. To do this, you only need to complete all the work in accordance with the recommendations and capital rules.
You can see an example of grouting in the video below.