Work on a personal plot is one of the most common occupations of both urban residents and the rural population. Self-cultivation of vegetables and berries is not only fascinating, but also very profitable.
To get the maximum yield, gardeners and gardeners resort to a huge number of tricks, as well as introduce new agricultural technologies. These manipulations and currant bushes, which need not only timely feeding and pruning, but also the creation of high-quality and geometrically correct bush holders, have not been circumvented.
Features and purpose
The bush holder for currants and gooseberries is an indispensable tool for growing these crops. The maximum yield of red and white currants can be seen 5 years after planting, but black gives a decent harvest no earlier than 6 years.
By this time, a large number of shoots are forming on the plant, which are undesirable to trim and adjust, so it is very difficult to overestimate the value of the supports, since it has the following functional value:
- compact arrangement of a bush;
- simplified harvesting;
- protection against rodents;
- increase in the number of crops;
- prevention of shoot deformation under the influence of negative environmental factors;
- root ventilation;
- reduced risk of fungal diseases;
- prevention of contact of berries with the soil surface;
- simplification of agricultural work;
- no need to trim the side shoots;
- the formation of a regular and beautiful crown.
To obtain the desired result, the support should not only be aesthetically attractive, but also meet the following requirements:
- long period of operation;
- aesthetic appearance;
For ease of use, the structure should be easily mounted and dismantled. When choosing a backup, beginning gardeners need to consider not only aesthetic wishes, but also the variety of the plant, the height of the bushes, as well as the volume of the crown.
On household plots you can see the crown holders in the form of a square, rectangle and triangle, but round poles are in special demand, which not only have an attractive appearance, but also exactly match the shape of the crown.
Technological violations and non-compliance with the size range can trigger the following design flaws:
- low height;
- tight coverage;
- high level;
- structural instability;
- rudeness and disproportion of the product.
Varieties of supports
Depending on the location of the bushes, the area of plantings, as well as the design idea, experienced gardeners recommend paying attention to the following types of stands.
- On one rack - a simple design, which is presented in the form of a ring on one support. Disadvantages - instability, manufacturing only from thick metal, the difficulty of installation near an adult plant. The ring of the fence can be made not only of metal, but also of fiberglass.
- On two racks - a product that has the appearance of a bracket and supports only one part of the bush. To maintain the entire bush, it is better to use at least two supports.
- On three legs - a universal design that has a high level of stability and reliability. For ease of installation and to prevent deformation of the crown, experts recommend making the design collapsible.
- On four legs - a convenient model in which manufacturers often install a height adjustment. This trick allows you to harmoniously fit the product to any height of the bush.
Given the simplicity of the design of the bush holder, experts recommend making this device with your own hands from improvised materials. To make a functional product, you need to choose the material, select the tools, and also make all the necessary measurements. It is the dimensions of the structure that play a key role in its functionality.
Before proceeding to the independent manufacture of the structure, it is necessary to prepare the necessary set of tools, which directly depends on the material used. If the design consists of metal-plastic or propylene, then a screwdriver, hammer and knife are required.
Metal products can be made with a hammer, pliers, grinder and welding machine.
The easiest way is to make a wooden structure, for which you will need a hacksaw, nails and a hammer.
Before you start cutting the elements of the frame, you must take all the measurements with a special construction tape measure and be sure to make a schematic drawing. Experienced summer residents do not recommend deviating from the planned sizes and taking all measurements as accurately as possible
Given the high level of demand for these designs, engineers have developed a huge number of product options that can be made from the following materials:
- PVC pipes;
- thermoplastic propylene products;
- composite metal plastic.
Also, when creating a support, one should not forget about car tires, a bicycle collapse, metal bars, remnants of fittings, window frames, lattices from wooden boxes and children's sports hoops.
The simplest product is a structure consisting of 3-4 stakes that are dug around a bush and a rope that is pulled at the upper ends. The rope can be replaced with wooden slats, which are fixed with screws or nails to the top of the wooden frame. The height and width of the product depends on the size of the bush.
Despite the simplicity of the design, its assembly has a number of tricks. After three slats were attached to the legs, a bush must be placed inside the product, while carefully collecting all the shoots. When the support is installed at the planned location, you can begin to fix the fourth final bar.
More reliable and durable is the metal structure, for the manufacture of which it is necessary to have not only iron pipes or rails, but also a special welding machine. This product can be both one-piece and collapsible. The obligatory final stage is the coating of the product with protective paint, which will prevent the appearance of corrosive formations. The disadvantage is a large mass.
Modern summer residents prefer to use more practical material, such as plastic. It is products from plastic water pipes that can increasingly be found in personal plots as supports and fences. From polypropylene and polyethylene, a bush holder of any shape can be quickly and easily made in a short period of time.
For the design, it is better to choose pipes with a diameter of 0.4 cm or 0.5 cm, as well as four tees, into which the workpieces will be inserted. To connect the parts, you can use a special soldering iron, construction glue or self-tapping screws.
The simplest way is to make a fence from a metal rod, which, under the influence of a small amount of effort, easily takes the necessary shape.
If, apart from natural material, there is nothing at hand, then experienced gardeners recommend the use of wooden slings that can be cut from any tree. Branches should have a reliable support and double branching at the upper end. The optimal height of the product is 50 cm. After the elements have been dug around the bush, hanging shoots can be placed on them. The lack of design is a short period of operation and low resistance to external factors.
If a large number of bushes are planted in one row, then it makes no sense to make a separate support for each plant. In this case, it is recommended to make a special fence, which provides installation at the edges of the section of supports, at least 60 cm high. As a supporting material, you can use a rope, cord or any metal wire that must be pulled between the supports several times. A stretched rope will become a support for the shoots of the plant.
Currant is one of the favorite berries of many gardeners, the fruits of which are used not only for fresh consumption, but also for creating a large number of delicious treats. Despite its small size, the culture has a spreading crown and a large number of shoots that lie directly on the ground. To solve this problem, gardeners came up with a special support.
The bush holder for currants is a unique device that allows not only to give an aesthetic appearance to the site , but also to avoid a large number of agrotechnical difficulties. This device can be purchased in specialized garden stores or made independently from improvised means.
See how to make bush holders with your own hands in the next video.