The mower for the walk-behind tractor is a common type of attachment and greatly facilitates the maintenance of agricultural land. The device effectively replaces expensive specialized equipment and perfectly copes with all the tasks assigned to it.
The mower for the walk-behind tractor is a mechanized device connected to the power take-off shaft of the unit by means of a belt drive. The device is easy to use, easily mounted on a walk-behind tractor, quite maintainable, has no problems with spare parts and does not require special maintenance. In addition, the mower is convenient for transportation and does not take up much space during storage. Thanks to a well-thought-out design and the absence of complex components and assemblies, the device rarely breaks and has a long service life.
Despite the fact that the mower is a narrow-profile device, its scope is quite wide. The device is used for mowing weeds, removing beet and potato tops before harvesting the root crops themselves, as well as for harvesting feed for cattle and leveling the lawn in the yard or on the site. In addition, with the help of a mower, it is possible to harvest grain, cut a small shrub and cultivate a site that is heavily overgrown with weeds.
Therefore, the purchase of attachments for a walk-behind tractor can completely replace the purchase of a mowing machine, which will have a rather favorable effect on the budget.
In the modern market of small agricultural machinery, mowers are presented in a wide assortment. This greatly facilitates the selection of the desired model and allows you to purchase both an expensive multifunctional device, and very simple budget items. The cost of new mowers starts from 11 thousand rubles, while a used unit can be bought for only 6-8 thousand rubles. For more serious samples of new technology, you will have to pay about 20 thousand rubles, and with the purchase of the same model, but with a small operating time - about 10-12 thousand rubles. In any case, buying even a new model will cost much less than the cost of the popular Czech MF-70 mower, the price of which reaches 100 thousand rubles.
Among the huge assortment of accessories for walk-behind tractors, mowers are considered to be a particularly demanded type of additional equipment and are very popular among owners of livestock complexes and farms. Devices are classified by type of construction and are of two types: rotary (disk) and segment (finger).
This type of mower is the best option for mowing grass and weed control in large areas with hilly terrain. A rotary mower is often called a disk mower, which is associated with the features of its design and the principle of operation. The device consists of 1-3 cutting discs firmly fixed on the frame and a support wheel. Inside each disc are knives mounted on hinges. The principle of operation of the device is quite simple and consists in the following: the torque from the power take-off shaft is transmitted to the pulley using an angular gearbox, and then passes to the cutting wheels through the support wheel.
Mowed grass rises, flattened and laid neat rolls. In this case, the disks can be mounted on the frame in different ways: in front of the walk-behind tractor, on the sides or behind. The front location is mainly used for weed control, and the side and rear - when working with productive areas. In addition to discs and wheels, the rotary mower is equipped with a damping device that reduces the risk of damage to the mechanism when hitting an obstacle. According to the type of connection of the rotary mower to the walk-behind tractor, the hinged, semi-mounted and trailed methods are distinguished.
Rotary models are lightweight and compact in size , which makes them especially maneuverable and allows them to easily cut grass near trees and among shrubs. The cutting height can vary from 5 to 14 cm, and the working width can reach 80 cm. In addition, the angle of inclination of the discs can be adjusted, which allows you to mow grass in areas with hilly terrain. All rotary models can be safely used on slopes with an angle of inclination from 15 to 20 degrees. Among the advantages of rotary mowers, high productivity is noted, which makes it possible to mow large areas in a short period of time, ease of operation and high reliability of both individual units and the structure as a whole. A positive point is the low cost and long service life.
But along with the obvious advantages, rotary mowers have several disadvantages. These include the unstable operation of the device at low engine speeds. And also it is worth noting the impossibility of their use in areas with thickets of thick-stemmed shrubs. In addition, if the debris or stones accidentally fall under the knives, the blades quickly fail and require replacement.
Rotary mowers are compatible with such motor blocks as Oka and Neva, are often used with Cascade and MB-2B, and are also suitable for Ugra and Agros. Separate modifications have been launched for the Salyut unit. When working with this type of mower, it is imperative to use personal protective equipment. In addition, you need to be extremely careful with the removal of weeds on the sidelines. This is due to the fact that in such areas there is a high probability of finding small stones that can fly out from under the disk and injure the operator. The best use for this technique is to use the rotor model as a lawn mower.
This type of mower has a very simple design, consisting of a frame, with two bars installed in it and cutting elements placed between them. Due to the conversion of engine torque into linear-translational motion, the working knives begin to move according to the principle of scissors: when one element constantly moves to the left, then to the right, and the second at the same time remains stationary. As a result, grass falling between the two cutting elements is cut quickly and evenly, thereby ensuring excellent quality and high cutting speed. The segment mower can be mounted both in front and behind the walk-behind tractor. It is equipped with special sleds that regulate the height of mowing grass.
Cutting elements are easily removed from the frame, which makes it easy to sharpen or replace them with new ones. The model is highly efficient, which allows it to process large areas with tall and thick grass stands, medium shrubs and dry grass. For its absolute unpretentiousness and ability to work in difficult terrain conditions, the segment model is very popular among cattle owners and is widely used by them for haying. The advantages of segment mowers include their ability to mow grass almost to the root. This is due to the fact that the cutting elements almost completely repeat the surface topography, while moving almost near the ground.
In addition, due to the balanced operation of the knives, vibration in the knife blade is practically absent. Because of what, the operator of the walk-behind tractor does not experience mechanical recoil from the unit and has the ability to work in fairly comfortable conditions. The minuses include large dimensions and a high price.
So, segmented models are almost twice as expensive as rotor mechanisms and are sold for more than 20 thousand rubles. The devices are quite versatile and suitable for any domestic walk-behind tractor.
The front model is designed for mowing tall weeds with a thick stem, as well as for harvesting hay in large volumes. The device is often equipped with a rake, which greatly simplifies the work on the site. On the sides of the device are a slide that allows you to adjust the height of mowing grass. The model is used little with walk-behind tractors and, like a chain mower, it is mainly used with mini tractors and other heavy equipment.
The modern market for agricultural equipment represents a large number of mowers of both famous brands and little-known samples. Despite the fact that the vast majority of them are of high quality and have many positive reviews, some of them should be highlighted separately.
- The Zarya-1 model is produced at the Kaluga Engine enterprise and has a rotary type of execution. The productivity of the device is 0.2 hectares per hour, which is a pretty good result for disk devices. The working width is 80 cm, and the weight does not exceed 28 kg. The model is compatible with Neva, Oka, Cascade and Tselina, and a special modification is issued for Salute. Installation on the Agro, Belarus and MB-90 motor-blocks is also possible, but in this case, the installation of an additional bracket or gearbox will be required. The model is equipped with a height adjuster and is characterized by high cut quality. In addition, unlike segmented models, the mowed grass fits into neat rolls that do not need to be robbed. The cost of "Dawn-1" is from 12 to 14 thousand rubles.
- “KNM-0.8” is a finger segmental model compatible with such motor blocks as “Neva”, “Salute” and “Cascade”. Coverage is 80 cm, weight is 35 kg, the cost reaches 20 thousand rubles. The device is a typical representative of segment models and corresponds to all the characteristics described above inherent in this type.
- The Chinese model “KM-0.5” also refers to the segment type and is compatible with such motor blocks as Hitachi S169, “Favorite”, “Neva” and “Salute”. The device is small in size and is able to cut grass at a height of 0.5 cm, that is, almost under the root. However, the working width of this model is slightly inferior to that of previous mowers and is only 50 cm. The weight of the device corresponds to 35 kg, and the cost reaches 14,000 rubles.
How to install on a walk-behind tractor?
Mounting the mower on a walk-behind tractor is as follows:
- first fix the tensioner included with the mower;
- then put a pulley on the upper friction clutch, while the front of the hub should be “facing” the flange of the tensioner;
- then all installed elements are fastened with a screw, a mower is installed and a belt is put on;
- further, the mower is fixed by means of pins and an apron is put on, which protects the operator from grass;
- finally, a protective shield is installed on the walk-behind tractor and the belt tension is regulated; to do this, turn the handle in the direction of movement of the unit;
- after that they start the engine and conduct trial testing.
Before proceeding with the acquisition of a mower for a walk-behind tractor, it is necessary to determine the scope of work and the conditions in which it will be operated. So, if the device is supposed to be used for mowing the lawn, in this case it is better to stop on the rotary model. In such areas, there is usually no debris and large stones, so working with the mower will be convenient and safe. The same type of mowers can be used to cut golf courses or alpine lawns, the main thing is that the surface slope is not too steep and embossed. If using a mower it is supposed to harvest hay, remove weeds and fight with small bushes, in this case, you should definitely choose a segment model. And when servicing large areas and complex terrain, it is recommended to opt for a powerful frontal design equipped with a cutter height adjuster and a rake.
Proper selection, careful use and proper operation will significantly extend the life of the equipment and make it convenient and safe to work on.
How to choose a mower for walk-behind tractor, you will learn from the video below.