The most striking representative of the rubber ficus is Tineke. Another name is "Elastic." Already from the name it can be seen that earlier this ficus was used for rubber extraction, the plant juice was the raw material for it.
Ficus "Tineke" grows in the tropical forests of India. At home, such a plant can also grow 200 cm tall and up to a meter wide. Leaflets are long, in the shape of an ellipse, with a sharp tip. In length, these leaves reach 20 cm, and in width 10 cm. They are smooth, in the middle a vein of greenish or pink color is clearly visible. The main property is the presence of a bright edge, which forms a natural pattern. “Elastica” is not a single instance of plants of the type that grows on window sills.
The following types are available:
- "Black Prince";
How to care?
Tineke prefers sunlight. Although it is better to place the ficus not on the window itself, but next to it, protecting it from direct sunlight. First you need to carefully monitor him, and if the ficus is deficient in light, then its lower leaves will fall and turn yellow, and the patterned edge will not be so noticeable.
This will contribute to the fact that the plant loses its entire unique appearance, then it will be quite difficult to fix the situation.
Proper watering is very important when leaving at home. Watering is carried out with a settled liquid with complete drying of the top layer of the earth. Usually watered 3 times a week, but the frequency may vary based on the principles of care. In winter, watering once a week will be enough. "Tineke" is great for moisturizing, but waterlogging and drying should not be allowed, otherwise brown spots will appear on the leaves and the leaves will fall off.
This type of ficus prefers moist air, so the plant must be treated with slightly warm water. This is most true on a hot day and when the heating batteries are working. In addition, for Tineke it is very important to wipe the leaves from dust with a damp cloth, and once every 30 days it is worth washing the plants under a warm shower.
Ficus is growing quite rapidly, in the midst of the growth period for the week a new leaf appears. The roots also grow powerfully, their development can be maintained by using small pots, as well as from time to time pruning.
The result is a large bush or miniature tree.
From the beginning of the spring period and until the very fall, ficus is fertilized once every 14 days, the chemical is used mainly nitrogen.
This procedure is required when the root braids the entire lump of soil in the pot, then the plant does not have enough space. Tineke is transplanted at the end of the winter period or at the beginning of the summer season every 3 years. Each time a vessel for a flower needs to be taken 2 times more than the past.
The best time for breeding is spring. Young plants will take over and harden significantly before the onset of the cold period. This variety of ficus propagates by cuttings. They are taken from the top of the ficus size of 10-15 cm, while the cut is made obliquely when using a sharp tool. A few leaves remaining on the handle are cut to half and twisted into a tube to restrain the evaporation of the liquid, the bottom sheet is cut. From the slice, they clean off the juice that impedes the formation of the root system, and put it in a container for several hours. Then the slice is dried.
Further actions proceed according to two possible variants of events:
- It is necessary to hold the cuttings in a liquid until the formation of roots, this is about a month. The vessel must be placed in a well-lit place, but where direct sunlight does not fall. The optimum temperature in the room is +24 degrees and 80% humidity. It is necessary to strictly watch that the leaves do not get into the liquid, otherwise this will cause them to rot. Activated carbon can be put in a liquid. As soon as the roots appear, the cuttings are planted in the ground.
- Another method of rooting is by digging the cuttings into loose and moist soil. This procedure is carried out immediately after drying the cuttings by treating the cut with charcoal.
The substrate where the cuttings are planted contains peat with sand and minerals. A vessel with cuttings needs a greenhouse effect, that is, you need to cover everything with polyethylene or glass, but at the same time regularly water the ground and ventilate. If new leaflets appear on the cuttings, this means that they are rooted.
Now it is better to keep young shoots open so that they get used to home conditions.
For ficus, heat is preferable. The optimal temperature regime for him is the temperature fluctuation in the range from +20 to +26 degrees. In summer, +30 degrees is suitable. In winter, the temperature drops. And the temperature is allowed for young shoots plus +14 degrees, and for adults up to +5. "Elastic" can tolerate small frosts, and drafts and low root temperature affect it negatively. For this reason, do not put the pot on a cool floor or window sill.
Choosing a ficus, you need to inspect it, as it happens to buy a diseased plant. The flower should have the following characteristics:
- good appearance;
- leaves are healthy and clean, they should not have insects, which subsequently harm the plant;
- the root system, which is visible through the drainage holes, it should not have a dark or black color;
- the purchase must be done in the spring season or in the summer, then the ficus will take faster;
- It is recommended to buy not a very old plant, which will easily adapt to changing conditions.
Tineke’s diseases are similar to those characteristic of ficuses of all kinds:
- Leaves withered and hung down. This indicates a lack of moisture and that the plant requires watering.
- The lower leaves turn yellow and fall off. This is due to the fact that the soil is very waterlogged. It is necessary that the land has dried up, and it is also worth reducing the number of irrigation.
- The color of the leaves of the plant turned pale, its growth slows down, new branches are deformed. The plant needs to be fed and transplanted.
- Ficus lost part of the leaves, and those that remained were covered with spots. The reason may be that the plant is cold, you need to rearrange the container in the heat.
In addition to these diseases, ficus affects harmful insects, viral diseases and fungi.
Signs that the plant was attacked by pests are as follows:
- From below, a fibrous coating formed on the leaves. The plant is affected by a powdery worm. Visible pests should be washed off with a rag soaked in methanol, and then sprayed with a protective agent. In addition, you should increase the humidity in the room.
- In the lower part of the leaves, including on the stems, brown growths appear. This is a scab, it must be removed with a rag dipped in methyl alcohol and treated with a fungicide.
- Deformation of the leaves indicates the presence of aphids, along with which a sticky liquid appears, attracting other pests that are spreading diseases. All insects are collected with a cloth soaked in methyl alcohol, and then treated with fungicides.
- Nematodes are pests that affect the roots, then growths form on them. The main feature here is that these insects secrete toxic particles and poison the plant. To eradicate this pest, the bush must be removed from the vessel and held in a disinfectant. And then put in another container with new soil.
For the timely detection of diseases and pests that infected ficus, it is necessary to take careful measures. Flowers should be inspected and sprayed with soapy water for preventive purposes.
The fungal and viral diseases to which ficuses are exposed include the following:
- Cercosporosis. With it, spots form on the back of the sheet. Here, treatment with fungal drugs will help.
- Powdery Mildew This disease is characterized by plaque, similar to flour. In the first stages, a soap solution copes with this disease. In the event that the disease is already running, an insecticide will help fight the scourge.
- Gray rot. It is characterized by the appearance of mold. Leaves cover spots of brown color, they become dark and fly around. A measure to combat this ailment is the frequent ventilation of the premises, with limited watering. Healthy parts of the plant need to be sprayed with fungicide, and patients should be removed.
- Anthracnose. The occurrence of rusty sections along the edge of the sheet plate is characteristic. Treatment comes down to treatment with fungicide.
According to astrologers, ficus is a plant of capricorns. It stabilizes the emotional background in the room, relieves anxiety symptoms. According to reviews of people with ficus at home, it can’t be put in a pan with water, this may be good for some plants, but not for ficus. Because of this, waterlogging of the lower roots occurs, while the upper ones dry. Therefore, it is worth watering only from above, in good light and warmth. It is necessary to let the top layer dry, and then water well.
If leaves have fallen or spots have appeared on them, this means that the plant has received too much moisture. If it is true to provide care for ficus in apartment conditions, then you can decorate any situation in the house, since this ficus looks spectacular. The main difficulty in maintaining is providing a large plant with plenty of space in width and in height.
See how to transplant ficus tineke correctly in the video below.