The Asian leotard is also called the Asian twinkle, and residents of some Siberian regions call this flower "frying." It is easy to guess that he was named a bathhouse for growing on moistened soils of meadows and forest glades. The plant belongs to grassy perennials of the genus Swimsuit and belongs to the family Ranunculaceae. In the wild, it can be found in many areas of Western Siberia, in the territory of Central and Eastern Siberia, as well as in the vastness of Altai and Mongolia.
An Asian leotard grows well both in wet meadows and forest glades, and in highlands. For its beautiful flowers, this plant is brutally exterminated in the natural environment of growth, but nowadays, having acquired seeds or seedlings in stores, an Asian bathhouse can be successfully grown in garden plots.
The Asian leotard was often confused with the Kytmanov leotard because of the similar color of the flowers, but they are different biological species. The stem of the Asian swimsuit is straight and smooth, it can be simple or branched and reach 80 cm in height. Bright green leaves have long petioles and 5-angled outlines. Stem leaves can be from 1 to 5, of which the lower ones are petiolate, and the upper ones are sessile with lamellae, which grow smaller upward. The roots consist of a large number of cord-shaped urine, the main root is absent.
The flowers in this leotard are large, about 5 cm in diameter. Sepals orange-red in the amount of 10-20 pieces. The petals are 2-3 times longer than the stamens, they also have an orange-red color and are extended from the base upwards with a sharpening at the apex. The flowering time of the Asian swimsuit is May-June, it is pollinated by bugs, flies and bees, has up to 50 peduncles in the bush. Fruits ripening at the end of June are leaflets up to 11 mm long, with a short spout that is bent inward at the base.
Despite the fact that the Asian leotard is an unpretentious plant that is easy to grow on a personal plot, you should carefully read the recommendations of experienced gardeners.
For comfortable growth, this flower needs a sunny spot or light partial shade. The soil should be well-drained, as the leotard does not like drought. Soil is recommended to be used fertile, loose and acidic, with a high content of humus, an ideal option is a mixture of peat, sheet land and sand.
Growing an Asian swimsuit in one place is recommended for 5-10 years. If several varieties are planted nearby, they can become dusty, and a hybrid with unsorted qualities will grow.
Planting or replanting the leotard should be in spring or autumn. The distance between the planting pits should be about 30-40 cm. Plants grown from seedlings are planted together with a lump, the roots obtained by dividing the specimens are shaken off, sometimes even washed from the ground.
The Asian bungalow needs regular watering, especially transplanted young plants need it. Abundant watering is recommended for these flowers in the dry season.
For irrigation it is necessary to use well-maintained warm water heated by the sun. After watering, the soil surface should be loosened and weeds removed. It is very important to prevent stagnation of water.
When watering, you can add a urea solution (1 tsp. To 10 l of water). It is recommended to use Agricola or Nitrofoska preparations for top dressing. With their help, the leotard is fertilized at the time of opening of the buds and immediately before flowering. Humus and peat as fertilizers should be applied in spring and early autumn.
Preparing for the winter
An Asian leotard belongs to frost-resistant plants. She does not need special shelter from the cold. But be sure to remove the dry leaves and leave the petioles 3 cm high before wintering (in October).
Pest and Disease Control
This species is resistant to various diseases of garden plants. Fungal diseases (smut, septoria) and such a pest of the roots as a penetrating short-bodied nematode can sometimes damage the leotard. In order to avoid this, it is imperative to remove dry leaves in the autumn.
If the plant is badly affected by the infection, then its remains must be destroyed, and nearby growing swimsuits should be treated with fungicides.
When the flowers begin to bloom, the plant can be sprinkled with "Epin", which is an effective immunostimulant.
There are several options for the reproduction of an orange beauty - an Asian swimsuit.
An adult plant about 5 years old is recommended to be divided in April-May or early autumn. The bush must be dug up, washed with rhizome, then with a sharpened, clean knife, divide the root into several bushes so that each has 3-4 buds. It is recommended to treat the slice with ash or a weakly concentrated potassium permanganate solution.
Separated parts must be immediately planted in the soil, deepening the neck of the root by about 2 cm. The swimsuits propagated in this way bloom as early as next season.
Shoots suitable at the base of the bush are suitable for cuttings. After the cut (in May-July) they should be treated with any root stimulant. Then it is advisable to root in peat, sand and perlite.
It is recommended to sow the seeds of this type of swimsuit as soon as they are harvested, in August or October. You can sow in the soil or in a box, which must be dug into the ground, pouring a mixture of peat, sand and sheet soil.
The first seedlings appear closer to the end of May, they must be watered and shaded from the direct rays of the sun. You should dive when a pair of real leaves appears. Plants bloom in 2-3 years.
Use in landscape design
The lush orange flowers of an Asian swimsuit look amazing on a blue sky or pond. They go well with stones and with small ground cover plants: silver or field brine, hybrid stonecrop.
Planted between short and tall perennials, the plants look very decorative. Often, an Asian swimsuit is planted with lilacs, bells, Japanese spirea and Holly magnolia. The hosta, daylilies, Siberian iris and incense are also partners with these elegant colors.
See how the Asian swimsuit looks in the next video.