The shower tray today is not unusual, as it was at the end of the last century. Mass construction until the beginning of the 80s offered newcomers bathtubs made of cast iron with a length of 1 m 50 cm, a breakthrough was the appearance of bathtubs 1 m 70 cm.The appearance of shower enclosures with glass doors with a matte surface texture installed on them was a perfect squeak. Today, many users are interested in how to install a shower tray with your own hands.
Modern plumbing stores offer a great variety of showers, corners, separately pallets and curtain doors.
They vary in:
- material of manufacture;
- to the frame.
- additional nozzles;
- built-in ventilation;
- radio systems.
Operation of any shower cabin is impossible without a shower tray. Installation of any cab begins with this part. The term and quality of service of the entire structure directly depend on the correct installation, drain connection, and rigidity. The design is not always arranged in such a way that door-curtains can be mounted on the sides.
Depending on the height and shape, these plumbing products can be laid on (mounted in a base stand made for them) or frame (mounted on a prefabricated metal frame). For frame models, you can almost always choose the right curtain. Usually they are straight or semicircular. For a flat pallet, it is necessary to choose the appropriate shower.
Pallets are made of different materials. Get acquainted with their features.
Pallets made of carbon steel of various grades are commonly called steel. Exposure to corrosion directly depends on the steel grade. In the presence of enamel chips on such a pallet, rust spots are observed at and around defects. During prolonged use of a damaged product, corrosion can lead to a through hole through which water will seep into the foundation and gradually destroy it.
Steel pallets are made by stamping , so the material is in a stressed state, which causes deformations and destruction of the integrity of the enamelled coating. Cast iron is more preferable when choosing a metal tray, it is an alloy of iron with carbon. A feature of the manufacture of cast iron products is the fact that they are produced only by casting followed by heat treatment. Such a product turns out to be heavier, stronger and more durable.
These are one of the most affordable varieties of shower trays. The beautiful appearance of the glossy surface, lightness, the most diverse shapes and colors - all this attracts when choosing a shower tray or cabin. The disadvantage of this material can be considered its possible yellowing and dullness when improper care or use by the manufacturer of low quality acrylic.
With no less aesthetic appearance than acrylic analogues, ceramic products last much longer. They are easier to care for. For the disadvantage, you can take a high price and heavy weight. But this pays off for a long service life.
Made of artificial stone
These products are made by casting from polymeric materials. Visually, these products resemble natural marble or granite. Easy care, lack of habitat for fungi and bacteria, beautiful appearance, immunity to temperature changes, lack of deformation - this is what leads buyers to them. The only disadvantage of such products can be called their rather big price.
A natural stone
This option is suitable only for those who do not feel sorry for anything beloved. They are the most expensive and luxurious. For their manufacture, polished marble or granite is usually used. A minus is the careful selection of cleaning products that should not contain alkali. When exposed to alkali on natural stone, it can change color. In addition, such products must be polished at least once every six months. In order not to accidentally slip, it is worth putting a transparent silicone mat in such products at the bottom.
Shower trays vary in height. The shallowest ones usually have a depth of up to 15 cm. These can be steel, acrylic, square, rectangular or a quarter round. Steel products have a square shape with false sides.
In fact, this is an imitation of a shallow steel bath. A support frame for such pallets is not provided, therefore, for its installation, it is necessary to provide for a special foundation design of foam blocks or bricks. The supporting structure eliminates bending. The entire pedestal can be tiled with ceramic tiles for an aesthetic look.
Low acrylic shower trays are rarely equipped with a metal frame. They are installed directly on the bathroom floor. All structures with a height of more than 20 cm are mounted on a metal frame with the number of supports from four to eight pieces. The feet are adjustable in height so that a clear horizontal position can be set during installation.
Recently, a variety of showers with trays made in the form of a fairly deep bath is gaining popularity . The dimensions of such a product are from 130 cm wide and increase in increments of 10 cm. Therefore, for bathrooms of various sizes, it is easy to calculate and choose a cabin of the desired size. When choosing a shower tray, special attention must be paid to the thickness of its walls. The life of the product directly depends on this parameter.
If the steel product has thin walls, it can be deformed if it is not rigidly installed on the foundation, which will lead to cracking and chips of enamel. Thin-walled acrylic products will bend under the weight of even a light person and may crack, which will lead to the need to replace them. Cracks on such pallets can form due to temperature differences. More durable and more durable are pallets and bathtubs made of artificial polymer stone. They can have a variety of colors, sizes, convenient for non-standard sizes of bathrooms. Cast iron varieties are leaders in stiffness and durability. They have only one drawback - appearance.
There are two principles for installing shower trays: installation on a foundation and installation on a frame frame.
On the foundation
For the most correct arrangement of shower rooms of this type, the horizon of the floor surface is of great importance, as well as its waterproofing. Therefore, the first step will be the screed on the floor of the lighthouses, if the level is not met. Careful waterproofing of the joints between the floor and walls will help to avoid possible troubles in case of leakage through the drainage system. The most appropriate solution would be to use a two-component waterproofing, applied to the walls and floor of the bathroom in two layers with an exit beyond the dimensions of the final product of about 15 cm.
Before mounting the pallet, you need to study its characteristics (strength, wall thickness, design of the used drain). If the product can be deformed under the weight of a person, then the foundation must be laid out over the entire space of its bottom so that the pallet stands on it all the bottom. To eliminate the noise when choosing steel pallets, it is recommended to isolate it from the foundation with a small layer of mounting foam or fill up a made frame of bricks or blocks with fine sand. Connect the siphon to drain the water before installing the pallet in the seat. In this case, it is necessary to mount the sewer pipes with such a slope so that the water freely leaves through the drain.
In the manufacture of the foundation, it is important that the sides of the pallet around the entire perimeter rest on a rigid structure. Therefore, gas silicate blocks over brick have more advantages, they are easier to adjust in place using a conventional small hacksaw. To eliminate possible leaks and better fix the pan around the entire perimeter, you need to put it on silicone with antifungal additives. After that, you can begin to design a shower corner with a mosaic or ceramic tiles.
In addition to steel, ceramic pallets can also be attributed to this type of installation of pallets. The accuracy required to install it is dictated by its fragility, like any morocco product. The difference in the installation on the foundation of ceramics is that it is necessary to provide an inspection hole for access to the drain communication. At the landing site around the perimeter and under the bottom, the pallet should be fixed with a solution of tile glue or sand concrete.
In this case, the drain pipe and the place for the siphon must remain free. Before fixing the tray to the solution, the siphon must be attached to the drain and sealed. You need to connect after the solution has completely dried. After installing the pallet on the solution in the seat, be sure to check the level, if necessary, adjust.
On the frame
Such pallets stand on legs fixed in the frame, with the possibility of height adjustment. Sometimes manufacturers supply their products already mounted for installation, but more often the frame comes as a separate kit. In the latter case, before installing the pallet, you need to assemble it according to the diagram attached to the instructions, then fasten it to the pallet. Before installing the product in a marked place, you need to mount the drain.
The siphon is connected to the sewer pipe, the hole is sealed with a cuff and insulated with silicone sealant. The drain funnel is mounted after installing the pallet in a regular place. Despite the presence of the frame, acrylic pallets can bend under the weight of a person, which can subsequently lead to cracking and product replacement. In this case, it is necessary to measure the distance from the floor to the bottom of the bottom, and also make reinforcement from metal pipes or bricks, gas silicate blocks, then cover with a rubber mat of a suitable size.
Acrylic pallets on the frame frame are equipped with “aprons” - decorative plastic panels that repeat the shape of the front. Aprons are mounted after installing the pallet using self-tapping screws. The screw heads are closed with the decorative buttons that come with the kit. After mounting a decorative apron, the frame and the possible reinforcement become invisible to the eye. If the pallet does not provide for the installation of curtains or cabs on it, then the last step will be to seal the joints between the wall and the edge of the product with sanitary silicone sealant. If you decide to mount the structure on a wooden floor, you need to choose a suitable sealant for it. Carrying out the dismantling with your own hands, it is necessary to disassemble all the fences, the screen, the metal frame and remove the seal.
How to strengthen the design?
There are many options for enhancing the design of the shower tray. Firstly, it depends on the distance between the bathroom floor and the bottom of the bottom of the pan. Secondly, from the presence or absence of a pallet frame. A big mistake would be to use only foam.
Over time, it collapses, nothing will remain of such amplification except trash. To date, the easiest and most reliable way is to use bricks and gas silicate blocks with a rubber gasket between them and the bottom of the pallet. In this case, the load will be evenly distributed, the probability of deformation of the pallet is minimized. To reliably strengthen the structure, you can purchase a set of ready-made reinforcement.
Professionals give some recommendations.
- When installing a low shower tray directly on the floor, if it is not tiled, be sure to seal the joints between the floor and the walls.
- To equip the sewage system, if the drain pipe is not recessed into the wall, a hole under it is cut out in the side wall of the low pan or in the decorative apron with an ordinary crown for a tree of the desired diameter.
- To seal the pan use a sealant with antifungal additives. Otherwise, all joints will go black fungus, which is practically not removed from silicone.
- If the tray is part of the shower cabin, all water outlets for the shower column and electrical cables for possible lighting and radio must be made before installation.
- The installation of the curtains on the pallet is carried out after the sealant has completely dried, the joints between the curtain doors and walls must be sealed.
- Installation of a shower cubicle with rear walls and a shower column begins with a pallet, after which a shower column is connected and mounted in a place intended for it. The back walls are connected to it, then the doors. If the cabin is with a roof, the roof is put last.
- In order to subsequently change the pallet or cabin for something else, it is worth laying ceramic tiles on the entire floor and walls of the bathroom.
If the pallet is high, and there is no decorative apron or it was accidentally damaged , you can make gypsum-fiber board sewing on the outer perimeter on a frame of standard profiles. At the same time, it will be possible to embed the inspection door to control the sewer. A straight surface can be faced with the same tiles that were used to design the bathroom. Curved surfaces can be covered with mosaic tiles, echoes in color and texture with the main decoration of the room.
See how to install a shower tray correctly in the next video.