Old furniture in a home is usually depressing and depressing. Holes and abrasions in the upholstery, peeling paint and unfashionable design cause a desire to escort boring home decoration to the nearest landfill. And let the new chair be flimsy and unreliable, but how many positive emotions from updating the interior. But you can get much more pleasure by giving a second life to the old thing. There is creativity in each of us, and some tips will help you realize it.
Ways to restore old furniture
Restoring old furniture is a time-consuming process, but undoubtedly creative. The use of various techniques, the wealth of choice of materials and their combinations allows you to get a unique thing of its kind. The methods used in the repair depend on the type of furniture and the degree of damage, but the preparatory stage unites them all: removing the old coating from the surface of a wooden product in any way possible, for example, with sandpaper, starting from coarser and finishing with fine-grained.
- Traditional methods of updating furniture are varnishing and staining . In this way, you can update the coverage partially or completely.
- Another popular and inexpensive way is lamination , that is, coating the surface with a film. It is more suitable for flat surfaces. When gluing, it is important to start the movement from the center, gradually moving to the edges. This will avoid unaesthetic bubbles.
- Veneer coating is a more professional type of restoration. Materials will require special glue, iron and the actual veneer sheets. The technology is not very complicated - 2 layers of glue are applied to the surface, veneers are applied and ironed from the center to the edges. The method is somewhat similar to the previous one, but the result looks much more noble.
- Of the fashionable trends in the renovation of furniture , decoupage, craquelure, and paint painting are more preferred.
If the object of restoration is upholstered furniture, for example, a chair, then in addition to basic activities, you will probably need to change the upholstery. When updating soft surfaces, sometimes it is enough just to alter the decorative fabric. But most often under the cover are hidden internal breakdowns that require major repairs.
What features of chairs need to be considered during restoration?
Before proceeding with the repair, it is important to determine the type of chair, its purpose and design features. It is necessary to evaluate the visible damage and try to predict the probable internal ones. These data will help to understand what tools and materials will be useful to us. Next, several classifications will be considered.
By purpose, the following groups are distinguished:
- For home. This group includes chairs in the kitchen, living room, study and other rooms. Most often they are universal and are used in any room of the apartment;
- For the street, most often they make models from plastic and polymers. There are examples of wooden street chairs, but they must be treated with moisture-resistant impregnations;
- Office chairs are mobile, have a back and sometimes armrests, are equipped with height adjustment;
- Bar stools have a height of up to 80 cm, come with a back and without. The seat of a bar stool is most often round, the availability of upholstery depends on the model.
By the method of manufacturing the frame there are such chairs:
- Joiner chairs are the easiest to manufacture, which were done in labor lessons at school;
- Turned - so named because all the elements of circular cross section are made on the machine;
- Bent chairs are made on special equipment. The tree is steamed, given the desired shape and dried;
- Cast or stamped models are made of metal or plastic.
According to the type of seat, the chairs are divided into the following options:
- Tough. These are models without flooring;
- Semi-soft. These include chairs without a spring block with a foam pad in 2-4 cm;
- Upholstered chairs. For elasticity, equipped with springs and a layer of foam, the average thickness of which is 3-5 cm.
By the presence of armrests:
- Chairs with armrests can be hard or soft with leather or textile upholstery.
Removing old upholstery and frame inspection
The initial stage of the constriction of the chair is its disassembly. When dismantling every detail, remember and note where it was, this will facilitate the assembly of the finished product. The first step is to remove the seat, for this you need to remove all the fasteners (bolts, nails, staples, metal plates). In the same way, the analysis of the back is carried out if there is one.
After this, you should inspect the chair frame for hidden damage, cracks, loose joints, check the condition of the springs, which have become unusable are easily replaced with a jute tape. Next is the analysis of the seat and backrest: removing the staples and carefully removing the finishing fabric and filler. Throwing them away right away is not worth it, since it is easy to make a pattern on them and measure the approximate consumption of fabric. The plywood base must be cleaned of the remnants of foam and glue, if it is cracked, then cut a new one. The next stage is the preparation of materials and tools.
How to choose materials?
Having assessed the scope of work, we can proceed to compiling a list of materials. Changing the upholstery usually requires the use of the following materials.
The choice of upholstery is entirely a matter of the taste of the master and the features of the interior. But there are nuances: not every fabric is suitable for hauling a chair at home.
Therefore, you need to follow a few recommendations:
- The aesthetic appearance of the future cover should be combined with practicality. Avoid pungent and fading options. Possibly, low-quality, toxic dye was used in the production.
- Thick fabric with a nap will help the novice hide upholstery flaws. At the same time, when cutting details, it is important to consider the direction of the pile. If you forget about this feature, the color of the parts in the final product may differ.
- To save on fabric consumption, you should prefer a smooth material with a small abstract pattern. This texture and texture allows you to place patterns economically, in any direction.
- If the highlight of your design should be a drawing or a large ornament, then get ready to buy more fabric. In this case, when cutting, the direction of the lines is important. The mismatch of the pattern on the seats and backrest stands out sharply and looks messy. For example, if the red stripe changes sharply to blue, or the details of the ornament are offset relative to each other.
- When choosing a decorative upholstery, consider the purpose of the chair. For example, for kitchen chairs, you should choose a durable and easy to clean material.
- Faux leather upholstery will add solidity to the furniture, but it will be slightly more durable than other types of fabric.
These tips do not imply a limited choice.
Types of upholstery fabrics can be various:
- The most common fabric in the manufacture of upholstered furniture is a tapestry . This fabric is two-layer, it has a rich texture and texture. But she conquered furniture makers not only with beauty, but also with strength, durability and practicality. It can be washed, it does not fade in the sun. The tapestry has antistatic properties, due to this, dust is not collected on its surface.
- Another popular option is chenille . This is a beautiful, affordable fabric made of fluffy chenille threads. The canvas woven from such a thread turns out to be voluminous, and to the touch it is soft and velvety. The use of chenille threads in various types of weaving (tapestry, jacquard, satin) allows you to get interesting textures, and a combination of different colors (their number sometimes reaches eighteen) creates unique patterns. The best option for hauling chairs at home are samples with a mixed composition. The presence of artificial fibers increases the wear resistance of the fabric. The main drawback of chenille is hygroscopicity: water stains on it and its deformation is likely, so it is not suitable for kitchen chairs.
- Flock is an artificial analogue of velvet. It meets all the requirements for upholstery fabric: pleasant appearance, durability, ease of care (easy to clean with water), not afraid of animal claws.
- Velor is one of the most expensive and impractical upholstery fabrics, velvety to the touch, effective, but quickly wears out. Suitable for furniture that is rarely used.
- Tugging the chair with genuine leather , you will get a practical thing for many years. But this material is quite expensive, so leather substitutes are offered to the consumer: ecoskin and dermantine. Kozhzam adopted the external characteristics of real leather, but inferior in quality. Upholstery with leatherette will last from 2 to 5 years, depending on the intensity of operation. Perhaps hauling eco-leather will slightly increase the life of the product.
For the constriction of soft chairs at home, the choice of filler is not so great: synthetic winterizer or foam rubber. Having stopped on a synthetic winterizer, pay attention to its color and smell. A different shade from white, as well as the presence of a pungent odor, indicates use in the production of second-rate or toxic raw materials. Check the structure of the material and its strength. A cloth of uneven thickness and density, which is easy to tear with your hands, definitely will not work. Suitable foam rubber is easy to distinguish in structure: the smaller the bubbles, the higher the density and quality. In order not to be deceived by the seller, make sure that when pressed, the sample does not emit cod (artificially sealed cells burst).
- If the chair is spring loaded, then you may need a jute tape. She can replace springs that have become unusable.
- Elements for decoration: ribbons, lace, cords, buttons and others.
- Cardboard or heavy paper for a pattern.
- Primer, paint, varnish or stain for the frame.
- Plywood sheet.
- PVA glue.
Of the tools useful are the following:
- Furniture stapler with staples or a hammer with furniture nails;
- Screwdriver, pliers, wire cutters, side cutters;
- Centimeter tape, scissors, ruler;
- Durable sewing threads (recommended by Titan);
- Sewing machine.
Replacement process step by step
- Frame repair. The old coating is removed, all cracks identified during inspection are carefully glued, chips are puttied. Weakened joints are sealed, for example, by an inserted wedge, and are additionally fixed with glue. Failing springs are removed, jute strips are fixed in their place in a checkerboard pattern. If the bottom is plywood, then depending on the condition it can be changed to a new one or cleaned of glue and filler residues. The frame is covered with paint, varnish or stain, or one of the modern decoration techniques is used. In order for the new coating to last longer, the surface should be primed before painting. A white primer is suitable if you intend to use paint, colorless allows you to save the picture of the tree, so it is suitable for varnishing. After the primer dries, the surface is ground and painted in at least 2 layers.
- While the frame dries, the seat is reprogrammed . First of all, fabric and foam parts are cut out. If the old upholstery cannot be used as a template, then a pattern is made of cardboard. For this, the plywood base is circled and 2-4 cm are added to allowances. Using a clerical knife, filler is cut out. Then a fabric pattern is made on the same pattern. Remember that offsets and inconsistencies in the picture are not allowed. When cutting the fabric, leave 10 cm allowances for the hem.
- The next step is to tighten the seat . If the seat is a separate part, then filler is glued to the upper side of the base. When the glue dries, spread the upholstery fabric upside down and cover the seat with the foam side. Make sure the base is positioned correctly relative to the pattern or pattern. Successively nail the edges of the fabric to the base with a furniture gun (1-2 cm increments), trying to avoid large creases. This stage is difficult to perform on your own, because the fabric must be tightly and evenly pulled from all sides. It is important to observe the “golden mean”: if the tension is too tight, the foam rubber deforms and wears out faster. Trim the excess fabric. If the seat is inseparable from the frame, then all the manipulations are carried out immediately on the chair, and if there are springs, it is advisable to close them with a dense cloth, for example, burlap, and place the filler on top of it.
- Next is the back. The actions are almost identical to the previous step. Before sheathe a fixed back, drag it with flax from jute, then cover with burlap and attach the filler. If you want to decorate the back with a carriage screed, then cut holes in the foam rubber and fabric where the furniture buttons will be inserted.
All the steps described above are applicable also when the restored chair initially did not have a soft seat.
Assembly and decoration
All parts are ready, so you can start assembling. If during the dismantling of the chair it was recorded and noted what and how should be fixed, then there will be no problems. Just glue all the parts and screw them in the reverse order. Now it remains to decorate and decorate the finished product. The ugly back of the back should be covered with a cloth, carefully stitching along the edge. The bottom also needs to be hidden. Seams can be decorated with braid or decorative furniture nails, lace or even beads. It all depends on your imagination.
Examples and options
The traditional methods of restoration were described in detail above, but no one canceled the creative. If you have several unnecessary leather belts, then use them for upholstery. They need to be twisted in the form of a basket and secured from the bottom with screws. Interesting results can be obtained using the patchwork technique. The main thing is that the fabric characteristics of the flaps meet the requirements for upholstery fabric. For a more strictly interior, you can use pastel shreds. Instead of staining, the frame can be braided with twine. Some craftsmen even weave seats out of a thick and strong rope.
Summing up, we can say that to drag an old chair with your own hands is a completely feasible task.
The main thing is to observe several rules:
- When disassembling, it is important to note the order and features of fastening parts;
- The choice of material depends on the purpose of the chair. In any case, it is better to give preference to universal fabrics;
- It is advisable to evaluate the quality of the filler before purchase, and not after a week, when the chair sags again;
- The hustle and bustle in such work is superfluous. Each step must be thought out and carefully executed.
You will find a chair-hauling workshop in the next video.