Regardless of the variety, any rose can become a decoration of the garden, since it is unpretentious as a flower, does not require much attention, but at the same time it pleases with incredible beauty and a variety of colors. Roses of floribunda are one of the most popular varieties, as they are resistant to temperature extremes, and are resistant to diseases and pests.
What it is?
Floribunda roses are a hybrid of tea and wild roses, which are also known as polyanthus. Garden flower is mainly grown for decorative purposes in private gardens. Flowers appear on small, but very dense shrubs that have thick stems. In the period of abundant flowering, inflorescences appear at the end of the stem.
Hybrid tea roses, which were taken as the basis of this species, were cultivated for many years , so that more double flowers or single flowers, but gathered in small groups, began to appear on the bush. This type is characterized by a long flowering period. Some varieties show large bushes, others - compact, ideally created for confined spaces.
Floribunds differ from them in that they show flowers in large dense clusters with a large number of ovaries. All open simultaneously in each inflorescence. From a technical point of view, floribunda flowers are less perfect than hybrid tea, and can be single, semi-double or double. Moreover, they are less fragrant.
However, their advantage is that such roses are more tolerant of negative environmental factors. They give more flowers and continue to bloom for a long period.
They can also be grown in large containers. Floribunda do not need trellis.
The plant offers shades such as:
Some varieties of Floribundan roses can even be multicolored. One example is the George Burns rose - yellow with red spots.
The foliage of most shrubs is light to dark green in color. The leaves are usually oval and somewhat pointed at the end. From afar, their upper part may appear to have a glossy finish. Spikes usually appear on the stem just above the leaves, but below the flower.
Gardeners do not have difficulties with growing floribunda roses. Plants should be watered frequently to prevent the soil from drying out, add at least 5.08-7.62 cm of mulch to the ground around the bush to control the temperature of the soil and prevent the appearance of weeds. From time to time, pruning may be required to help the plant maintain its shape. Fertilizer can be added during the spring and summer months.
Many people prefer to plant floribunda roses as an accent plant in the garden for butterflies or bumblebees. Others place bushes as a border around other flowers. They can be grown in large containers on the patio or balcony. The versatility of these roses, together with great diversity, makes the plant popular in all years.
- "Leonardo da Vinci." Gustomakhrovy variety, with abundant and very dense foliage. It is characterized by abundant and long-term flowering. In the sun, bright saturated pink flowers do not fade, they are not afraid of abundant humidity.
- "Augusta Louise." The gardener will be pleased with the large-sized flowers, which have an iridescent shade, depending on the ambient temperature. May be wine or peach.
- "Niccolo Paganini." Red velvet rose is more common in warm climates. It pleases gardeners with abundant flowering and disease resistance. Great for decorating flower beds.
- "Kimono". First appeared forty years ago, the shade of flowers is salmon pink. In each inflorescence, 20 flowers are collected. It blooms very abundantly, the bush turns out to be spreading, but is subject to black spotting.
- "Pomponella." A rose for flower beds that can be pulled up strongly. Flowers have a dark pink color, they are collected in brushes of 7 pieces. Bushes of the plant are branched, but stand straight.
- Bonica. It is popular with gardeners because it quickly takes root and grows, in addition, during the flowering period it is completely covered with flowers of a soft pink hue. The plant continues to delight with its beauty until late autumn.
- Midsummer. The bushes have medium-sized flowers, which are also thick double, with a red-orange tint. If we talk about endurance, then this is one of the most powerful plants.
- "Samba". The variety of roses, which is covered with specks, the flowers themselves are reddish yellow. Even on a cloudy day, such bushes in the flower bed make the atmosphere festive. Being in the sun, the flowers do not fade, but only become brighter.
- The Brothers Grimm. Bushes of this rose are often used on flowerbeds in park areas, since the plant has good resistance to disease and requires a minimum of attention. The flowers are bright orange, gathered in large brushes. This is a thick-terry variety with dark green glossy foliage. The rose can grow up to 70 centimeters, the bushes are branched.
- "Arthur Bell." Floribunda, which has gained particular popularity in regions with cold winters, because it can survive frost without additional shelter and not die. Bright yellow flowers eventually become closer to a lemon shade or even cream. The petals are half-terry, in the middle there are raspberry-colored stamens.
- "Geisha". Rose, which is popular due to the large growth and sprawl of shoots. Apricot-orange flowers are collected in attractive large inflorescences, which appear in large numbers on the bush. On average, the height of the rose reaches 80 centimeters.
- "The face of an angel." The plant was bred in 1968. Rose has peaked buds. The flowers are quite large, have good terry, have lavender and lilac petals surrounded by golden stamens. Cup-shaped or flat, they are produced almost continuously throughout the season. Rose has a strong fruity aroma.
- "Apricot". This rose began to delight gardeners since 1965. Cup-shaped flowers on the bushes, clusters made up of three or more buds. Their fruity (apricot) aroma is quite strong. The leaves are dark green, leathery and glossy. Bushes turn out fluffy, but compact.
- "Betty Boop." Are at the disposal of gardeners since 1938. This is one of the first hybrids of floribunda. Over this period, the rose has retained its popularity due to the fragrant aroma and bright pink flowers. Single buds consist of five petals.
- "Brown Velvet." This is one of the few roses that has a unique brown color. On the buds across are 35 petals. The bushes emit a slight fragrance. The variety is popular due to its resistance to diseases.
- "Cathedral". Bred in 1975 as a gift for the anniversary of the restoration of Coventry Cathedral in England. The rose has high flowers ranging from dark apricot to orange, turning into a shade of yellow. The fragrance is light but pleasant.
- "Chic." Long pointed buds grow into flowers of a pure bright white tone. Each flower has 20 to 25 petals and produces a light fruity aroma. They can bloom both with free-standing buds, and consisting in inflorescences. The variety is winter-hardy.
- "Escapade". The bushes have simple pink flowers with a white spot in the center. The rose has an exceptional aroma, blooms profusely, hardy. The plant is used for low hedges.
- "Europeans." A plant whose buds have a rich red color without any impurities. It is used very often when creating bouquets. You can plant in large quantities on the flower beds. Rosa is immune to fungal diseases, so they like to use it in the beds of parks and squares.
- "Fashion". It has oval buds that turn into coral-peach flowers with 20–25 petals and a sweet aroma. Bushes bloom at the same time and delight with the abundance of color.
- "Lord of the Fire." The variety was bred in 1959. Oval buds open and turn into inflorescences from fiery scarlet to orange-red tones with 50 petals. The plant has a musky aroma, dark green foliage and leathery. This rose has good winter hardiness, but is prone to mold.
- "First Edition." It boasts coral-orange buds and the same colors. Petals are surrounded by yellow stamens, the smell is light, sweet. Bushes are formed erect. This rose is great for creating bouquets.
- "French Lace". Delicate and unable to withstand the cold rose. It is grown in milder climates. Flowers make a lasting impression. The hue is close to pale apricot, sometimes creamy white, always have the elegant shape of a classic hybrid tea rose. It blooms until the end of autumn.
- "Gene Berner." A classic among floribundas that displays medium-sized pink flowers, fairly dense, with 35 petals in bloom. The bushes are unusually tall and slender, which allows them to be used in a small space. Rose is extremely tolerant to heat and humidity.
- "Gruss An Aachen." The buds of this plant are described in red-orange and yellow colors. During flowering, it is difficult not to notice the rich aroma. Leaves are green and dense. A rose can bloom even in partial shade. It will be an excellent choice for creating a small hedge.
- "Hannah Gordon." Has large double flowers, white with a pink border. Each flower has about 35 petals and a light aroma. It blooms continuously throughout the season. The foliage is big. The bush is erect, compact.
- "Iceberg". One of those roses that are tolerant of cold. It can grow with equal success in the south. The flowers are double, pure white and very fragrant, held in groups over light green foliage. A wonderful plant to create a winter-hardy hedge that will continue to bloom from late spring to autumn and even in the winter in the south.
- "Impatient." The name of this variety suggested that the plant should immediately bloom again after the first cessation of flowering, however, the interval was large. Slightly fragrant flowers have a bright orange tint with a yellow base. On each flower from 20 to 30 petals.
- "Independence". Brilliant orange-red flowers have a special contrast. They are very fragrant, stand out against the background of foliage. Although flowering may be more intermittent than other floribundas, this rose shows good fertility. The plant was bred by the German scientist Wilhelm Cordes.
- "Intrigue". Really intriguing flowers that have a plum hue. Very fragrant. The bushes have very spreading stems, on each bud there are 20 petals. Dark green foliage covers spiky trunks.
- "Ivory". The bush has creamy white roses during the flowering period, which start with rounded buds of yellow or peach color. The variety boasts a pleasant, but not sugary aroma.
- "Dove". Rose was bred in 1956. The flowers have a mixture of yellow and salmon pink. Bushes grow quite large and wide. It is a winter-hardy variety with dark green foliage that requires regular pruning.
- "Ma Perkins." The plant creates a compact bush. This rose first appeared on the market almost half a century ago. Her flowers are unusual for floribunda: pink shell with a touch of apricot and cream. The flowers are fragrant, foliage has a deep glossy green hue. The shrub has a compact form, so it is possible to form a flowering hedge from it.
- "Margaret Merrill." It has large fragrant flowers that seem to be covered with blush on a white background. The intensity of the smell of a rose can be compared with perfumes that would have a slightly citrus notes with spices. The plant feels great in a humid climate, although it is prone to black spotting.
- "Marina". It is characterized by long pointed buds that turn into large flowers of bright orange-red color with a yellow base. They have from 35 to 40 petals, the aroma is elegant.
- "Matador". Flowers combine scarlet, orange with golden yellow shades. The smell is very light, pleasant. Bushes bloom for a long time, do not require special attention.
- "Orangeade". The slightly fragrant medium flowers on the shrub have 12 to 15 petals. The color is very interesting, like a bright orange, underlined by bright yellow stamens. The bushes have natural protection against mold, so they do not need to be specially treated.
- "Playboy". It boasts burgundy-bronze buds, which subsequently form large flowers, where up to 10 petals. Blossom until late autumn, the bushes look simply gorgeous: bright inflorescences against a background of dark green leaves. This rose is resistant to disease and tolerates partial shade.
- "Pleasure". The bushes of this rose have highly tousled, well-formed coral pink flowers. The aroma of the plant is not strong, but there are long stems. As soon as the rose fades, the process immediately starts again.
- "Sarabande." The rose is named after the majestic ancient court dance. It has a slight smell, but is popular for large buds of an unusual pink color with yellow stamens.
Roses need open ground and soil well enriched with organic substances. Seedlings can be bought without roots from November to March. Such planting material is much cheaper than container plants.
If sleeping bushes are purchased, then after purchase immediately lower the roots into a bucket of water. Leave in a humid environment for no more than a day, since a longer stay in such conditions can lead to rotting of the root system. If the rose is not planned to be planted immediately, then you can simply moisten the cloth with water and wrap the roots in it.
Before planting, the roots are cut a few centimeters. This procedure may seem wild and terrifying, but is actually good practice. Such actions stimulate the growth of new roots, especially fibrous ones, which absorb nutrients and moisture from the soil. Thick woody roots serve no purpose other than fixing the plant in the ground.
Floribunda must be planted at a distance of 45-60 cm from each other. Before planting, the land is cultivated, a pit is prepared, dung, garden compost or other organic matter is added to the bottom. It is necessary to make a deepening rather wide and deep so that the roots fully enter the pit along with the root neck. This is very important, since the point, which is the junction of the roots and the trunk, should not be outside - it is immersed in the ground by 5 centimeters. If this joint is damaged, the plant dies.
The use of fertilizers during planting allows you to provide the rose with the necessary nutrients. The best time for planting is spring: before the fall, there will be enough time for the rose to take root.
If the gardener plans to propagate the flowers with cuttings, then the planting material is first planted in small containers, where it must take root. The soil is watered abundantly, but it should not be too wet. Top is covered with a film or a glass jar, which allow you to create a greenhouse effect.
The main preparation of the flowerbed for winter is not only pruning. Sometimes it is required to cover roses so that they do not freeze. Not all varieties require increased attention from the gardener, but still there are some. You can cover it with earth for the winter, that is, tack it, cover it with old foliage or use old blankets or other material.
In the first spring after planting, the plant is pruned from the base to three or four buds - this is one of the key rules on how to grow healthy roses. In the fall, roses will also need to be pruned, as this is one of the mandatory steps to care for them, however, there are bushes that look beautiful and spreading. Floribund pruning is best done in the spring, after the risk of frost has passed.
Remove all weak shoots and sick. Remember that new branches will never be stronger than those with which they grow, so you should be merciless. Beginning gardeners need to remember that, unlike hybrid tea varieties, floribunda are grown as bushes. Thus, if you cut to almost ground level, the necessary shape of the plant is preserved.
When growth begins, they feed the bushes with fertilizer and continue to do this once a month until the end of July. It can be either multicomponent fertilizers, as well as manure, mineral additives, ammonia or calcium nitrate.
But care does not end only with fertilizing, sheltering or pruning - it is required to spray the plants in a timely manner, if necessary.
Hygiene is the key to making roses grow healthy and not be affected by pests and diseases. All scraps are always cleaned and destroyed, and in the fall or at the beginning of winter, fallen leaves, which are the wintering places of some insects.
Aphids are always a problem, not only because they feed on sap and weaken plants, but also because they are considered carriers of certain diseases. Fungal diseases, especially powdery mildew, thrive in confined spaces. That is why it is so important to thin out the bushes and not water them from above - only under the root.
The most universal remedy is copper sulfate. Its weak solution should be sprayed with plants in early spring. It is prepared only in a plastic or glass container. Concentration can be either 1% or 3%, but not more.
A drug like Funkgineks is great for combating mold, and a solution of hydrated sulfur in lime can be used to remove rust or black spots.
For how to grow floribunda roses, see the next video.