The birth of a child is an exciting and reverent event for all family members. A newborn baby needs love, increased attention and care. The purchase of baby clothes, cribs, strollers, bedding and toys begins long before the birth of the baby, to whom parents choose only high-quality products from well-known manufacturers. On the shelves of specialized children's stores you can see a huge assortment of goods of this group.
The high price of basic necessities surprises not only young parents, but also families that already have children. You can reduce material costs by using the independent production of children's things and bedding.
If mothers who can sew and knit can make things for a child, then even parents with minimal knowledge in the field of needlework can sew bedding for crumbs.
What material to choose?
Self-production of baby bedding will make it possible not only to choose the material you need, the color and style of the kit, but also to make bright decorative applications.
The right choice of fabric is the key to a comfortable baby's sleep. Experts do not recommend choosing artificial materials. Bedding, which includes cotton, is the best option for newborns. Among the main advantages of natural material are the following:
- lack of allergic components;
- delicate texture;
- comfortable sleep.
The most popular are sets of satin, poplin, calico, phlox, bamboo.
Most manufacturers prefer coarse calico. Coarse calico has a smooth surface and a loose structure, which contributes to the unhindered movement of air and moisture. These indicators are important for newborns.
- high level of density;
- resistance to friction;
- ease of care;
- lack of electric charges on the surface;
- long-term preservation of shape and color scheme;
- lack of shrinkage;
- affordable price range;
- the opportunity to use at any time of the year.
Disadvantages: rolling pile, soft colors.
Poplin is a modern analogue of calico, the sales volume of which is increasing annually. This material has the following positive parameters:
Among the shortcomings of the material, it can be noted that it slides a lot.
It is undesirable to lay soft and soft cotton underwear in the crib, due to the low resistance to mechanical damage and the rapid fading of the pattern.
Advantages: reasonable price, large color range, no wrinkles after washing.
Disadvantages: poor twisting of threads, fineness, washing only in delicate mode with low temperature.
Satin is a dense material with a smooth surface. He is good at leaving, but has a serious drawback - a high price range.
Bamboo products not only have high hygroscopicity and moisture permeability, but also have high strength, absorb odor, have antimicrobial and anti-mite properties.
Nevertheless, the price of such material will not be at all small.
For the manufacture of a winter bedding set, experts recommend paying attention to the flannel. Among the main advantages of fabric, the following should be highlighted:
- use only natural dyes;
- long period of operation;
- resistance to mechanical friction;
- preservation of a delicate texture after repeated washing;
- heat preservation;
- the presence of fleece.
- long drying period;
- a large percentage of shrinkage.
Less common types of fabric are: satin, satin-luxury, polyester, ranfors, super-cotton.
Before buying the necessary material, you must definitely look at the quality certificates, in which the manufacturer indicates the level of safety of the paint used, the density of the threads and their quality. Information on the duration and mode of washing is also necessary. The percentage of shrinkage of the material after washing is reflected in the amount of purchased goods.
Professional seamstresses recommend choosing material for several sets , the color scheme of which would have common tones, and the products would harmoniously combine with each other. Such a trick will help young parents not to change their clothes completely, but to clean only soiled items, and change them into parts of another set.
The color scheme of baby bedding is a very important indicator that will affect the child’s sleep. You can not choose material with large and bright patterns that will not only scare the newborn, but will also look dull and untidy after a large number of washings.
Shades of linen should be calm, warm, and non-aggressive. Professional psychologists recommend giving preference to blue, pink and beige colors.
How to calculate the amount of material?
In order for the stitched kit not to be redone, one must correctly take measurements or use the standard sizes and make all the necessary calculations.
Standard sizes for baby bedding:
- pillowcase: height - 40 cm, length - 60 cm;
- sheet: width - 110 cm, length - 140 cm;
- duvet cover: length - 140 cm, width - 100 cm.
Before buying fabric, it is necessary to measure the pillow and mattress, the dimensions of which can significantly differ from the standard ones.
To make one standard set, you need to buy at least four meters of material, and for non-standard mattresses and pillows, the fabric consumption is much more. At least 15 cm must be added to this length for shrinkage on each product, and for each edge add another 1.5 cm for the seam.
Before you begin the process of cutting out all parts of bedding, you need to perform preparatory work, which consists of washing, drying and ironing all the material. These works will lead to the shrinkage of the whole material, and exclude the deformation of the finished product.
For the rational use of fabric, it is necessary to correctly place all the elements of the product on the canvas. Experienced seamstresses and specialized literature will tell you the rules for the simultaneous location of all parts of the bed set.
These guidelines will help reduce waste and unnecessary material residues.
Using a ruler and chalk, it is necessary to draw all the necessary lines, the size of which must correspond to the measurements taken. Instead of chalk, you can use small and thin remnants of toilet soap.
The transverse placement of kit parts will reduce the number of scraps. For a harmonious arrangement of patterns, you need to choose a fabric with a scattered pattern or image near the edge.
How to sew?
Making bedding with your own hands may seem like a time-consuming process, but this type of work has a number of undeniable advantages:
- making a kit of the right size;
- independent choice of design and color scheme;
- rational use of the family budget.
Before starting independent sewing of bed linen, you need to take care of acquiring the necessary tools and devices:
- sewing needles;
- cutting scissors;
- dry chalk or remnant;
- threads of the necessary color scheme;
- sewing machines;
- ironing board and iron.
After cutting all the details, you can start sewing the kit. Professional seamstresses perform these works in any sequence, and it is better for novice craftsmen to start sewing with a sheet.
A master class from needlework specialists, and step-by-step instructions on how to complete the work will greatly simplify the work of novice housewives.
Making pillowcases for pillows is not a difficult step in the production of bedding. For its implementation, it is necessary to fold the product so that the front side is inside. Sew all the edges, and on the one hand leave an unexpired place about 20 cm long to form the valve. Unscrew the finished product and fill the valve inward. Gently straighten the corners of the finished pillowcase and straighten it.
Before you put a pillow in a new pillowcase on the bed for the child, you must carefully study the recommendations of medical professionals who categorically prohibit the use of this item in a crib. Only a child over two years old can sleep on a pillow.
The pattern of the duvet cover must necessarily correspond to the size of the blanket. The workpiece blank must be folded back to the wrong side, and all sides are stitched, and the cut is sewn. On one side, about 40 cm should be left unexpired for a blanket. Unscrew the finished product and carefully straighten all corners.
This product is the easiest to manufacture. Before starting work, you need to decide what it will be. There are three types of sheets:
- on an elastic band;
- on elastic braid.
For the manufacture of a simple rectangular product, it is enough to simply hem all sides, tucking them twice in 0.5 cm or overcast the place of cut, and only then hem the edges by tucking them once. Beginning seamstresses must first sketch the tucked edges, and then lay the machine seam. Threads should be chosen in a contrasting color and neat stitches should be done so that they do not leave any marks after removal.
If the sheet was cut on a standard pattern, then the two sides already have a finished border, and do not need to be hemmed again. In the case of rough factory processing, these sides must also be hemmed again.
The manufacture of a product with an elastic band is a longer and more laborious process requiring a certain amount of experience.
Mothers with several children recommend this particular type of sheet, which will prevent crushing of the product in the crib, and reduce the number of overdoses.
The amount of fabric for a sheet on an elastic band should be taken more than for ordinary. When determining the size of the product, it is necessary to take into account the fitting of the mattress, allowances for seams and drawstring for elastic. The standard size of the product is 150 by 110 cm. The corners of the sheet must be stitched so that the product fits tightly around the mattress. Stitch the edges, taking into account the placement of the gum, and evenly distribute it over the entire prepared edge.
A simpler and more convenient option for a sheet with an elastic band is a product with elastic braid.
Self-production of baby bedding is a creative process. Parents want not only to make high-quality bedding, but also to decorate them. Before choosing decorative elements, it is necessary to take into account the age of the child.
It is strictly forbidden to use lightning, rhinestones, buttons, Velcro and other objects that can cause harm to a newborn to decorate. To decorate bedding, you can use frills, ruffles, decorative ribbons and multi-colored border.
A sewn and decorated product must be washed with baby soap or powder, dried and ironed with a hot iron. An additional check of all parts of the kit for the presence of needles and pins is a prerequisite. Iron magnets can be used to find lost needles.
In the case of the purchase of finished goods, it is necessary to ask the seller for a quality certificate for this group of products, in which GOST 31307-2005 should stand. Purchasing poor quality bedding can adversely affect the health of a newborn baby.
A master class on tailoring a sheet with an elastic band, see the next video.