Among all varieties of climbing roses suitable for cultivation in the climatic conditions of Russia, a special place is occupied by those related to Irish breeding. These include the "Casino" - a view whose landing is preferred by an increasing number of domestic summer residents. This is due to the spectacular appearance of roses of this variety, the simplicity of care for them and many other tangible benefits, the description of which should be given special attention.
The variety in question, also known as Casino Climbing Rose, appeared due to the efforts of breeders McGredy in the early 60s of the last century. The botanical description of this species is presented below:
- a sprawling bush, the height of which can reach 4 m, and a width of 1.5 m;
- flower diameter - 10-11 cm;
- shiny leaves with an oblong shape;
- the number of flowers on the stem is up to 5;
- the presence of long and sharp spikes;
- flowering period - from early summer to autumn;
- the number of petals - in the region of 40;
- Recommended growing area - VI (USDA).
As for the most significant features of the Casino’s rose flowers, their spectacular yellow color, goblet shape and pleasant aroma should be attributed to them. The appearance of its petals is worthy of mention: the internal ones have a rich shade and smaller sizes, and the external ones are paler and larger.
On average, over the full growing season, the rose in question grows by 1.2-1.3 m. It blooms twice - at the beginning and at the end of summer, singly and with whole brushes, respectively, due to which it is referred to the repair category. Given the characteristics of this variety, its representatives are successfully used to decorate fences and semi-arches, the height of which does not exceed 3 m.
Also masters of landscape design note that the climbing rose "Casino" can be planted both separately and in whole groups (depending on the characteristics of the site and the preferences of its owner).
Advantages and disadvantages
Talking about the merits of the described climbing roses, it is first of all worth noting its high decorativeness. Such plants effectively decorate the adjoining territories. When cut, they are used to create original floristic compositions.
Other significant advantages of the Casino rose are:
- plentiful flowering;
- good resistance to precipitation;
- sophisticated tea aroma;
- long-term preservation of freshness in the cut;
- rapid growth.
The low susceptibility of this variety to fungal infections is also noteworthy. Based on the reviews of domestic summer residents, it can be argued that representatives of this species are distinguished by strong immunity, and therefore practically do not get sick.
The above advantages were appreciated by the Royal Rose Growing Society experts who awarded the Casino the highest award in 1963, and the organizers of the World Exhibition in Florida, calling it the best climbing variety of 2001.
The disadvantages of the described species are insignificant. These include the stiffness of the shoots, characteristic of all roses from the Klimber group, and not the highest winter hardiness. The last feature of the variety requires the obligatory arrangement of shelter from temperatures falling below -7 ° C. If this condition is ignored, the Casino rose freezes, but is restored quickly enough.
When deciding on the place to plant the described plant, preference should be given to well-ventilated light areas with moderate shading at lunchtime. Exposing the Casino to direct sunlight is strongly discouraged to avoid burns on the petals of its inflorescences. If the owner of the rose wants to plant it near the wall, he should maintain a distance of 60 cm (or more), comfortable for the root system of the plant. It is also necessary to consider that the variety "Casino" does not tolerate the close arrangement of trees and large shrubs.
As for the soil that is optimal for the climbing rose under consideration, it should be fertile and have a slightly acid reaction (pH value - from 5.5 to 6.5). Another significant condition is the deep occurrence of groundwater, which minimizes the likelihood of harmful plant oversaturation with moisture.
When the place for the rose "Casino" is chosen, you can begin to plant it. This procedure is not difficult and involves a step-by-step implementation of the following actions:
- dig a hole with a depth and diameter of 60 cm;
- place a drainage layer of gravel or gravel on the bottom of the created hole (recommended thickness - 10 cm);
- arrange a layer of a combination of earth and humus, the thickness of which is equal to the previous one;
- pour garden soil into the pit;
- treat the roots of the seedling with a mixture of clay soil with plenty of water and carefully spread them;
- place the young plant in the hole (the root neck should be 3 cm below the surface of the earth);
- to fill the soil in the depression and compact it;
- water the rose carefully.
Particular attention should be paid to the choice of planting material. Practice shows that the variety "Casino" retains its qualities only when propagated by a vegetative method. Experts advise harvesting cuttings cut from young, but already strong bushes at the end of the first flowering wave.
In order for the climbing rose "Casino" to be healthy and to please its owners with regular and plentiful flowering, you should take care of it, guided by the recommendations listed below.
Roses of the described variety are optimally suited for moderate watering, while they tolerate excess moisture poorly. In the absence of rain, a young plant needs about 20 liters of water once a week, and adults - 1.5 times more. If precipitation does occur, the owner of the Casino rose should consider their degree of intensity.
When watering a plant, it is necessary to avoid getting water on its stems and leaves. Following this advice allows you to negate the likelihood of developing fungal infections.
One of the most important requirements, compliance with which contributes to the rapid growth of the climbing rose in question, is the timely and regular application of fertilizers. In spring and early summer, the plant needs to be fed with organics mixed with potash and phosphorus additives. Then you should spray with drugs containing manganese, boron, copper and other trace elements.
In the second half of the summer, the casino rose needs phosphate top dressing to promote abundant re-flowering. With the onset of autumn, it is advisable to fertilize the plant with potash preparations, the timely assimilation of which helps to better adapt to low temperatures.
Tying the bush should be dealt with from the moment of planting. To do this, install the support grid at a small distance from the wall or drive into the last hooks to pull the wire.
The main shoots of the rose must be placed horizontally or with a fan; for the lateral, a vertical orientation is desirable. Gartering the plant to the support is carried out by means of a strong wire with a soft polymer coating, which helps to avoid damage to the stems.
The procedure under consideration is carried out in the spring, during the formation of buds in the lower part of the bush. It involves the removal of shoots that have not survived the winter. Pruning the Casino rose is also desirable in the summer, as getting rid of wilted flowers stimulates repeated flowering. If the bush has grown too much, its extra shoots must be removed in the fall.
At the end of the described procedure, all sections should be thoroughly dusted with crushed charcoal or activated carbon. This action accelerates the healing of wounds, drying them and preventing the development of pathogenic microflora.
Shelter for the winter
Given the negative impact of severe frost on the plants of this variety, with the onset of steady cold weather, they need to be carefully covered. To solve this problem, lapnik is ideal - branches of coniferous trees that are located above the rose removed from the support and between its shoots.
From above, you need to install a wire structure that rises about ¼ meters above the shelled plant. Such a frame should be covered with polyethylene and a material with good thermal insulation properties, leaving several ventilation openings.
Diseases and Pests
Despite the high resistance of the Casino rose to pathogenic microflora and pests, in some cases it can suffer from their destructive activity (as a rule, as a result of violation of agricultural engineering rules). The variety in question is most often concerned about two diseases.
- Powdery Mildew The cause of the misfortune is a fungal microflora, the development of which leads to the appearance of a whitish-gray coating on the stems and leaves. To get rid of it, it is necessary to remove all affected areas of the plant, and treat the rest with systemic fungicide.
- Bacterial cancer. A characteristic sign of the disease is the appearance of large growths on the roots and neck. Countering the disease involves the careful removal of pathological formations and the treatment of problem areas with a solution of copper sulfate.
As for pests, sometimes the casino variety can suffer from thrips, spider mites and aphids. The optimal solution to this problem is the timely use of broad-spectrum insecticides.
Thus, the climbing rose "Casino" can be safely recommended to every gardener who is in search of a spectacular and unpretentious decoration of his plot. This variety meets the expectations of the vast majority of owners from its inception to the present.
Even more information about the climbing rose "Casino" is waiting for you in the video below.