Landscaping refers to the popular areas of landscaping of a personal plot, park and green recreation area. For landscaping the selected area, designers use a huge number of plants, the assortment of which is constantly growing thanks to the painstaking work of breeders and biologists.
Professional masters in the field of landscape design recommend paying attention not only to popular decorative types of plants, but also using flowers donated by nature in our projects. One of the unique plants with a bright and beautiful appearance is euphorbia edged. It can become an adornment of any flower arrangement.
Euphorbia fringed is a poisonous plant whose milky juice contains euphorbin. Biologists call this plant "euphorbia marginata", "mountain snow" and "snow in the mountains." The plant belongs to the Euphorbia family and belongs to annuals. The natural habitat of this flower is the mountain slopes of the United States. The appearance of the flower resembles a snow-white ball. A distinctive feature is the presence of a white border on the leaves.
The annual plant has straight stems up to 85 cm high with pale green leaves. The shape of the leaves can be either round or pointed. Inflorescences are small in size and white in color. The flowering period lasts from mid-summer to the beginning of winter.
At home, the plant can live for several years, so it automatically becomes a perennial.
For planting a plant in open ground, gardeners recommend using seedlings grown at home. In mid-May, strong and healthy seedlings from containers can be transplanted to sunny areas of the garden. The optimal distance between the planting pits is 35 cm. Experts do not recommend planting the plant in wet and swampy areas. The main rules and features of planting seedlings in open ground:
- complete cleaning of the site from debris and weeds;
- the formation of landing pits at a distance of more than 30 cm from the edge of the flower bed;
- joint planting of plants with only the same root system;
- to protect the flower arrangement from dust and dirt, it is advisable to plant snowballs from the side of the road;
- sunlight is a guarantee of abundant and beautiful flowering;
- moistening the soil only by watering under the root;
- the most favorable zone for growth is the southern and eastern parts of the infield;
- Before the onset of frost, it is necessary to cut off the upper shoots and remove the entire root system;
- feeding is permissible only in the evening hours;
- To get young plants from seeds, you need to weed the flowerbed in spring and moisten the soil.
It is strictly forbidden to plant a plant near children's recreation areas and near pet walking.
To grow a flower at home, you need to choose low capacity large diameter.
How to care?
Euphorbia fringed is an unpretentious plant, the cultivation of which will not cause difficulties even for beginning gardeners. The flower can be planted both in open ground and in flower pots. Water the flower should be moderate and regular. The plant easily tolerates drought and negatively affects wetlands. In the summer, it is enough to moisten the soil 1 time per week . When growing a flower at home, watering is carried out only after the soil has completely dried. Experts do not recommend spraying euphorbia.
To plant a flower, you need to choose a sunny and warm place. In the room, the optimum temperature for growth should be in the range from +22 to + 24 degrees. An unpretentious plant can grow on a site with a high content of sand and gravel, but prefers nutritious earth mixtures. Botanists recommend using loose, nutritious and fertile soil with low acidity for planting.
At the bottom of the flower pot, it is imperative to pour a mixture of agroperlite, sand and soddy soil.
To stimulate the growth of young shoots, it is necessary to regularly carry out sanitary pruning of dried trunks and foliage, as well as to remove rotten roots. Pinching the top of the head allows the plant to release lateral shoots and acquire a lush crown. Before performing this type of work, it is necessary to wear garden rubber gloves, and after trimming, rinse the tools with running water and treat with disinfectants.
The plant responds positively to the application of potash, phosphorus and organic fertilizers. During flowering, experienced gardeners recommend feeding the flower with rotted manure or compost. Fertilizer can be applied 3-4 times a year through the same time periods. Beginning flower growers must take into account that an excess of nutrients can provoke a massive growth of shoots and lead to a decrease in the number of inflorescences.
In comfortable conditions, the snow globe will delight with abundant flowering until the end of autumn.
Propagation of the plant is carried out by seed and cuttings. Seeds for planting can be purchased in specialized stores or collected independently. After flowering, a small box with three seeds is formed on the plant. After the seed box has fully matured, it is necessary to tear it and extract the seed material.
Between February and April, seeds can be planted in prepared containers with nutritious soil. The height of the landing tank should not exceed 120 mm. Before sowing the seed material into the soil, it must be soaked for 2-3 hours in warm water.
Prepared seeds are laid out on the surface of the soil and moistened with a spray gun. Sprinkle the surface of the pot with a mixture of peat and sand and cover with plastic wrap. The most comfortable temperature for germination is + 18 degrees.
To prevent the surface of the container from fading, it is necessary to remove the film daily for ventilation. The soil in the pot should not dry out. Only after the appearance of the first sprouts can the film be removed, and at the stage of formation of two leaves, it is possible to pick.
To obtain a new plant from the stem, it is necessary to cut the stalk about 15 cm high from a healthy and strong shoot in mid-summer and place it in water, where the root system growth enhancer is added. For root germination, you can use a wet peat mixture. To prevent infection of the plant with fungal diseases, it is necessary to treat the resulting slice with charcoal powder. Only plants with a strong and developed root system can be planted in open ground .
Florists who grow euphorbia in flower pots recommend paying attention to another method of reproduction - dividing the bush. This method can be used only in the resting phase, which occurs at the beginning of winter and lasts until early spring. To obtain planting material, it is necessary to extract the plant from the pot and divide its root system into several parts.
Before planting the obtained shoots, it is necessary to trim dry and rotten roots.
Diseases and Pests
The plant is not only unpretentious, but also resistant to various diseases. Beginning gardeners need to consider the fact that improper care can provoke the development of fungal diseases that are treated with the help of special chemicals. In the case of improper watering, low light levels, the presence of drafts and lack of nutrients in the plant, the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall, and the root system also rots. The following types of insects can cause harm to the plant and provoke its death:
- spider mite - the appearance of light plaque on the inner side of the leaf and white hairs on the surface of the whole plant;
- mealybug - the appearance of white plaque on the leaves;
- scab - the presence on the leaf plate of brown and white spots;
- thrips - the appearance of white spots on leaves and soil surface;
- aphid - the presence of small larvae on all parts of the plant;
- whitefly - the appearance of yellow and white spots on a leaf and its subsequent twisting;
- root mealybug - wilting flower.
The list of the most common diseases and the causes of their occurrence:
- gray rot - a high level of air humidity, the presence of a large amount of nitrogen in the soil, a low level of ventilation;
- alternariosis - high ambient temperature and high humidity;
- root rot - soil waterlogging, high air temperature, low light levels, uncontrolled application of nitrogen fertilizers and poor soil quality;
- powdery mildew - high air temperature, low humidity and over-dried soil;
- tobacco mosaic - damage to a plant by a whitefly.
Euphorbia is a popular plant in the decoration of parks, alleys and flower beds. Its unpretentiousness and undemanding to irrigation and soil quality allows you to plant plants in the most remote corners of the infield. The white ball can be used not only as an independent plant, but also as a decorative background in floral arrangements.
- Designers plant mountain snow along with phlox, monards, all kinds of cereals and buzulniki.
- A high level of decorativeness and a stable height make it possible to combine a flower with different types of shrubs.
- Designers often use a white cloud to revitalize a gray and nondescript adjoining area.
- Experts recommend planting the plant in small groups around conifers, as well as make bright compositions of juniper and milkweed.
- Florists add twigs of mountain snow to bouquets of roses, mallow, dahlias and dolphiniums.
- Experienced gardeners recommend planting white balls around the edges of the site. A poisonous plant will scare away rodents and harmful insects.
The high speed of urban life and the dullness of concrete structures are increasingly leading to moral exhaustion of residents of large cities. Psychologists strongly recommend spending weekends in the countryside, in parks or in green recreation areas. Clean air and bright floral arrangements will make it possible to restore vitality and get rid of fatigue. In order to independently decorate a personal plot, it is not necessary to purchase expensive plants.
Simple and unpretentious flowers will help to create unique compositions and spend a minimum amount of finance.
You can familiarize yourself with tips for caring for edged milkweed by watching the video below.