Motor-blocks - the most popular units among farmers for agricultural work. Often, equipment can be found in suburban areas. Motoblocks can do such work as weeding, planting and harvesting, transportation of goods. They are used for digging and plowing the soil. Often, to expand the functions of the equipment, additional attachments are used. Chinese motoblocks belong to the category of the most bought. They are not inferior in quality to European counterparts and are sold at an affordable price. In addition, spare parts can always be found on such equipment.
Chinese walk-behind tractors are most suitable for our climatic conditions and soil. Of the external factors, they are distinguished by compactness, efficiency and a neat appearance.
The technique has 4 gears: two front and two rear. There is a steering wheel that rotates in different directions. There are two types of walk-behind tractors on the agricultural machinery market. The first type is gas-powered motoblocks. The second type is diesel units. The latter have a number of advantages, which are expressed in high efficiency and fuel economy.
The equipment has the following equipment:
- fuel tank with a volume of 4 to 6 liters;
- disc clutch;
- cooling system;
- speed switch;
- wheels on pneumatics.
Some walk-behind tractors have a milling cutter for tillage. Their width can reach 100 mm.
The weight of the equipment is 200 kg. The resource of work reaches 3 thousand hours. Another advantage of Chinese walk-behind tractors is ease of use and maneuverability. Move well on any soil. Wheels are stable. Comfortable in operation, low vibration and noise level.
They process up to 3 hectares of land.
Working functions of the walk-behind tractor:
- digging up;
- chopping branches;
- mowing and collecting hay;
- snow removal;
- cargo transportation.
With the help of plane cutters, potato planters, meat bumpers, harrows, dumps and other devices, the owners expand the working functions of the equipment. Motoblocks are a good alternative to the more expensive mini tractor.
With all the advantages, there are also disadvantages. The technique has many plastic elements that often break. Engines have quick wear.
China constantly monitors consumer demand by launching its models on the market. It is not surprising that there are almost 80 motor-block brands alone. Among them are analogues of Russian and European manufacturers.
In a general review, the Yandex search engine reports that the most popular Chinese brand, in terms of the number of queries, is ZUBR .
The multiculture from China is represented by three types. One of them in a typical assembly. The second is characterized by a gearbox, which the developers have significantly improved. The third type is supplemented by water cooling, an advanced gearbox and has a cutter.
The last two species have additional power, the frequency of which is 2.6 thousand revolutions per minute. ZUBR has an engine whose power reaches 8 liters. with. It has a water cooling system and has differential unlocking. Differs in maneuverability. He showed himself perfectly in virgin lands, in which a weighting agent is not required.
Another popular brand is ZIRKA . Heavy motor-blocks made in China are durable. In the manufacture of the gearbox, a very strong alloy of aluminum, grade AC4B, is used. Cast iron alloy is used to make the gearbox, which is able to withstand different load changes. Alloy alloy is used in the manufacture of gears. The technique is maneuverable and powerful.
Another popular brand is KIPOR . The unit is improved by an air filter and an oil bath. These qualities allow the equipment to work in dusty conditions. The steering wheel rotates along the axis of 180 degrees, which emphasizes its maneuverability. The gearbox is equipped with hexagonal shafts. They are intended for installation of universal semiaxes with several openings. Thanks to this, there is a unique opportunity to change the wheel track width to both wide and narrow. Another advantage of KIPOR is the presence of so-called working bodies. The wheels are equipped with lugs.
Cultivator-and-rotator milling cutters and other functions are available.
Among the popular brands are the following: Kentavr, Aurora, Forester, SADKO, FORTE, Rotex, MUSTANG, WEIMA, Parma, Magnum, etc.
How to choose a walk-behind tractor
Before buying, you should once again analyze for what purposes the equipment is purchased. For example, for processing plots up to 8 acres, it’s worth looking at budget models, including centaur walk-behind tractors . They are distinguished by the strength of the metal from which they are made, and good performance engines. The equipment calmly transfers the load throughout the day. Recommended model "Centaur 3060B . "
With an area of up to 20 acres, it is recommended to look at semi-professional walk-behind tractors. There is also a centaur 2060B motor-block. The company consists of Sadko M 900 and Aurora 105 .
When the area of the plots is several hectares, professional motoblocks come to help farmers here. Among them are also present "Centaurs": 1081D and 1013D .
The Aurora MT-101DE and Aurora MT 125 D vehicles have proven themselves well in large areas.
These are practical recommendations from users who have experienced the right choice of equipment with the right power.
In general, the selection of equipment is carried out according to the following scheme:
- up to 15 hundred parts - power of the motor-block 3,5 l. with., with processing gauge with a width of up to 60 cm;
- up to 60 hundred parts - 5 liters. S., 80 cm;
- up to 1 ha - 7 l. S., 90 cm;
- up to 5 ha - 9 l. S., 100 cm.
The main thing in technology should be reliability. It is on this that the timely implementation of all plans, deadlines, the quality and quantity of agricultural products depends.
Therefore, when buying, immediately evaluate the general technical condition of the equipment.
Look carefully at the ratchets, the condition of the rear axle, the engine.
Motors of diesel motoblocks are one of the main in the overall design. In other words, this is the heart of the aggregate. It is not difficult to change it, all the more components for Chinese walk-behind tractors are always available. But in order for the equipment to work immediately immediately, it is best to run it in before using the walk-behind tractor. Immediately identified “weaknesses” in general condition that can be repaired in a matter of time. If the carburetor jams, it is enough to adjust the valve.
Which is better: diesel or gasoline
If we consider this issue from the point of view of price, then the gas-powered walk-behind tractor wins. Another of its advantages is the simplicity of its maintenance. The petrol engine is easiest to start when manually started. All gasoline vehicles have forced air cooling.
Diesel motoblocks, in addition, have water cooling. The diesel engine well tolerates heavy loads. Her engine works very economically. But when servicing requires more attention.
Chinese-made diesel motoblocks can idle. Often this circumstance leads to a breakdown of equipment. To avoid these troubles, it is recommended that the engine run at full power for 3 hours.
One of the advantages of diesel technology is its high weight.
Cutters firmly "sit" in the ground.
Most diesel powered walk-behind units have a power take-off shaft. This circumstance increases their functions and increases the versatility of the unit.
When buying, you should also pay attention to the type of transmission operation. It is of two types: with dry friction and liquid. The latter increases the wear resistance of the mechanical transmission.
Everyone can choose a device for the price and tasks. In any case, walk-behind tractors with a power take-off shaft are excellent helpers when conducting garden and field work. Diesel and gasoline units help the farmer solve many problems.
About Chinese-made motoblocks, see the video below.