Long live the breeders and amateur gardeners - enthusiasts of their craft! This is how one wants to exclaim, having learned the origin story of the climbing rose Santana. Today, Rosen Tantau, named after the founder Matthias Tantau, is known to many flower lovers. It was here that the Santana hybrid was bred in 1985 - a creeper plant that calls to touch a rug of beautiful beauties, reach for a light scent and bow to the majestic queen.
“Santana” is not in vain recognized as the brightest representative of climbing roses. The main feature is flowering from spring to golden autumn. Saturated color with a velvety shimmer in the cup flowers, reaching 8-12 cm. This variety is re-blooming, the rose manages to bloom twice during the season. Describing the flower in detail, you can give it the following characteristic:
- plant height 2.5-3 m, width - 1.5-2 m;
- by flower size refers to large-flowered;
- the petals, velvety to the touch, after rain become a more saturated color of Cabernet Sauvignon wine;
- pink buds bloom in groups of 3-7 pieces gradually throughout the bush;
- the smell is very light;
- leaf plates are distinguished by juicy greens, waxy shine and density;
- the shoots are highly branched, making them well suited for creating vertical compositions, and since the shoots grow throughout the trunk, buds and buds are formed evenly over the entire height and width of the bush;
- the strength of the shoots is enough for stability without supports, but the plant often spreads along the walls of buildings, lanes and arches;
- if several bushes are planted nearby, then a pink shrub-shrub forms;
- "Santana" is quite resistant to cold and rain, but comfortably wintered in a mild climate;
- creepers have few pests, like diseases;
- for good growth you need aired, but without a draft, terrain.
So, the rose is not in vain has great popularity among professionals and flower gardeners. So, you can try to breed it in your front garden. And for this it is important to understand how to plant a seedling and grow it.
Before buying, you need to get knowledge about what a competent choice of seedling is.
- A good seedling is a root neck, from which 2-4 shoots with a young green bark, and a rhizome depart. Buying a seedling "with hands", most likely, roots without land will be clearly visible. In this case, you can carefully consider whether they are damaged, whether there is fungal plaque. When buying a seedling with a closed root system, that is, in a pot, you can buy a "pig in a poke", however, planting such an instance is easier.
- If the plant with an open root system was without land for some time , and the roots dried up, then a day before planting, it is recommended to lower it in the water and let it stand for 24 hours.
- The roots are sanitized immediately before planting. To do this, 30 g of copper sulfate or 1 tablespoon of Fundazole is diluted in 10 liters of water. Sapling is almost completely bathed in solution.
- Landing in the spring is carried out when the earth warmed up to +10 degrees. This is from April 20 to May 20. In autumn, you need to have time to plant not too early, otherwise the buds will start growing, and not too late - the root system may freeze. By time - from mid-September to mid-October.
- Santana is a flower of the sun. The southern part of the site or the wall of the house without drafts is what you need.
- While the seedling is standing in a bucket of water , a pit of 50x50 cm is prepared for it with a depth of about 30 cm. A bucket of chernozem should be filled in and well watered (the amount of water depends on the composition of the soil).
- When planting in the spring, the bush is planted so that the root neck remains above the surface. When planting in the fall, experts advise making a mound 20 cm high around the stem to protect the roots from frost.
- Other gardeners, in any case, recommend pouring a slide , after tamping the soil and watering it from above. The compaction of the earth is done in order to expel the air from the rhizome, and more quickly give them the opportunity to come into contact with the ground. The slide is leveled after 2 weeks, when the seedling takes root.
- There should be no leaves on the branches. From the root you need to leave the stem at 20 cm in height, cut off the rest. The purpose of the manipulation: to give the bush the opportunity to gain strength and take root faster, rather than wasting energy on growing shoots.
Professional gardeners claim that a rose requires special care in the first year, then it will be easier. Is this so, you can only check on their own experience. The care of the flower is watering, mulching, top dressing, cultivating, preparing for wintering, pruning.
How often you need to water depends on the growth stage, weather conditions, and the quality of the land. In the spring, when the Santana wakes up, the buds are gaining strength, leaves, new shoots appear, watering is required more and more often. But with daily watering, gradually the moisture evaporates quickly from the surface of the soil, leaving the root system without water. For an adult bush in dry warm time, a two-time watering of 15-20 liters per week is required.
If the soil is rocky, marl, then more watering will be required. Roses should not be watered with cold, especially running, water using a hose. Plants are not watered in the heat: leaves can be burned, moisture evaporates quickly from the surface, leaving a cracked soil that looks like asphalt. But wet leaves that do not have time to dry before a cool night can become a hotbed of fungal diseases.
Since September, roses stop watering, so as not to provoke growth. But in dry autumn, bushes moisturize about 10 liters of water once a week.
Loosening is called dry watering. It supplies the rhizome with oxygen, simplifies the access of water to the roots, protects against weeds. Many plants do not like the slides of the earth at the roots, but the holes. Roses are no exception. The sides of the holes will trap moisture and will not fill the paths.
Loosen the earth from spring to August. Later loosening is impractical because the rose is preparing for wintering.
Loosening is carried out with a cultivator, a small hoe or a hoe to a depth of 10-15 cm. Large tools can damage the roots.
Mulch or adding - a way to protect the flower from weeds, overheating of the earth, rapid drying of moisture, the formation of a crust on the surface of the soil, weathering and freezing of the roots. Mulch can be organic and inorganic. Organics in the form of mowed grass, sawdust, straw, humus, needles are more familiar - they are laid out with the onset of spring before the awakening of the buds. But such mulching attracts insects that harm roses.
Therefore, some use inorganic mulching: non-woven material, cut rubber, geotextiles. But perhaps the best option is gravel, pebbles or large stones. In dry summers, morning warm air creates dew in contact with a cold stone. Dewdrops run down the stones, providing additional watering of the plant.
The quantity and quality of nutrition will affect the abundance of flowering and color saturation of leaves and flowers. During the season, the bush needs to be fertilized 5 times with minerals and organics (2-3 times in the first year).
In May and early August, the flower is fed with nitrogen fertilizers: 1 tablespoon of urea, sodium humate or liquid organic substances will contribute to the growth push of the rose. Pruning is stress for the rose, and nitrogen will help here.
The formation of strong shoots is achieved by applying superphosphate. Phosphorus introduced from June to August will also provide abundant and long-lasting flowering.
Ovary and flowering need potassium. He will ensure the preparation of the bush for the winter. Feeding is carried out all summer and in early autumn.
If the soil on the site is acidic, then it is neutralized with dolomite flour, wood ash, slaked lime, crushed chalk. During the entire growing season, the flower is fed with manganese, iron, boron, magnesium. These trace elements are sold as mixtures. The last mixture is introduced in early November in the form of mulching with organics. This will help the spring flower to wake up easier and strengthen the root system.
Foliar top dressing, i.e. spraying, can be done every 10 days. This will help saturate the leaves and buds faster. It is important to make the solution correctly and use it according to the instructions. Leaves should be sprayed on both sides.
Both root and foliar top dressing is carried out in the morning or evening. The goal is to save leaves and trunks from burns. When spraying, it is important that the solution has time to absorb before rain. All instructions indicate the time of use of the drug before rain.
In the southern regions, the climbing Santana overwinter without warming, but in the middle lane there is a chance of freezing. Before the onset of frost, the bush is trimmed and covered. The height of the covering material should be at least 20 cm. It can be coniferous branches, potato or tomato tops, tires, covered with boards on top. Often the bush is covered with garden film in several layers.
Before hiding, the branches are tied in a whip and laid not just on the ground, but on some kind of insulation: foliage, rags, conifers. So that the branches do not rise, they must be pressed to the ground in a gentle way.
Careful sheltering is carried out only when the temperature has dropped to -5 degrees. No need to strive to cover the plant early: it will soar under a “fur coat” and will hurt.
Not only the density of the bush, but also whether it wakes up in the spring will depend on how correctly the pruning is done. Therefore, they use a knife disinfected in a steep potassium permanganate. This will prevent mushrooms from getting into the slices. Slices on lignified branches are treated with garden var.
Cropping can be of several types.
- Preventive - in the spring at the time of swelling of the kidneys, frozen and diseased branches are removed. All the rest are cut to the highest swollen.
- Thinning - cut shoots growing inside the bush, weak, thickening, old, crooked. The goal is to clean up the bush, add beauty to the plant.
- Rejuvenating - every fourth year old lignified branches are removed from liana-like roses, leaving 30 cm from the root.
- Enlarging a flower is an innovative technique, in which all old branches are cut first, and all the remaining ones are cut in half.
Trimming gives shape, decorativeness, eliminating thickening. It must be remembered that the flowers will only be on lignified 1-3-year-old shoots. Constantly growing young shoots need to be carefully cut. The first pruning is carried out immediately after planting a seedling in a hole, as we wrote above.
In spring, the Santana is cut off immediately after removal of the shelter. The weak, sick, broken branches are removed. In summer, the plant is cleaned of faded buds and overgrown young shoots. In the late autumn, winter pruning is carried out.
With a sharp knife, so as not to wrinkle the branches, eliminate the longest shoots. With this pruning, the bush will give strength precisely to the formation of buds, not greens.
Diseases and pests
It is possible to determine that a plant is sick by its appearance. And this means that the disease is progressing with might and main. To avoid this, you need to regularly inspect the rose bushes. Otherwise, the disease can spread from one rose to another. Most often, you can see the following signs of damage:
- swollen cones on the root system - bacterial cancer, are not treated, but are removed from the plant; healthy roots are treated with copper sulfate;
- white coating, similar to spilled flour - powdery mildew; in order to save other plants, and not only roses, the bush is uprooted and burned far beyond the borders of the garden;
- black spots on the leaves - Marsonin or black spotting; the affected leaves are removed and burned in a remote place, the bush is treated with preparations with copper and systemic fungicides.
There are a lot of pests in a rose: a spider mite, a green rose aphid, a rose leaflet, a rose scutellum, a drooling penny and others. Fight them with the help of chemicals - insecticides. But it is possible and folk remedies. For example: 300 g of onion or garlic, 400 g of green tomato leaves chopped in a blender; 5-6 hours to insist with 3 liters of water; strain; add 7 l of water and 40 g of soap. Well mixed solution is sprayed with plants.
See the video below for tips on caring for climbing roses.