After the work in the country is over, there is a need to wash your hands, and even better - take a shower. To do this, baths are built on the plots or summer showers are installed. If there is a water supply or a well, the problem with warm and hot water can be easily solved by installing a water heater.
When working or relaxing in a summer cottage, it’s hard not to stain your body and clothes. This problem is especially relevant if the family has small children. Bathing and washing in cold water are not always pleasant and, as a rule, are not encouraging. In addition, pets after outdoor games are also recommended to bathe.
To ensure universal comfort, it will be worthwhile to think about the availability of hot water in the country. If the site has a water supply, the issue can be resolved by installing a water heater.
There are a great many types and models of these devices, so it is necessary to decide for what purposes and tasks, and which device is needed in each particular case.
Water heaters vary in several ways. Consider the main ones.
Source of power:
- on wood;
- solar powered.
Each of the types has its own distinctive features and principles of work, which must be studied when choosing the appropriate model. Consider the differences depending on different parameters.
By installation method
With this type you need to decide in advance, depending on the size of the room in which you plan to use the water heater, as well as what tasks are set in a particular case.
Wall mounted water heaters are more compact, they can be installed both in the shower and inside the house. Usually they are used in cases where a large amount of water is not required. This is an ideal option for the kitchen. Fasteners are included with the tank. Install the water heater on a solid surface. Depending on the volume, there may be installation restrictions. For example, models with a volume of more than 50 liters will not stay on the walls of drywall and gypsum concrete.
Floor-mounted water heaters are more voluminous; they can hold an average of 80 to 200 liters of water. In some cases, you can choose models that hold up to 1 thousand liters. These units are very stable and well fixed on the surface, as they have a flat base. The case is quite narrow and suitable for various rooms. The material of the walls is not relevant when using floor models.
In the case when the house is spacious and durable, you can install both types of water heaters. In this case, it is recommended to pay attention first of all to how much water the consumer needs and make a choice depending on this.
According to the method of water intake
These models are targeted at consumers who can use both the water supply system and the well. Depending on this, you need to choose instantaneous or bulk water heaters. Distinguish between storage and flow devices.
The storage electric water heater is different in that the water is heated at a time when it is already inside the tank in a special compartment. The more fluid you need to heat, the more time it will take. The undoubted advantage is that the temperature of the water in the tank is the same, and you can adjust it at the outlet using a mixer.
The water heater consists of a tank, faucet or shower head and an element for heating water. It is quite mobile and does not require a specific installation space. The tank can be very small, or maybe a volume of 50-100 liters.
Water is poured into these models both from buckets and using a pump. She heats up and from the heating element, and just from the sun, if you make it so that the tank will be installed outside the room. It is very beneficial for consumers.
The gas storage device does an excellent job with a low pressure of water or its interruptions. The burning gas heats the water collected in the volumetric tank. In this case, there is a supply of hot water remaining such a long time. Among the shortcomings can be called a large tank and a long time for which it heats up.
If installation of a shower cabin is required, it is possible to get it together with a bulk water heater. In this case, the design will consist of the device itself with a shower head, base, tray and curtain. You can purchase an additional tank, which will help to less often deal with their filling.
If there is a water supply, it will be convenient to use a flowing water heater. It differs from bulk in that the water heats up at the moment when it passes through the device. The temperature is regulated by the pressure of water, which is heated under pressure.
In running water, it is heated using a gas burner. The disadvantage of such models is that they work quite noisily, and also do not guarantee the same water temperature.
Electric water heaters are the most popular in the market. They do not make noise, do not have an unpleasant smell, there is no need to use gas cylinders. Among them, flowing and accumulative are also distinguished.
As the name implies, the instantaneous water heater is heated due to the energy consumed. Water moves inside the tank and is thereby heated. The pressure also affects its outlet temperature - the stronger it is, the cooler the water will be. Such models are small in size, but, despite this, they need power from 6 to 27 kW.
Inside such models, a heating element is installed, which contributes to the heating of the water in contact with it. Prices for different types can vary greatly. It depends on the availability of a thermostat or digital control panel and, accordingly, on the accuracy of the settings.
Instantaneous water heaters can be pressureless, that is, their pressure inside is lower than atmospheric. A special nozzle is provided for water outlet. Such models have low power and are relevant for installation in a summer shower. They do not create problems during installation and use, do not require a large load.
With a pressurized flow device there are more difficulties. It is rarely installed in summer cottages. It is characterized by a large amount of energy consumed, a relatively high price, a more serious wiring load, as well as the absence of nozzles. More popular for use in apartments.
By power source
Water heaters can have various power sources. The simplest of these are wood-burning titans. Firewood is placed in the compartment below, and the pipe and the water itself are at the top. There is a tap for heated water.
Solar-powered water heaters are a more interesting option. They turn the energy of the sun into heat. The main feature is that the process of heating the water does not depend on outdoor temperature and weather conditions. Maximum water is heated to 100 degrees in the summer, and up to 70 in the winter.
One of the most widely used models is considered to be gas water heaters. They can work both from a gas pipeline and from a conventional cylinder, which is especially true in summer cottages.
How to do it yourself?
If it is not possible to purchase a water heater, but there is a need for warm water, you can try to get out of the situation on your own.
You can make some types of water heaters yourself, for example, solar. In this case, the heating element is not even necessary for the tank - in good and hot weather the water will quickly become warm. To enhance this effect, the tank can be painted black. If you have experience with electricity and certain skills, you can try to assemble an electric filling device. In this case, a fluid container and a heating element are required. You can even use an ordinary bucket as a container, and a powerful boiler for heating.
If there is a stove in the country house, you can make a solid fuel water heater. The water tank is connected to the heating system and heats up from it. The device will work on the principle of an additional battery.
If the consumer is still ripe for a purchase, first of all, it is necessary to determine the type of water heater. You need to choose a wall or floor option, taking into account the dimensions of the house, the strength of the walls and the required amount of hot water. An important factor is which type of food will be more convenient for the consumer. Depending on the availability of the water supply and the purpose of use, you need to decide whether a flow or storage water heater will be appropriate to use.
The material the tank is made of is very important. For reliable and long-term use, a stainless steel device is suitable. It should be noted its resistance to corrosion, as well as the longest service life. Enamel tanks also have a corrosion effect.
Depending on the amount of water needed by the consumer, you need to determine the size of the tank. We must not forget that volumetric tanks require more power than small ones.
See how to make a simple solar water heater for your own home in the next video.