The modern rhythm of life of many people does not leave enough time for breeding indoor plants. What to do if you want to delight the eye with greenery, but careful daily care for it is impossible? Try to make your own florarium with succulents, which practically does not require care.
What it is?
Florarium is a container with hygrophilous plants, made of glass or transparent plastic. It has a narrowed throat or roof to create a special microclimate in it. Another interesting name for such a composition is a bottle garden.
Terrarium for plants is a real find for small apartments, as it allows you to place several plants at once in it. A beautiful flowerpot of an unusual shape will make it a worthy decoration of the interior.
The soil is usually laid out in layers, which also looks pretty nice. In the florarium, the root system of plants is visible, and this is very interesting.
The convenience of this kindergarten also lies in the fact that pets and children cannot reach its entrails. After all, ordinary plants often chew on cats, and a curious baby can tear off leaves from a room succulent or run into thorns at a cactus.
The florarium eventually forms its own mini-ecosystem. This is useful for tropical plants that love excess moisture and lack of drafts.
Succulents that are suitable for florarium are very diverse both in appearance and in structure. Their choice depends on the taste and preference of the manufacturer. The recommended list includes such plants.
- Cacti These desert inhabitants in a closed transparent container together with other plants look simply wonderful. Their greens and thorns begin to play with new colors, and the appearance of the florarium becomes graceful and stylistic. Cacti grow slowly, live well in conditions of sparse watering, which makes them simply irreplaceable inhabitants of the plant terrarium.
- Sempervivum, or "stone rose". This plant has interesting leaves that gather in rosettes resembling rose petals. Young growth is undemanding to care, pleases with a variety of shapes and colors of leaves. Therefore, its proximity to cacti and other plants in the florarium will look very organic.
- Agave. The sharp leaves collected in rosettes in this succulent are visually associated with the Mexican prairies. The color of lanceolate shoots can be different: from a plain grayish-green to emerald. Sometimes the sheet is emphasized by a yellowish border.
- Echeveria. This plant has fleshy shoots of dark green color. In simple pots, it looks rather inconspicuous, but it can easily reveal its beauty in the florarium. The gray pubescence of the leaves looks gentle, like a raid of frost on the shoots. It will go well with ferns and lichens.
- Aloe. This succulent can be more compact than the usual huge bushes in pots on the windowsills of our grandmothers. The fleshy, spiky leaves of this plant look great under glass. There are species whose shoots resemble geometric figures, there are simpler specimens. All varieties of aloe are equally unpretentious, which is a huge plus for use in the florarium.
- Haworthia. Outwardly, many people confuse this succulent with agave. Indeed, the shape of the bush is rosette, and the leaves are elongated and lanceolate. If we talk about the most common classical haworthia, then it is distinguished by a more dense and compact shoot structure, as well as warty light strips on the leaves. Haworthia looks great in florariums and has a big plus - it grows slowly and does not require serious care measures.
- Adromiscus. This plant has perhaps the most interesting leaves of succulents. Different varieties can attract attention with shoots in the form of maces, triangles, mollusks - who has any imagination. Therefore, everyone can choose this plant to their taste. Leaves are collected in small tight sockets.
- Kalanchoe. This is not a rosette succulent. Usually, all Kalanchoe form bushes, which will make the composition with them in the florarium full in appearance. Instances with decorative leaves are interesting in color. Numerous children who produce Kalanchoe also look very pretty.
- Ragwort. The most popular type of plant is Senezio Rowley. It resembles a string of beads that lie beautifully on the ground. A very interesting succulent, undemanding in care.
- Malefora. This succulent is often used in dry flower beds, as it strikes with its rapid flowering. But in the florariums he will look original. Its leaves are small, lulling a long creeping shoot. The gray bloom will effectively shade ferns and lichen.
- Crassulaceae. For example, the notorious money tree or euphorbia look great coupled with cacti and other succulent plants. The fleshy leaves of fat women with a rich green tint will decorate any garden in a bottle.
Florarium is interesting when there is a game of contrasts.
Prickly and smooth, coated with plaque and bright green - all this diversity can be embodied in a terrarium for plants. Plants of more than one type may be included in the composition. Allocasia, fetonia, mosses and mini-ferns will be well combined with succulents.
On sale there are a lot of items that can be adapted for the future kindergarten for succulents. In addition to the banal glass containers purchased in flower shops, you can even find a transparent case for plants at home.
- The aquarium is round and square. If you used to have fish, and their house was left standing idle, then it may well accommodate new inhabitants. Buying aquariums is also not difficult, the main thing is to choose the optimal one in size. Glass balls originally designed for fish look beautiful.
- Vases. An inexpensive option, which is also easy to find, is an ordinary flower vase. It can be purchased at any supermarket or hardware store. A minimalistic transparent flower container can become a terrarium for succulents in a matter of hours.
- Vessels and flasks for experiments. In such containers, florariums will look ultramodern. Of course, the flasks should be suitable in size, especially their neck.
- Big light bulbs. Mini plants will decorate such a vintage thing as an old spoiled light bulb. Such a terrarium looks as if succulents sprouted in it by chance when a light bulb was thrown out in the forest.
- Kitchenware. Carafes, glasses, flowerpots, teapots, banks - all this can serve as a container for succulents, if it is made of ordinary glass without relief.
What soil is needed?
The easiest solution will be to buy ready-made soil for succulents in a flower shop. It does not need to be fertilized, it has no unnecessary bacteria and is convenient to use.
If you want to use home-made soil, then the best solution would be a mixture of peat and sand in equal proportions. You can also mix the soil with sand and calcine it in the oven in order to destroy mold and fungi. Since the florarium is a closed container, the chances of such problems in it are noticeably increased.
Mandatory use of drainage at the bottom of the kindergarten. Coarse sea sand, fine pebbles or expanded clay can serve as its quality.
Adding charcoal to the drain will be a great solution.
The design of the garden in glass is real creativity at its best. At present, both a mixture of styles and certain categories of florariums are popular. Consider the main ones.
- Desert theme. A composition of small cacti will decorate a small windowsill or office interior. The style basis here is sand, which can be combined with stones and pebbles. They will look beautiful and younger.
- Forest Florarium. In such a composition, it is important to design tiers. In the background, you need to arrange higher plants, and in the front - low (cacti, ivy, mosses). Perfectly emphasized set of succulents decorative ferns. In such a style, it’s nice to add artificial small flowers or mushrooms.
- Stone geometry. The sharper forms of florariums can be emphasized by strict geometric shapes. For this, certain plants are chosen, for example, agave with clear lanceolate leaves. In such a terrarium, you can put large stones.
Ceramic garden figurines of the smallest sizes are often added to florariums. They look appropriate with the dark green of the kindergarten in a bottle and slightly dilute the cold composition.
How to do it yourself?
When creating a do-it-yourself florarium, it is important to strictly follow a certain algorithm. It’s not enough to plant plants correctly, because such a masterpiece includes many subtleties. We offer you a master class in the form of step-by-step instructions on creating a garden in glass.
- Decide on an idea. Every creature should please its creator. Therefore, choose the style of florarium that you like.
- Choose a place. Much depends on where the terrarium with plants will stand. The future vessel must be selected taking into account the parameters of this place.
- Purchase and prepare the vessel. Choose a ready-made florarium in the store or find a suitable container at home. Before planting, you need to thoroughly wash their future home and wipe it with alcohol from the inside. This will kill all pathogenic bacteria, as well as eliminate fingerprints that will be very noticeable.
- Pick plants and check them for compatibility. A rapidly growing Kalanchoe will conflict with cacti, which develop almost imperceptibly. It is better to choose those succulents and plants that have a similar growth rate and susceptibility to environmental conditions.
- Get the necessary soil, drainage and decorations. Soil is the most important for the well-being of future residents of the florarium. Therefore, at the moment, close attention should be paid. Decorations will complement any kindergarten and make it unique.
- Prepare a table and place everything you need on it. For the successful creation of a florarium, you should be comfortable and comfortable. And for this you need to place all the elements so that you can reach them with your hand. Pull the plants out of the pots and rinse their root systems under warm water.
- Put on gloves. Fingerprints inside the florarium after planting will be almost impossible to wipe, and they will ruin the appearance quite strongly.
- Sprinkle soil and other components. At the bottom, lay a layer of sand about 1 cm, then expanded clay with charcoal of the same thickness. Select a soil layer depending on the longest root system. The plant should be placed comfortably in the soil so that all roots are completely covered by soil.
- Make holes for the plants and plant them. They should not overlap each other with leaves. Keep this in mind, as they will still grow. Having made the holes at an optimal distance, begin to plant succulents, being careful not to damage the roots. The leaves and shoots of plants should also not touch the walls of their new home.
- The time has come for decoration. After planting all the plants, arrange all the planned elements: decorative sand, stones, ceramic figures.
- Water the plants and close the lid. Lightly moisten the soil near each plant. Cover the florarium with a lid, if provided for by design.
See how to make a florarium with your own hands in the next video.
The subtleties of care
Florarium is the best option for busy people. Caring for it is minimal, but still periodically it is simply necessary to carry it out. It is as follows.
- Finding the right place. Direct sunlight is the enemy of such a creation, but a complete shadow will ruin the life of succulents. To keep the florarium in the summer you need in the northern part of the apartment or office, and in winter you can place it under the occasionally falling sunlight. If the plants began to turn yellow, then they need an additional light source. Keep the garden in glass away from heating appliances. The optimum temperature for such interior decorations is from 22 to 28 ° C.
- Watering. It is extremely rare to moisten the soil in the florarium, not more than 1 time per week. It is better to control watering yourself. If the soil inside has become dry in appearance, and the moss has become slightly wrinkled - it is time to water the flowers. Excess moisture is extremely dangerous for such a garden, so it is important to monitor the amount of fluid inside. If you poured water into the florarium, tilt it slightly and remove the excess with rags or paper towels.
- Ventilation. To avoid putrefactive processes, it is very important to carry out ventilation in the florarium. This is especially true for gardens with a closed lid. Do this several times a week, and then your creation will delight you as long as possible.
As can be seen from this list, it’s not difficult to care for the florarium. And the aesthetic pleasure from it is many times greater than the labor required to create it and even more so to care for it.