For many centuries, scarlet roses have enjoyed impressive and well-deserved popularity as a magnet, attracting enthusiastic looks. This thesis is also true for Salita, a variety cultivated by an increasing number of domestic gardeners. The decorative characteristics and unpretentiousness of the described species allow us to recommend it to anyone who wants to effectively decorate the house territory with a moderate expenditure of time and effort.
The climbing rose under consideration appeared due to the efforts of breeders of the famous German company Wilhelm Cordes and Sons in 1987. Specialists attribute “Salita” to the group of climbers, as can be seen from the description of its features, namely:
- a sprawling bush with a height of 2.5–3 m and a width of 1.5 m;
- terry scarlet flowers with an orange or coral hue;
- long and strong shoots;
- flower diameter - 8–9 cm;
- large dark green leaves with a pronounced shine;
- the number of flowers on the stem is 2–5;
- growing area - V (USDA);
- the nature of flowering is continuous;
- aroma - fruity, unobtrusive;
- the number of petals on the flower is not more than 40.
The shape of the buds of the presented plant, characteristic of tea-hybrid varieties, is also noteworthy.
Advantages and disadvantages
One of the main advantages of the Salita rose is the bright and rich color of its flowers, due to which the bush resembles a raging flame. As for the other advantages of the plant in question, it is worth noting the following:
- pronounced terry flowers, justifying the expectations of most aesthetes;
- the ability to use in cutting;
- good winter hardiness, allowing you to tolerate frosts down to -26 ° C, provided that a quality shelter is provided;
- long and plentiful flowering, affecting various levels of the bush;
- resistance to parasite invasions;
- undemanding care, due to which the cultivation of "Salita" is overwhelmingly by the vast majority of gardeners;
- resistance of flowers to heavy rain.
The only tangible drawback of this rose is the relatively low rate of shoot development, which is especially noticeable in regions with a cool climate.
Despite his love of light, Salita does not tolerate direct sunlight. The latter lead to burnout of flowers and the appearance of burns, which is why the plant should be placed in partial shade. The second condition contributing to the accelerated development of the rose is fertile and breathable soil in the area that has a slightly acid reaction (pH from 5.6 to 6.5). If the soil lacks lightness, it is mixed with sand, compost, peat and humus, and a combination of clay and turf soil is used to weight it. In addition, it is worth protecting the plant from the harmful effects of excess moisture, avoiding places of its accumulation, and stagnation of cold air, characteristic of ravines.
Noteworthy is the level of groundwater occurrence, the permissible values of which for Salita are below a meter mark.
The solution to this problem can be started in April, May or in the last ten days of October. The second option is less preferable, since a young plant needs to have time to take root before frost, which is not always the case. Preparatory measures are carried out a day before planting and involve the removal of damaged sections of the root system of the plant. In addition, experts recommend processing the latter with a biostimulant dissolved in water, which helps to adapt the young rose to a new place.
The order of further actions is as follows:
- dig a hole with a depth of 40-60 cm and place a drainage layer on its bottom (about 10 cm of gravel or gravel);
- if the owner of the site plants several roses of the described variety, it is advisable for him to observe a meter distance between them;
- add organic fertilizers - rotted manure or a combination of mature compost and peat (recommended thickness - 10 cm);
- position the seedling at an angle of 30 ° to the support, carefully spread the roots and fill them with soil, carefully compacting it;
- make sure that the root neck is 3 cm below ground level;
- carefully water the young plant.
The final stage is the mulching of soil with peat in the near-stem circle.
As practice shows, cultivating a healthy and beautiful rose "Salita" is an interesting and fairly simple task. Based on the reviews of the owners of this plant, it can be argued that it pleases with the lush and bright flowering of everyone who follows the basic rules of its agricultural technology.
Depending on the amount of precipitation, wind strength and temperature, watering of the rose in question can be carried out both every other day and once a week. This procedure should be started after the soil in the trunk circle dries 10 cm in depth, spending 25 liters of soft water per 1 adult bush. To reduce the rate of evaporation of moisture, the soil must be thoroughly mulched. With the onset of autumn, watering should be gradually reduced, given the changing weather conditions.
During the first year of life of a young plant, it should be fed monthly with a mixture, which includes the following components:
- Mullein and bird droppings dissolved in water (1: 10 and 1: 20, respectively);
- wood ash;
- decoctions of useful herbs.
In the future, “Salite” needs fertilizers, the application of which is carried out according to the following scheme:
- urea - in early spring;
- ammonium nitrate - after 2 weeks from the moment of the first feeding;
- complex preparations containing boron - at the stage of budding;
- organics - just before the start of flowering;
- phosphorus and potash fertilizing - in the fall to prepare the bush for the upcoming wintering.
In addition, at the end of flowering, repeated application of boron-containing preparations is allowed.
As mentioned earlier, the Salita variety is characterized by strong shoots. Given this circumstance, such a bush can grow without support, which saves time and effort to its owner. If the rose is grown in a region that is characterized by strong winds, then it is better not to give up support. Following this advice minimizes the likelihood of damage to productive shoots caused by their strong swinging. As for the garter, it must be done carefully, avoiding excessive pressure of the threads on the stems.
Ignoring this recommendation can lead to degradation and death of the latter due to the impossibility of full juice flow.
During the first year of life of the Salita rose, it is advisable to get rid of its buds until the beginning of August. This is due to the fact that flowering takes away from the young plant the strength it needs for strengthening and a painless wintering. Subsequently, the bush is subjected to minimal pruning while maintaining the first order basal shoots. Special attention should be paid to the rejuvenation of the plant, which must be carried out, but relatively rarely, as a rule, once every 4 years.
Growing Salita in the middle lane implies the obligatory arrangement of a winter shelter. You need to start solving the problem after the temperature drops to -7 ° C, following the algorithm below:
- carefully untie the plant from the support;
- place the lapnik between the bush and the surface of the earth;
- cover the shoots with the same material (gradually, so that they bend without damage);
- build a metal or wooden frame over the covered rose and wrap it with non-woven material.
If the strong Salita lashes cannot be bent properly, you can cover only the lower part of the rose bush. This decision should be resorted to as a last resort, as it increases the risk of death of unprotected shoots from severe frost. It is necessary to open and disassemble the shelter in the spring, in March or April. After removing the non-woven material and the spruce branches, the bush should be given time to straighten itself (as much as possible), and then gently tie it to the support.
Despite the fact that the described variety is relatively resistant to fungal diseases, in certain cases they may bother it. Most often, the Salita rose suffers from black spotting and powdery mildew, which develops as a result of excess moisture or excessive thickening of plantings. Effective counteraction to these ailments involves the removal of all affected areas and the treatment of plants with systemic fungicide. Preventive measures are carried out twice a season, in spring and autumn. They suggest the use of contact fungicides - Bordeaux fluid or copper sulfate.
Use in landscape design
First of all, the Salita rose is intended for vertical gardening. Due to its impressive decorativeness, it can effectively decorate a building wall, fence, arch or arbor. In addition, this variety looks great on pillars and columns, due to its abundant flowering at several levels. An alternative solution is to place the plant on the lawn. Particularly advantageous are the Salita combinations with ground cover annuals decorated with snow-white flowers. If the owner of the rose wants to grow it with a scrub, he should create a suitable background from dark green foliage or needles. Given the size and appearance of the bushes of this variety, one should not be surprised that they allow you to realize the most daring design ideas. Salita is suitable for the overwhelming majority of lovers of beauty and originality who want to ennoble their site and enjoy the result every year.
See how the Salita rose blooms in the video below.