A shower cabin is not only an alternative to a bath, but also an opportunity to relax and improve the body. This is possible due to the presence of additional options in the device: hydromassage, contrast shower, sauna. Units with a steam generator help to ensure the effect of the latter.
A shower room with a steam generator is a design equipped with a special system for generating steam. Due to this, during the hygiene procedures, the steam room atmosphere is recreated.
Showers with a steam bath should be closed, that is, have a dome, rear and side panels of the structure. Otherwise, steam will exit the shower, filling the bathroom. As a rule, a device for generating steam is not included in the kit shower. It can be installed near the structure, but the best solution is to take it outside the bathroom. The steam generator can also be connected to an existing enclosed cabin.
Thanks to a special control system, it is possible to recreate the necessary indicators of temperature and humidity. The maximum steam heating is not more than 60 ° C, which eliminates the risk of burns.
Depending on the equipment, the cabin may also have the functions of hydromassage, aromatherapy and many others, which gives users additional comfort.
Advantages and disadvantages
Systems with a steam generator have several advantages, which determines their popularity:
- By purchasing such a device, you become the owner of a mini-sauna.
- The ability to adjust the temperature and humidity coefficient allows you to create the effect of a steam room (dry Finnish sauna or wet Turkish hammam).
- The maximum steam temperature is 60 ° C, which eliminates the risk of burns in the booth.
- The ability to adjust the temperature of the steam allows you to customize the sauna for a specific user. Therefore, it can be used without fear by people who do not have health problems, and those who suffer from hypertension, cardiovascular diseases.
- Steam shower has a beneficial effect on health - it normalizes blood circulation, improves the condition with ENT diseases, relieves stress, and allows you to relax.
- The presence of a special compartment for dry herbs and essential oils significantly increases the useful properties of the cabin with a steam generator.
- The device is ergonomic. A shower cubicle replaces a washing place, a sauna, and if it has larger dimensions and a tall tray, it can also replace a bath. At the same time, the construction area is 1-1.5 m2, which allows it to fit perfectly even in small rooms.
- Water consumption is economical. Even the need to heat water for steam formation affects it slightly. According to reviews, using a shower with a sauna effect requires 3 times less water than using a traditional bathroom.
- In addition to the optimum steam temperature, it is worth noting the presence of anti-slip surfaces of the pallet and shockproof panels, which ensures absolute safety of the device.
The disadvantage of steam showers is the higher cost compared to conventional cabins. The price of the product is affected by the availability of additional options, the dimensions of the booth, the materials from which it is made, the power and volume of the steam generator. It is also worth noting that the presence of a device for generating steam leads to increased energy consumption.
It is important that the installation of a shower cabin is possible only with a plumbing system. At the same time, the voltage of the water in the pipes should be at least 1.5 bar for the shower and at least 3 bar for the functioning of the steam generator, hydromassage nozzles and other options. If the water supply is less than 3 bar, special pumps are required that are installed in the pipes at the point of entry into the house or apartment.
Finally, hard tap water negatively affects the condition of the nozzles and the steam generator, leading to their malfunction. To soften the water allows the use of purification filters. It is desirable that they provide a 3-stage cleaning system.
When choosing a cabin with a steam generator, it should be understood that it is unlikely that you can take a steam bath with a broom in the best traditions of the Russian bath - this requires higher temperatures. But you can easily get the effect of a steam room with a milder microclimate. Those who prefer a Russian bath can consider devices consisting of 2 boxes - a shower cabin and a sauna.
Device and principle of operation
The steam generator has 2 connectors on each side. Water supply is connected to one, steam is exited from the other. In addition, it has a tap to drain excess fluid.
When the steam generator is turned on, a valve opens, the function of which is to supply water. Water level control is provided by a special sensor. That is why, when the required fluid volume is reached, the valve is blocked automatically. The filling mode is switched on again if there is insufficient water. Such a device avoids overheating of the heating elements in the event of evaporation of liquid from the valve.
Then, the heating heater is turned on, which works until the water is heated to a predetermined temperature. Subsequent shutdown of the heating system is also carried out automatically. At the same time, the sensor does not stop functioning, since the liquid evaporates during the boiling process.
The heating temperature is set on a special panel. Steam is being supplied. After the steam begins to fill the cabin, the temperature inside it rises. As soon as it reaches the set parameters, the compartment for generating steam is turned off. If there is excess, unused water in the valve, it simply drains into the sewer.
Most systems work according to the flow pattern, that is, they are always connected to the water supply system. However, there are also portable units whose components are not connected to the water supply. It is necessary to fill in liquid in them manually. This is not very convenient, but such systems can be taken with you to the country.
As mentioned earlier, the installed generator is effective only in sealed enclosed boxes. Installation in an open structure or shower column is irrational.
The use of a steam generator does not exclude the presence of other functions of the cabin, the use of a rotary (gives a zigzag jet) or an ordinary shower. You can connect the system yourself, but if you doubt your abilities, consult a specialist. If improperly installed, the device is likely to burn out, the price of which may exceed 10,000 rubles. Induction generator is much more expensive.
Depending on the heating principle, several types of steam generators are distinguished.
- Electrode Such models are equipped with electrodes. A voltage is applied through them to the water, as a result of which the water is heated by electric current. This type is suitable for rooms with excellent wiring.
- Devices equipped with heating elements , which, when heated themselves, cause water to boil . They have the lowest cost compared to other systems. When buying a unit with a heating element, it is necessary to choose a model equipped with a temperature sensor (it prevents overheating of the heating elements) and a cleaning system (it helps to clean the heating elements from limescale deposits).
- Induction devices that emit high-frequency waves thanks to integrated induction systems. The latter, acting on the liquid, contribute to its heating. Such heaters are faster than others.
Depending on the steam generator used, the shower cabin can have various options.
Sauna with a Turkish bath is characterized by high humidity (up to 100%). The heating temperature is 50-55 ° C. Saunas with a hammam can be small structures, the sides of which are 80-90 cm.
Here the air is drier, and the temperature can be raised to 60-65 ° C. The microclimate in this box is suitable for those who like a high-temperature bath, but cannot breathe too humid air.
The classification of a steam generator is made depending on its capacity. On average, in household versions, it is 1-22 kW. It is believed that for heating 1 cubic meter of cabin 1 kW of steam generator power is required. Of course, you can use less powerful devices, but the warm-up will have to wait longer, and the steam generator itself will quickly fail, working at the maximum of its capabilities.
The differences also apply to the volume of the water tank. Tanks of 27-30 liters are considered the most voluminous. However, this affects the dimensions of the shower cabin - such steam generators are too bulky. For domestic use, a tank of 3-8 liters is enough. As a rule, this amount of liquid is enough for watch “gatherings” in the cabin. The performance of such a tank can vary between 2.5 - 8 kg / per hour. The higher the last indicator, the faster the couple manages to fill the shower box.
Using a shower room with a steam generator is more comfortable and functional if there are additional options in it.
Boxes with hydromassage are equipped with many nozzles, which are located at different levels and are characterized by different water pressure.
Tropical Shower Mode
This effect is recreated with the help of special nozzles, thanks to which large drops are obtained. Along with steam, they create an atmosphere of maximum relaxation.
You can truly relax in the steam shower if you have a seat. It should be located at a convenient height, have optimal dimensions and depth. The most convenient are those cabin models whose seats recline and rise, that is, do not take up much space. When buying, it is worth checking how firmly the seat is mounted in the boxing column.
It is also much more convenient to use the cabin if it is equipped with perforated shelves and a radio.
Italy is considered the birthplace of shower cabins, which is why reliable and functional devices are still manufactured here. However, the cost of such models is much higher than domestic. The confidence of buyers is also enjoyed by German brands.
Hueppe produces cabins with a steam generator in 3 price categories (basic, medium and premium). The design feature is a low pallet, a metal profile, sliding doors made of triplex or tempered glass.
Lagard products are characterized by a more affordable price. The manufacturer produces models with an acrylic tray, tempered glass doors.
If you are looking for more functional models, pay attention to those whose production is concentrated in Finland. Finnish Novitek cabins are equipped not only with a steam generator and hydromassage, but also with an infrared sauna.
If you want to buy a high-quality device with a steam generator at a lower price and are ready to sacrifice aesthetic design indicators, pay attention to domestic companies. As independent studies and user reviews show, many of them do not differ in quality from foreign brands, but at the same time they cost 2-3 times less than their Western counterparts.
As for Chinese brands, many companies ( Apollo, SSWW ) produce decent options, including premium segment designs. But it is better to refuse to buy a cabin of an unknown Chinese company. The risk of breakdowns is too high, and finding components for such a device will not be easy.
Use and Care Tips
When choosing a shower with a steam generator, give preference to options in which steam is supplied from below. This will provide a more pleasant atmosphere in the cabin, since the heating will be uniform. The presence of a ventilation system also helps to evenly distribute steam and heat.
When installing the structure, make sure that it is tight. Otherwise, the forced air system will be disrupted.
During operation, it is important to monitor the condition of the water sensors. If limescale appears on them, it should be removed using special cleaning solutions.
The tank and the heating element are cleaned with the steam line turned off using a special solution. To do this, turn on the device for 3-5 minutes (usually the time is indicated by the manufacturer of the solution), after which the remaining liquid is drained from the tank, and the system is washed with running water.
An overview of the shower with a Turkish bath, see the next video