Roses are an amazing decoration for the yard, because for a long time they support flowering and can please with a delightful set of colors. Caring for a flower is easy, so it has become so popular in park areas. There are many varieties that are ideal for the suburbs.
The best roses for the Moscow region must meet special requirements, namely to be frost-resistant, since the climate in this region does not please with warmth. Spring comes late, and winter begins early, so the flowers must have time to pick up foliage, inflorescences. It is equally important to consider how the plant experiences severe frosts. Most of the roses grown in the southern regions of the country could not survive the winter or they would have to be covered additionally, otherwise the bushes would simply die.
It is the endurance of the plant that is preferred when planting. After many studies, it was found that Canadian and English non-covering varieties are best suited for the Moscow Region.
Varieties and their description
Winter-hardy ground-cover roses can be not only bushy, often in the gardens you can see wicker plants that create incredibly beautiful arbors. Fragrant and unpretentious roses for the Moscow Region, blooming all summer, decorate the garden for several months.
Climbing roses emit a charming musky aroma, they are completely unpretentious to the quality of the soil and the ambient temperature, do not require careful care, which is why gardeners are so valued. Very beautiful and popular variety "Amadeus" is often used to decorate the recreation area. This is a big rose, when viewed from the size of the flower, arrived in our country from German breeders. Large, slightly fragrant red flowers formed by clusters bloom repeatedly throughout the season, and the shrub shows glossy dark green foliage. At international competitions, the rose won three gold medals.
This variety is superior to other species in terms of resistance to black spots and mold; it is easy to care for. A frost-resistant plant is perfect for the Moscow Region, but with very severe frosts it is better to cover these bushes at the roots.
No less common are Dortmund Climber roses, which have a large raspberry color with dark green radiant foliage. The most interesting and colorful subspecies is the selection of Cordes. The flowers form dense beautiful pillows. The rose has large and dense spikes. Despite the fact that the described variety is frost-resistant, it is advisable for it to allocate a sunny place in a loamy, nutrient-rich soil.
Ground cover variety “Altissimo Rose” is another very popular rose bred in France in 1966. A flower with large 7-8 red petals shows bright yellow stamens. "Ilse Krohn Superior" has a bright oily yellow color. The shrub has a pleasant smell, and the shape of the flowers makes the wattle exceptional beauty. Shaped flowers gather in groups. The foliage is large and dark green glossy. Shoots are hard and strong, reach a height of several meters. Sometimes foliage is affected by powdery mildew, but a powerful plant quickly heals itself.
Climbing Iceberg turns every trellis into mountains of white flowers. Because of the whiteness with a pink tint, the flowers look especially bright when light falls on them. Inflorescences are located in clusters from 3 to 5 on the stem, they adorn the rose from June to September. Especially long shoots do not have spikes. Light green foliage adorns the trunk and forms a beautiful fresh background for slightly creamy white flowers.
Golden Gate is a golden flower miracle, which was bred by a family member of the famous German breeder Cordes. Since its inception, this rose has won many awards and prizes. The most important criterion for evaluating this plant is resistance to leaf diseases.
It is an ideal variety for arch or pillar. Flowers initially have a deep golden yellow color, then slightly change it. During flowering, it produces a lemon scent. The foliage is medium sized, stays on the tree in winter.
These flowers are a mixture of dwarf varieties and hybrid tea, for example, the variety "Harkness". Its main difference is very small flowers that form large inflorescences. They grow very quickly and for a long time delight with flowering. Ideal for the suburbs, as they have excellent frost resistance. There are plain varieties and with two colors in color.
Of the monotonous ones, “Valentine Heart” stands out - a rose in which the flowers have a delicate pink tint. The flowers are medium, there are small teeth on the petals. The bushes grow large and sprawling, the leaves are dark green, have an attractive gloss. During the season it can bloom several times.
Another plain variety is Arthur Bell , which has become popular due to its bright yellow color. You can find the plant in gardens around the world, as it is valued for large flowers, which reach a diameter of 100 mm. It is impossible not to catch the aroma during the flowering period.
In height, such bushes can reach a meter, the width of growth is 800 mm. In terms of accuracy and color intensity, few grades compare to Lilli Marleen.
This rose was bred 40 years ago. The aroma of the plant is very pleasant, but not strong, so it can be felt only near the bush. The buds are covered with velvet, they have a blood-red hue. During flowering, the bush is abundantly covered with buds, each diameter up to 80 mm.
Of the two-color varieties, it is worth highlighting “Circus” , which in the original version is painted in orange with red edges. When the flowers of this rose blossom, they are able to change their color. Up to 5 buds are formed on the stem; each flower reaches a diameter of up to 80 mm.
If we talk about the characteristics of tea-hybrid varieties, they differ from others in their unpretentiousness, large buds and the classical shape of the petals. Hybrid tea roses are considered one of the oldest that have been bred since 1867. The class was created by crossing a tea rose with a hybrid. After this, there were several other attempts to cross different varieties, but their popularity did not take off until the species was officially recognized in 1945.
Of the many varieties I want to highlight "Black Magic" - a dark red rose with thick and velvety petals, which is great as a decoration for the garden. The plant reaches a meter in height.
The second most popular rose is the Chicago Peace rose , a plant that has a deep pink blush on its petals. Large, petal-packed flowers bloom from egg-shaped buds. It perfectly withstands this type of drought and cold, grows up to a meter in height.
“Christian Dior” is a French variety that exhibits a rich red tint similar to lipstick. Flowers have a light semi-sweet aroma of spices, each with about 50 petals. Erect fluffy plants reach a meter in height.
Park roses are distinguished by multiple plentiful flowering. They have been used for several centuries as the main means of decorating parks and other recreation areas. Their main feature is unpretentiousness and resistance to frost. Such plants can be praised for their strong aroma. Of the varieties most demanded in the Moscow Region, the Canadian “Mackenzie” can be distinguished - a bush with a very powerful structure that can reach a height of two meters. The color is not bright pink-red, terry inflorescences. A flower for a long time pleases with its beauty, but as such there is no aroma. The plant will delight in color all summer, can endure a temperature drop of -40 degrees.
Fisherman's Friend is from the UK. The flowers are distinguished by a purple color with raspberry addition. Everyone can delight up to five days, then the petals fall off. You can praise them for their bright aroma. On the reverse side, even on the leaves there are thorns, so it is better to use gloves in the process of grafting or pruning. The maximum height of the bush is 1.2 meters.
By the name it becomes clear that such roses do not have thorns, for which they are appreciated by gardeners, since hands are not injured in the process of leaving and pruning. Of the varieties that gardeners are especially fond of, I want to highlight "Heritage" - a plant that is most often seen from a flowerbed on a flower bed. The flowers are very heavy, have a delicate pastel pink tint. Such a rose reaches a meter and a half in height. If proper care is provided, then no bare patches will form below. The foliage is splendid, has a dark green color. There are practically no spikes on the shoots. To plant such a rose is necessary exclusively in a sunny area, since she does not like the shadow.
Another variety that can tolerate the cold is “Maria Liesa”. Shrub is distinguished by a large height, if you do not carry out timely pruning. Raspberry flowers are very reminiscent of those that have rose hips. The leaves are small, glossy and pointed towards the end. Inflorescences delight with their beauty all summer, with the onset of cold, it is not necessary to cover the plant if the temperature does not drop below -25 degrees.
Stamp roses are not bushes, but small trees that save space on the site. From the summer resident, experience and the ability to form a plant will be required, so not everyone is ready to plant such a rose in their own area. “Regensberg” is one of the most sought-after modern varieties , which is distinguished by pink flowers with a slight white blot to the center. The inflorescences are quite large and reach a diameter of 7 cm. Despite their beauty, the flowers of this bush do not please with their attractiveness for a long time, therefore, it is often necessary to prune them so that they do not spoil the general appearance.
The amazing “Jubile du Prince Monako” cannot be ignored if the gardener wants to plant a standard variety of roses on the plot. The flowers are very large and fluffy, have a pleasant aroma. At the edges they are unevenly blushed, and in the center remain creamy. The height of the bush is up to two meters.
This type of rose can grow up to two meters high. These are always very large bushes that bloom long and plentifully. One of the advantages - any of the varieties can adapt to the created conditions. The gardener should definitely look at the Pink Grootendors, a bush with inflorescences of extraordinary beauty. The maximum height of the bush is 1.5 meters, pale pink terry flowers reach a diameter of 4 centimeters, all in inflorescence up to 15. From the side they are very similar to small bouquets of carnations.
Grootendorst Supreme has a more intense color - roses with rich raspberry flowers that are covered with attractive fringe along the edge. The height of the bush is up to 1.5 m, in one inflorescence 10-15 flowers are collected.
These roses appeared on the market in the eighties. They were the result of the work of an experienced breeder who tried to get a variety that could bloom for a long time and delight with its aroma. "Jubilee Celebration" was created for the anniversary of the queen. Bushes differ in density and duration of flowering. The plant is highly elongated and can reach 120 centimeters. Of the benefits - resistance to disease. If you breathe in a bright aroma, it will look like a mixture of raspberries and lemon.
One cannot help but highlight the yellow, abundantly flowering bushes of Jude the Obscure. The foliage is very dense, has a dark green hue, with frequent planting a carpet of roses forms. Flowers for a long time delight with their beauty and aroma. Their color is very delicate, pleasant, reminiscent of a cream with a slight addition of yellow.
Non-covering roses are those that do not need to be covered for the duration of frosts so that they do not die. They are especially appreciated by gardeners, because they require a minimum of attention. A very unusual variety “Tornedal” cannot but please with amazingly beautiful flowers with more than a hundred petals. Such a terry miracle has a delicate lilac color. The abundance of flowers allows you to enjoy the beauty of a bush for a long time, which can be very tall and spreading.
If you want to have white roses in the garden, then you should pay attention to the Pohjantahti variety. Its flowers are large, delicate, collected in inflorescences. The shrub can be quite large and grows quickly, so it requires regular maintenance. The aroma of such a rose exudes a subtle, but very pleasant.
General rules for planting and care
It is necessary to plant roses in the season, otherwise they will simply die, because they will not have time to put the root system. In fact, there is nothing complicated in growing roses, you just need to prune correctly, remove diseased leaves and flowers, feed bushes and spray from pests. You can buy roses already in pots in the soil or as sleeping plants with a bare root. Root roses that are dormant require more care in the first months after planting. In addition, root plants are an economical and convenient way to order the desired species by mail if it cannot be found in the local nursery. Unlike containerized plants, root plants need to soak their roots in water overnight before planting them in the ground. After the soil is thoroughly and regularly watered.
It is best to plant roses in spring after the last frost or in autumn, at least 6 weeks before the first frost. This gives the roots enough time to harden in the soil before hibernating. For best results, plant them on a cloudy day. Planting on a hot, sunny day or during the summer heat can weaken the bush. The size of the recess in the soil into which the roses are planted is one of the key factors that will affect the result. If root or container roses are planted, you need to dig a hole deep and wide enough to accommodate the roots and provide good drainage.
A large amount of garden compost, peat moss or other organic matter is mixed with soil that has been removed from the planting pit. Use a portion of this mixture at the bottom of the recess. The head should be at ground level in a mild climate and 2-3 cm lower for a cold climate. Fill the pit with a partially soil mixture and add fertilizer with a slow release of nutrients. Pruning - removal of all dead and damaged parts of the bush. In practice, they look brown. Cut the stems to half the growth from the previous year, until you see a healthy white center inside the shoot.
The best time for pruning is early spring, March or April. You can slightly trim the roses all season to keep them well-groomed. The best way to prevent rose diseases is to choose disease resistant varieties. These plants are bred and selected so that they can withstand the most common ailments, including powdery mildew. Powdery mildew usually appears in the summer, especially when the days are hot and dry, and the nights are cool and wet. Its indicator is the leaves that curl, a white coating appears on them. To avoid this, again pruning is necessary, which allows air to circulate inside the bush.
Fungicides are used to get rid of fungal diseases.
See how to plant a rose properly in the next video.