The plow is a special tool for plowing the soil, equipped with an iron share. It is intended for loosening and overturning of the upper layers of the soil, which is considered an important part of continuous processing and processing for winter crops. At first, man pulled the plows along, a little later - livestock. Today, a tool for plowing the soil on a walk-behind tractor is one of the possibilities of using this auxiliary motor technology, in addition to mini-tractors or tractors.
Varieties of tools for plowing
To increase the efficiency of the work performed, it is extremely important to thoroughly approach the question: what agricultural equipment is better for picking motor vehicles.
The following types of implements for plowing the soil are:
- double hull (2-sided);
- rotary (active);
And also there are several options for their fixation:
Let's consider some devices for tillage in more detail.
The rotary tool for plowing the soil for motor vehicles is compared with an iron comb, which allows you to perform plowing of the soil. These types of agricultural equipment of various modifications can have a variety of configurations. But these modifications are connected by the fact that their design becomes wider upward, which makes it possible for these devices to pour soil away from the furrow.
An active plow actually has the same field of application as an ordinary tool for plowing the soil , with the only difference being that it functions faster and more fruitfully. However, there are certain features of its use. So, using a rotary device it is much easier to treat uncultivated land, abundantly overgrown with wild plants. The soil discarded by the shares of this agricultural equipment is more finely ground and mixed, which becomes a plus when cultivating certain types of soil.
When selecting tools for plowing the soil, it is necessary to take into account the presence of the option of regulating the cutting depth and degree of inclination for greater productivity.
The tool for plowing soil of a reversible type is collapsible, probably this is the best option, since sharpening or rotation of the knife is possible.
You should decide what dimensions the plow will have - which directly depends on which modification of the motor equipment you use.
For a more effective use of tools for plowing the soil, you need to set up the tool, for this it is advisable to use a coupling device (you can also without it).
To more accurately perform the adjustment, it is worth taking into account a number of basic provisions:
- it is necessary that the longitudinal axes of the unit and controller are aligned;
- vertical position of the ridge.
Such an installation will make it possible to carry out agricultural work more productively. But it is also required to use extensions on the axle shaft and iron wheels with loads for all kinds of tasks.
Having a drawing and certain skills, you can create a rotary plow on your own from steel with high structural strength. Therefore, for such a home-made adaptation, it does not cost anything to withstand heavy loads during work on the land.
When using this equipment for motor vehicles, you must adhere to several recommendations:
- the device should not have a thin stand, a shortened blade, a small thickness of the body sheet;
- certainly must be present manual.
Double Enclosure (2 Sided)
Bilateral agricultural equipment (okuchnik, he is also a plowman, two-winged plow, row-crop cultivator) is practiced to loosen the soil around plants, dumping it to the base of the stems of various crops. Additionally, weeds are eliminated between the rows. Such tools can be used for cultivating the earth, cutting grooves for planting, and then filling them up, turning on the rear gear of the unit. Such designs are distinguished only by the width of the working grip - variable and constant. Between them, the difference is exclusively in the moving wings, which adjust the width of the working grip.
The device, which with a constant working width, operates with light motor vehicles (up to 30 kilograms), with a motor power of up to 3.5 horsepower. Their distinguishing feature is 12 mm racks (they protect the unit from overload).
The most common types of hills are devices with a variable working width. Their only flaw is the shedding of soil into the furrow after passage. Such equipment comes with units of more than 30 kilograms, with motors with a resource of 4 liters. with. and more.
The manufacturer presents a multifunctional modification of a revolving implement for plowing the land PU-00.000-01, which is adapted for the heavy MTZ 09 N Belarus walk-behind tractor, but it does not fit any MTZ. It is controlled with plowing soil of any density, including virgin soil. As distinctive features, you can focus on the small mass of the device, which equals only 16 kilograms.
Preparation for installation
Equipment with plows structurally different from tractors of motor equipment has some peculiarity.
To aggregate equipment on a light walk-behind tractor, pneumatic wheels are changed to metal wheels (lugs) designed to reduce the load on motor vehicles when opening. Lugs are mounted using specialized hubs that are installed instead of the transport wheel holders on the axle. Larger lug hubs that increase the stability of the unit during plowing are fixed to the drive shaft by means of pins and cotter pins.
Tools for plowing the soil with a mass of up to 60 kilograms and a working width of 0.2 to 0.25 meters are especially convenient for functioning with motor vehicles.
Along with this, an auxiliary ballast weight weighing from 20 to 30 kilograms is installed on light motor vehicles.
Units used for plowing the soil must have at least 2 forward speeds, one of them must be lowered.
It is undesirable to use units with a single gear and weighing up to 45 kilograms for arable work.
How to install?
Mounted on motoblocks are both plows designed for operation with certain modifications, and multifunction devices that operate on the bulk of the units.
The tool for plowing the soil on the MTZ Belarus 09N motor-block is mounted using a standard or multi-purpose coupling device. The hitch is recommended to be fixed on the cultivator with one kingpin. With this attachment, which has a 5-degree horizontal free-wheeling during plowing, the coupling device reduces the soil resistance force affecting the unit and prevents its lateral deviation, reducing the load on the plowman.
To pair the plow and the hitch, vertical holes located on its stand are used, which are additionally used to adjust the depth of plowing.
How to setup?
The regulation of the plow installed on motor equipment involves the adjustment of the depth of plowing, the adjustment of the field board (angle of attack) and the inclination of the blade.
For adjustment, practice flat platforms with a solid surface.
The depth of plowing is set on the unit, set to simulate the conditions of plowing of a support made of wood, the thickness of which varies with the estimated depth of 2-3 centimeters.
On correctly configured agricultural equipment, the field board with its end face lies entirely on the surface of the plot, and the rack forms a parallel with the inner edge of the lugs and stands at right angles to the ground.
The angle of inclination of the angle of attack is set using the adjusting screw. Turning the screw in different directions, they try to achieve a position of the angle of attack at which its heel is placed 3 cm above the toe of the working part (ploughshare) of the plow.
Blade tilt adjustment is carried out on the unit, which is supported by the right lug. Having released the nuts for fixing the implement for plowing the soil to the unit frame, the dump is arranged vertically on the ground plane.
The walk-behind tractor with the exposed plow is brought to the place of work, put the right lug in the prepared furrow and begin to move at the last reduced speed. When moving, a walk-behind tractor equipped with a correctly configured plow device has a roll to the right, and its implement for plowing the soil is located vertically to the cultivated soil.
When the plow is adjusted in accordance with all requirements, the unit moves smoothly, without sudden jerks and stops, the engine, clutch and gearbox function smoothly, the share of the share does not bury itself in the soil, and the raised layer of soil covers the edge of the previous furrow.
From the video below you can learn about the installation and operation of the plow for MT3 walk-behind tractor.