Indoor flowers delight the eye, contribute to raising the mood, give the room coziness. In the cold season, indoor flowers help to better tolerate depression, give aesthetic pleasure from observing their abundant flowering. Many people prefer to grow Decembrists on their windowsill, because this flower pleases with abundant flowering for a long time. To do this, it is important to properly care for the indoor plant. Watering is especially important, because excessive or insufficient moisture can lead to falling of flowers, and sometimes to death of the plant.
Moisture requirement of a flower
Decembrist is grown very often. The plant is a sparse bush with hanging fleshy stems. The plant blooms very abundantly, with bright flowers. The Decembrist is familiar to many under other names. It got its usual name due to the fact that it blooms just before the New Year in the middle or end of December and continues to bloom for a long time.
The plant is called "Christmas tree", "zygocactus." You can also find the botanical name of his "Schlumberger". The flower is named after the florist from France, he has been engaged in breeding and collecting cacti for a long time. The root system of the Decembrist is considered the most vulnerable. In order for a houseplant to develop well and be healthy, it is important to properly water it. If you water the houseplant too abundantly, this can lead to rotting of the roots. With insufficient watering, the Decembrist will begin to change its appearance. At the same time, its stems begin to turn yellow, yellowness also appears on the tips of the leaves.
When growing a Decembrist, it should be borne in mind that it belongs to the cactus family. That is why the plant is able to accumulate the necessary moisture in the tissues, which, if necessary, is used during drought. A lack of moisture zigocactus tolerates much better than its excess. In the event that the soil is very dry, the plant forms air roots, they will absorb the missing moisture from the air.
The need for watering the Decembrist is judged by the state of the soil.
In the event that the top layer of the substrate is 3-4 cm dry, you need to water the plant. If the soil is too wet, it will not allow air to pass through well, so it is important not to overmoisten the soil. Excessive watering can provoke rotting of the roots, which will even lead to the death of the plant. For the proper development of an indoor flower, it is important to consider the quality of water, its quantity and temperature. The condition of the soil also depends on the air temperature in the room where there is a pot with a Christmas tree.
What water to use?
To make the Decembrist regularly bloom and delight with its abundant and bright flowering, it is better to use rainwater. The plant does not tolerate lime-containing or chlorinated water. If it is not possible to take rainwater as irrigation, it is better to replace it with settled water. It is necessary to collect a sufficient amount of liquid into the container and let it stand for 10 days.
How to water?
Growing a Christmas tree at home, you need to water it sparingly. This plant does not like very moist soil, so you need to wait for the top layer of soil to dry. It is necessary to ensure that the liquid does not stagnate in the pan, and the soil, while not being too moist. Many believe that it is necessary to water this indoor plant often, but excess moisture will lead to shedding of leaves. When waterlogging, you do not need to water the Decembrist for several days, and then try to gently pull out the plant.
In the event that the smell of rot is heard and rotten roots are visible, cuttings should be planted, otherwise such a plant will almost certainly die.
When changing the soil, a diseased plant can recover. So that the roots do not rot, you do not need to greatly moisten the soil, this is especially important at low temperatures. In addition, this leads to waterlogging of the soil.
Depending on the season
Depending on the season, the plant needs to be watered in different ways. Starting in March and ending with the last month of summer, the flower is regularly watered with soft water. At this time, the Decembrist is also sprayed and fertilized once every 14 days. In the summer, the Decembrists take out to the balcony or put a pot in the yard under the shady trees. It is important to ensure that snails and slugs do not come close to the pot with a houseplant, this is especially true in August-September.
Gradually, watering the flower should be reduced and put in a cooler place, for example, on the windowsill. It is better that the temperature at this time in the room is about 15 degrees. When buds appear, the temperature in the room increases. Watering the plants is carried out as usual.
- The rest period falls on October-November. At this time, the Decembrist watered 1 time in 7-10 days. A flower pot is placed in a cool place. From the second half of November, you need to water and spray the plant every other day.
- In late November and December, buds begin to appear. During budding, the flower is watered as the soil dries.
- In winter, its flowering begins. From December to February, a flowering plant is not transferred from place to place, so that the Decembrist does not lose color.
- The period of active growth of the plant falls on March-August. At this time, the Decembrist is evenly watered with soft, settled water. The flower is also fed with special fertilizers. Feeding is recommended 1 time in 14 days.
The flower growing season begins in mid-March and continues through September. At this time, the plant grows rapidly, growing new segments. In summer, zigocactus is sprayed with warm water as a lump of earth dries. At this time, nitrogen or universal fertilizers are applied once every 2 weeks. It is better to put a flower pot on a balcony, an open veranda or in the yard, starting from spring and ending in late autumn. Christmas is not recommended for watering at night.
During flowering, it is not sprayed so that the buds do not burn out in the sun.
So that it blooms
Even with constant care and watering, the Christmas tree may look lethargic. To avoid this, it is necessary that the plant does not stand near a hot battery or fireplace. It is very important to moisten the Decembrist, as he simply needs it. A healthy plant on a well-lit window sill will feel best. It is important that the flower is not exposed to direct sunlight for a long time.
To form strong buds, the plant begins to feed potassium-phosphorus fertilizers. In addition, the Decembrists recommend pouring tea leaves, while the water should be warm. To increase the set of buds, the flower is watered with a solution of calcium nitrate. For this, an infusion of eggshell is also used. To make such a solution, you need to wash the raw egg shells and fill them with water. The solution is insisted for a day, then the plant is watered. Budding begins a week after watering.
During the flowering of the Decembrist and its budding, the plant does not move or move, turning it to light and vice versa. A pot with a plant is placed on a windowsill with windows facing the northeast. This will allow him to get a lot of light in the morning and during the day most of the year. You can put it on a window facing north and west. When placing it on the south side, care should be taken to shade it from the hot rays.
Before flowering the Christmas tree, it is watered as necessary. The plant must be placed in a warm place. This is necessary for the correct formation of flower buds. During flowering, the Decembrist is watered with plenty of water. It should also be sprayed, but do it in small doses.
To prevent the Decembrist from dropping the buds, it is important that the air in the room is not very dry.
Before and after transplant
Tropical plants, such as zygocactus, need certain conditions. The plant is regularly sprayed. On hot days, it is done 2-3 times in 7-10 days, and in cold weather the flower is sprayed at least 1 time in 30 days. To carry out this procedure, take a spray gun and pour water at room temperature into it.
In the natural environment, zigocactus grows in regions with high humidity. That is why you need to regularly spray it, also put a container with wet expanded clay under the pot. The young Decembrist grows quickly, he is transplanted as necessary. A transplant of adult plants is carried out 1 time in 5 years. After transplanting, the flower is watered and put on a constant place of growth. When the soil dries 2-3 cm, water the flower again.
Signs of improper watering
With a systematic lack of moisture in the soil:
- the plant becomes pale;
- wrinkles appear on the stems;
- additional aerial roots are formed to help absorb additional moisture;
- the soil in the pot dries more than 4 cm during flowering and almost half during dormancy.
When problems are identified, the plant begins to be watered in small doses, but is watered more often.
To do this, it is better to moisten the soil 4-6 times for 2-3 days. The plant may begin to rot when irrigated with cold water, as well as when it is abundantly moistened at low temperature. Also a sign of improper irrigation is the introduction of a solution with a high concentration of fertilizer into the soil.
In order for the Christmas tree to bloom regularly and please with a plentiful color, you need to properly care for it.
- If a houseplant ceases to bloom , it is necessary to provide good lighting for it and choose a more fertile soil. The best place for a flower is the windowsill on the north side. If necessary, the Decembrist is shaded from the sun.
- With the advent of buds, the plant cannot be moved, otherwise the Decembrist may lose color.
- When dry leaves and flowers , wilted stems appear , you can water the plant with a solution, the main component of which is hydrogen peroxide. To prepare the solution, take 2 tbsp. tablespoons of peroxide and dilute them in a liter of water.
With this solution, the plant is watered 1 time in 7-10 days. If necessary, you can increase the amount of water during irrigation, while reducing the concentration of the solution. 10-15 drops of peroxide are added to 1 liter of water. After several such irrigations, a positive result will be noticeably noticeable.
Before such watering, slightly loosen the soil and remove fallen flowers. This solution is used for root rot. Thanks to water with peroxide, the plant begins to recover faster after watering. If the plant is regularly looked after, watered, sprayed and fed on time, then the Decembrist can delight with its flowering for up to 20 years.
Tips for caring for Decembrist at home - in the next video.