Adromiscus is a unique plant from the family Crassulaceae. Brought from the territory of Southeast Africa. From the Greek literal translation is a thick trunk. Adromiscus is used to create compositions both in the home pot and in the garden. Consider the features of this plant, and also analyze what care it needs.
It is characterized as a stunted shrub or herb with a thick stem. Its leaves are both rounded and pointed. They can be coated with fluff or smooth. The greens are fleshy, plain or covered with brown spots. And also the plant is distinguished by its light brown air roots. Adromiscus pleases its mistresses with flowers. To do this, he releases an arrow, which after a few days is covered with spike-shaped inflorescences of white or pink color.
In the natural habitat, scientists count up to 70 species of adromiscus. At home, not all grow. Most often cultivated varieties:
- the swordsman;
Let's dwell on each name in more detail, consider the features of cultivation.
In another way it is called copper. This is the most common type of hadromiscus, which is also considered unpretentious in cultivation. It is small, up to 10 cm high, the short stalk branches strongly. Green leaves are shiny, smooth, can be evenly colored or have red-brown spots that appear after sun exposure. The edge is a little wavy, reaches 5 cm in length.
The inflorescence is represented by an ear, on it tubular flowers up to 1.5 cm are located. The fused red petals at the edges can be white, pink or purple.
Cooper is a very photophilous plant that tolerates heat and drought for a long time. The best place for him is the southern windows of the house. The plant perfectly withstands temperatures of + 25.30 ° C.
But frosts may not survive, although some growers note frost resistance up to –7 ° C. In no case do not allow excessive moisture in the soil in the pot - often this leads to the death of the plant.
Try to water the adromiscus after the soil has completely dried. Do not allow water to get on the leaves, as this causes them to rot. It is very important to fertilize on time. Mineral top dressing with a low salt concentration is not more than 1 time per month suitable for Cooper.
And also this adromiscus is called cristatus. This small plant, the leaves of which are collected in a rosette, reaches a height of 15 cm. A distinctive feature of this species is the stems, which at the beginning of growth stand, then sag and crawl along the ground, overgrown with aerial roots.
The leaves in shape resemble an inverted triangle up to 4.5 cm long, up to 2.5-3.0 cm wide, with a wavy edge, endowed with villi. The inflorescence looks like an ear of corn, covered with small white-green flowers, with a pink fringing along the edge of the petal.
The crested adromiscus is also thermophilic. For good growth, a temperature of up to + 30 ° C is required, but at the same time it can withstand frosts of -1 ° C.
This is a shrub up to 5-7 cm high with a small number of branches, rounded or oval leaves of dark green color with red spots. Blooms in red-brown colors, forming an inflorescence brush.
A short plant, reaching a height of about 10 cm. Its trunk does not have a branching, overgrown with light brown air roots. The leaves are narrow at the base, at the apex become much wider. The flower-bearing stalk can be up to 40 cm long. The flowers themselves are nondescript, of a green hue.
The name of this adromiscus is derived from the characteristic groove located on the clavate green leaves of the edge. The leaves themselves are rough, thick, up to 4 cm in length and 2.5 cm in height.
During growth, adromiscus is covered by aerial roots, which turn brown with time. The color stalk is 25 cm long, strewn with pink buds on a pale leg.
It is the most variable species of adromiscus, at the same time incredibly beautiful. This is a succulent with thick stems up to 5 mm in diameter and 1-2 cm long. The leaves are voluminous up to 20 mm wide and 4 cm long, ovoid or elliptical in pale green color with a wedge-shaped base. At the top of the leaf in bright light a red tint appears, which gives a special charm to this plant. Their texture is diverse, can be both smooth and bumpy.
The inflorescence is represented by a simple panicle with flowers of a white hue. One of the features of the species is its slow growth.
Conditions of detention
In order for adromiscus to please you as long as possible, you need to follow a few recommendations on its content.
- All species need bright sunlight, are not afraid of direct rays.
- Since succulent is native to Africa, for comfortable growth they need a temperature range of +35 to + 30 ° C in the summer. In extreme temperatures, ventilate the room more often. For the winter, you can create conditions up to + 10.15 ° C. At the same time, do not allow frost, which can lead to the death of the plant.
- Adromiscus does not require high humidity, it should not be sprayed. In many species, the leaves begin to rot when water gets on them.
How to care?
Keep moderation in watering. Succulents are very resistant to drought and do not tolerate constantly moist soil. However, do not allow the soil to dry out, as this can lead to disease. In winter, watering should be very rare, reduce water procedures from the beginning of autumn. Use water at room temperature that has been previously sedimented.
Fertilizers in the spring and summer make 1 time per month. Choose a fertilizer with a low mineral content. It is best if it is a special composition for succulents. In the autumn-winter period, fertilizing should be stopped.
Adromiscus transplantation is carried out only as a last resort. Auspicious time is autumn. Choose a small pot to plant. If you want to create a composition, consider the number and size of flowers so that everyone has enough space and sunlight. Soil is easy to find in the store. In the absence of such for succulents, you can replace the soil for cacti. At the bottom of the pot, make expanded clay drainage.
The most common way of reproduction in domestic conditions is cuttings. Leaves are used, for which they are broken off from the main plant, dried for several hours. Then stick into wet sand or vermiculite. But you can also use soil for cacti.
The rooting process lasts about 4 weeks, after which the succulent is transplanted according to all the rules.
Diseases and Pests
The main pests of adromiscus are aphids, spider mites and mealybugs. In order to rid your pet of parasites, evict him for a while from other plants. Further tactics are different.
On home flowers, white aphids most often settle. She makes a puncture in the stem and sucks the plant sap, which makes it weakened. To combat aphids, folk remedies are often useless, so start processing with professional tools:
It should be remembered that all these products have an unpleasant odor, so there should be no children or animals in the treated room. Be sure to wear protective equipment: gloves and a respirator.
This is a very small insect, which is difficult to notice with the naked eye. A thin cobweb forms on the plant, on which ticks stick. To combat this pest, use insecticides such as Actellik, Flumayt, Skelta. Read the instructions before use. Observe protective measures.
The second name is shaggy lice. On the plant they are visible with the naked eye. They feed on the juice of young shoots, causing significant damage. The choice of tools to deal with this pest is large. Treat every 1-2 weeks for three months.
This will affect young larvae that are very sensitive to chemicals.
Most often, adromiscus gets sick from errors in care. Consider the most popular problems.
- The lower leaves turn yellow and die. These are the natural processes of plant growth and development.
- Rotten leaflets. Appear when water gets in during irrigation.
- Drying foliage or excessive yellowing. These problems are most often the result of frequent watering. And can also occur after a sunburn. It is recommended to reduce the frequency of watering and create a diffusing light.
- Foliage cracking. The soil is overdried.
- Elongated shoots, faded leaves. More often occur in low light. Rearrange the succulent to the south window. Adjust the frequency of watering and air temperature.
For an overview of a d romiscus, see the following video: