Cacti are considered the most unpretentious plants, since they do not require a lot of water and are able to withstand fairly difficult environmental conditions, but only an inexperienced gardener thinks so. In the article we give a detailed overview of cacti with leaves.
Varieties and names of leaf succulents
The variety of cactus species, their names are explained by adaptation to different habitat conditions. The most common among indoor cacti are the following.
- "Pachypodium" is popularly known as a cactus with leaves on the tip of the "stem". He deserves recognition as the most unusual representative of indoor plants, whose tissues have the ability to accumulate water. Even the Greeks called this variety "fleshy foot." It fully justifies this name, because it can reach 1.5 meters in width in the wild, and even more in height. A house plant is able to reach a height of no more than a meter. Due to its thick stem, Pachypodium successfully accumulates a large volume of liquid. Many types of plants have protection in the form of thorns. These spiky spines are grouped in 3 pieces. If we consider the internal components of the plant, it can be noted that it has a clear cell sap. The lifespan of Pachypodium varies from 3 to 15 years. Among the many varieties can be noted such varieties: "Madagascar palm", "Pachypodium Saunders", "Pachypodium Jaya", "Pachypodium southern".
- Another no less interesting and famous cactus with leaves is Pereskia. It has many varieties that differ both in their shape and in flowering and color. The general characteristic of Pereskia suggests that the plant is low, has relatively small petals (up to 25 cm) and a stem with thorns. The germination of these spikes can be either single or group. The peculiarity of this cactus is that at the end of the flowering period, the whole bright shade as if passes from the fallen petals to the fleshy stalk of the cactus. Most gardeners characterize Pereskia as a plant with long and unique flowering, a short period of growth and development. This plant exudes a pleasant smell. Leaf cactus can be divided into varieties: "Peresia prickly", "Peresia orange", "Peresia Weber", "Peresia Godssef" and others.
- Everyone has the opportunity to grow Epifillum at home , but, unfortunately, not everyone can provide a cactus with a decent flowering. The lack of leaves in the cactus is compensated by long, with flat (sometimes triangular) stems. Epifillum hybrids are more common, therefore, an active increase in the number of varieties has recently begun. The stems of the plant are fleshy, on the periphery there are notches. Epiphyllum flowers are large and can reach 6 cm in radius. A diverse range of colors has not only the usual shades for everyone, but also all kinds of overflows. Another plus in the piggy bank of the plant is fragrant flowering.
- A cactus with wavy leaves looks no less original. Scientists have concluded that it is not even a cactus-like flower, and not a flower-like cactus. It is very difficult for a layman to determine belonging to any kind. But beautiful foliage, large red-pink flowers have nothing to do with the traditional concept of “flower”, because “Epiphyllum” is a real cactus. The number of varieties of this type of plant is measured only by the variety of its color.
The color scheme is very diverse, contains many shades: from delicate cream to bright red.
Long Leaf Succulents
Flat cactus is rich in varieties, as there are up to 300 of them around the globe. They are also called “Opuntia”, they are considered the most undemanding plants that are able to adapt to any habitat. The color scheme is rather meager: from pale green to bright green. The stems are thickened, but expand closer to the end. The spikes can be located either in groups or singly. The meaty stalk allows you to accumulate a large amount of nutrients, so the cactus body is very juicy.
Oblong foliage succulents
Cacti of this kind are characterized by their "longevity." The fact is that the root system of such succulents is very powerful and developed, due to the fact that it has to provide such a large area of the cactus with nutrients and liquid. Plants are predominantly green. With large, long leaves.
Some varieties of cacti with long leaves can form small peas at the ends of bodies, which can be mistaken for edible ones.
The well-known Euphorbia can boast of its foliage. It is he who is one of the representatives of succulents with a triangular "hair". He, like other representatives of this species, is very unpretentious, able to sprout anywhere. Due to the bright green color, the flower is clearly visible, its sides of the stems are clearly visible. It has small spines, as well as a triangular plume of small sheets (up to 3 cm in size) along the entire length of the stem. Such leaflets do not last long, because due to their size and location they can easily die from the sun, but new ones quickly appear in their place.
How to transplant succulents, check out the next video.