The shower cabin is a closed space for the adoption of complete water procedures. The main reason for its installation in the apartment is to save space. The configuration of this design should be maximum.
The functionality of the shower is in no way inferior to the standard bathtub, and modern high-tech models even surpass it. At the same time, tribute is given to recent trends - minimalism in the interior. Opening free square meters provide opportunities for the introduction of new solutions in the setting.
There are three main types of showers.
- Monoblock - in fact, a semi-finished product, which is a practically assembled finished box, which must be selected in form, area and additional components, and then connected to the water supply and drainage system. The location and variation of placement depends on the shape and size of the pallet. Both characteristics are rich in their variations in the modern market.
- Prefabricated - a set of components, as a designer assembled in place. Most often it does not have rear walls, so such showers are installed in the corner of the room.
- Limited - design, which is characterized by the absence of a ceiling. Another name is a shower corner. It has a space limit only within the walls of the bathroom and its own panels with the walls of the cabin and doors. Installed on a pallet or floor. In the latter case, it is important to level and waterproof the walls, as well as the flooring. In addition, it will be necessary to evaluate the possibility of installing the drainage system and the quality preparation of the room as a whole. Not the most convenient option, because even with a quality installation, the presence of such a cabin in the bathroom will mean increased humidity outside the cabin, and, consequently, in the living room. In addition, dampness is provided.
If everything is clear with simple cheap variations in the design of showers, from the point of view of their functionality - they are designed to provide their owner with the opportunity to wash and relax under the stream of water, then modern expensive technological models are literally crammed with additional functions and sometimes represent entire washing complexes.
Such cabins, in turn, are divided into electronic and mechanical. A power supply may be needed for the functioning of lighting, hoods, and multimedia connections. The market is even familiar with models that can receive phone calls.
Additionally, to give greater ergonomics, they may be present, but optional: seats, mirrors, dispensers, massagers, hangers and hooks.
The geometric shape of showers can be very diverse, you need to choose it depending on the availability of free space and the intended installation location.
Symmetrical angular occupies the smallest area. I choose it for installation in the corner of small-sized rooms. A top view of the projection of the cabin will indicate what it represents a quarter of a circle centered in a corner formed by walls. The front part is semicircular. The internal space is limited to a minimum, but within reason - allows you to take a shower without unnecessary inconvenience. Inside each booth of accessories: a watering can, it is also a nozzle, and a mixer. Belong to the category of the most economical
The following are variations on a theme that no longer feel obligated to shrink as much as possible in size, without the rigor of installation rules, can be multifunctional.
Asymmetric angular in the context can be very different in shape , length of the walls, the option of bending the front side. All this continues to remain within the framework of a certain asceticism, continuing to hold the attention of the consumer, who is not ready to part with a large amount of money and to control the limited space of the bathroom too much. For this reason, they are also made under the possibility of being installed in the corner. Choosing such, it is necessary to provide that they can be left-or right-handed.
Rectangular, in particular square, shower cabins - boxes that claim to provide a certain amount of comfort. This can be manifested in the presence of a deep pan, for example, which, if necessary, will be ready to partially fulfill the functions of a bathroom. The installation location is left to the owner. Standard sizes in case of conveyor party execution do not exceed 1.2x1 m.
If you want everything at once, while there are no restrictions on the budget and the number of square meters, then a shower cabin can be made to order. It will not only be equipped with all conceivable and inconceivable functions, right up to decorative lighting, but it will also be “packaged” into a different shape as part of a flight of engineering thought. For the manufacture of such complexes, specialists will most likely need to go to the place of the proposed installation in order to assess its capabilities and formulate a competent project taking into account all the wishes of the customer.
Regardless of the shape, functionality, size of the shower cabin, the reliability of its operation, the strength of fastening large elements among themselves, and the durability of operation are ensured by small parts. Sophisticated modern shower models have more of them; economical type variants have fewer. It is difficult to refuse one thing: in both cases they must be of the highest quality and made only by a high-class manufacturer. Compliance with these requirements will save significant costs in the future.
The complex of all details of a shower cabin is called accessories. Of the constant and unchanging components of any kit, the main ones can be distinguished.
- Rollers. Invisible but very important servants of the door opener. The mobility and, as a consequence, the tightness of the cabin depends on them. A classic example of why hardware needs to be given special attention. Constantly under extreme operating conditions, they must work and provide mobility for a fairly long time, so as not to be considered disposable consumables. Under extreme conditions refers to constant humidity, sudden changes in temperature, regular mechanical stress. Based on these conditions, the material of manufacture is selected: metal, plastic. To extend the operational life of the rollers, care is required - cleaning from accumulated dirt and deposits.
- Sealants. If the rollers are nevertheless indirectly related to tightness, then the seals are designed specifically for this function. They are provided everywhere where a gap can be formed - at the junction of the paintings and doors, their fit to the walls. It is understood that they are made of materials with increased moisture resistance, while not subject to rapid wear. Moreover, by definition, they must be flexible, capable of compression and expansion, amenable to cleaning, quick and easy replacement. Polyvinyl chloride, rubber fits well into such requirements. More expensive options for seals are made of silicone, impregnated with antibacterial compounds, which also provides hygiene.
- Watering can. An integral part of the shower, as it has the most direct relation to water procedures. Watering can be installed at different heights in a different order. Here a lot depends directly on the design and the availability of additional functions of the box itself. Most sensitive to water quality. Therefore, they require regular preventive measures to protect them from limestone deposits.
- Door elements. These include pens, hinges, connectors. Rigidity and hardness are a mandatory requirement for them, therefore, unlike the previous parts, made of elastic materials, they cannot. At the same time, they must be resistant to corrosion processes. The most consistent combination of these qualities is brass. High-quality elements from a reliable manufacturer, most likely, will be made of it. Handles require a separate mention, since they are the point that fully reflects the taste and preferences of the owner of the shower room. As the most visible part, they are performed in different shapes and sizes and, in this sense, allow variability in choice. Models that do not tolerate savings, even have anti-slip inserts.
One way or another, a mandatory set for any shower cabin looks like. In general, it may differ depending on some conditions. A very wide list is made up of elements of an additional, optional nature. And the point here is not only and not so much in what functions the selected shower box has.
In general, these are standard elements, the presence of which is optional , but which greatly facilitate life and make the process of washing or relaxing procedures more comfortable and convenient. This includes all kinds of shelves, towel racks, nets, hooks, rugs and other little things, the empty listing of which simply does not make sense. Each individual makes a decision about their absence or presence within their space, and you can get acquainted with a wide assortment of a full range of add-ons in a specialized store, where they will not only help you to properly and tastefully equip your bathroom with a shower, but will also be happy to show it at the demonstration catwalks, how it looks in the operating mode, how the most functionally complex devices work.
Fittings can be very diverse. For example, bronze, gold or copper is suitable for many interior styles. The antique model is suitable for classic design. Do not forget about repair kits and heated towel rails. They must also be carefully selected.
How to choose?
In order not to get lost among the huge assortment, it would be useful to theoretically familiarize yourself with the proven manufacturers of bathroom accessories. In addition, you must immediately deny yourself an attempt to save. The reasons have already been indicated for why small details require special attention and do not tolerate neglect.
It is better to purchase an expensive thing once, but with a maximum service life , than to regularly visit the store for spare parts. In order not to be mistaken with the dimensions and geometry where they are important, you need to take with you to the store either worked-out parts, or appropriate measurements, sketches, photographs. All that will contribute to a quick choice based on actual data and save you from confused wandering among the shelves and long consultations with the seller.
Carefully you need to evaluate the material from which this or that trifle is made. Assess the most important requirements that should be put forward to it, and, based on them, analyze the existing proposals.
The main thing is to observe pragmatism and understand well the true purpose of your visit to the plumbing equipment salon.
Do not forget to pick up all the necessary gum, limiters, two-way adjustments. Mounts for sliding parts and staples. Before installation, all schemes should be prepared, which includes a continuous variation.
It makes sense for convenience of perception to divide the entire range of manufacturers into two categories: premium class and economy class. Neither one has certain advantages. The products of each of them are aimed at their target audience of consumers. This, in turn, serves as the basis for the selection of equipment, materials and production technologies. A number of brands are represented in both segments, the quality of the products of which can be safely relied on taking into account the agreed conditions. For example, three representatives from each group with distinguishing features of each of them are identified.
- MWE (Germany) - stylish, manual work takes place;
- Metalglas (Italy) - compactness, much attention is paid to tightness;
- Sadev - design.
The whole trinity is united by such a feature as a wide range of all types of products.
- USAF (Taiwan) - universality;
- Orman (Russia) - low prices and wear resistance;
- Casma (Italy) - ease of installation, reliability.
Among high-quality manufacturers, one can also distinguish:
- Erlit - made in China;
- Pauli, Eago made in Turkey.
Many professionals advise to adhere to certain rules when choosing high-quality fittings.
- It is advisable to choose products from trusted manufacturers of accessories.
- Pay close attention to the moisture resistance of your chosen model. If this characteristic is not available, then the accessory can be very susceptible to corrosion.
- Carefully understand the main parameters of your future purchase. Choose the best option for yourself.
Perhaps the main slogan and advice, which was useful to draw from all the material, would be the following: “There are no trifles in life or in the soul! ". This should be guided by the venture to upgrade their plumbing equipment.
See how to install a shower cabin with your own hands in the next video.