The bathroom is not only a place for hygienic procedures, but a relaxation corner, so I want it to be cozy, clean and beautiful. There is no need to put a huge bath. It is quite possible to install a compact shower in which you can invigorate in the morning and relax in the evening. Moreover, you can avoid buying an expensive shower, and make a shower tray from a tile with your own hands.
The small space of the bathroom often makes you look for the best solutions to make it convenient for all family members, and at the same time have everything you need. If the bathroom is combined, then this problem becomes even more urgent. Sometimes a good solution is to install a shower. But finished products, which are in a wide range in construction and sanitary shops, are not suitable for everyone because of the high price. You should consider how best to enclose the space in order to protect nearby things from water, and the pallet can be made of tiles. And this is a simple process if you have all the necessary materials and tools.
There are two options for installing a pallet.
- You can buy a ready-made kit in the store, which includes a polystyrene pallet. It is already sealed and has a frame. It can be installed, build a border, decorate using ceramic tiles. To equip the upper space in the simplest way: fasten the handrails to the wall for convenience, place a pipe at the top and hang a waterproof curtain.
- Everything is done with your own hands - from start to finish.
If a major overhaul is planned, it is worth considering initially where and what plumbing will be installed with an orientation to where it will be more convenient to lay communication systems. In the event that the repair has already been done, you will have to adapt to the existing water supply and sewer. But it is best that the shower is located in the opposite corner from the entrance.
The forms of pallets can be the most diverse: square, triangular, round, oval. Sizes range from seventy centimeters and up. It all depends on the size of the bathroom and the place, which without prejudice to the rest of the space can be taken to the shower. It will be logical to consider for the future the option of installing a certain type of cabin without a pallet. Then the dimensions are adjusted to the size of the base of the cabin, which is subsequently planned to be installed.
The main steps for creating a pallet of tiles with your own hands are as follows:
- to think over and indicate the size of the future structure;
- determine the material for construction;
- make a comfortable side;
- prepare the area on which the pallet will be installed;
- to think over and make thermal insulation;
- mount the ladder;
- build a pallet;
- lining the pallet and side.
When it is decided where the base of the soul will be located, and what shape it will be, it is necessary to outline its contours. Before buying material, you should calculate how much is needed. It is recommended to take the tiles with a small margin so that if the element is damaged it can be replaced. In the process, it may turn out that a miscalculation has occurred somewhere, so it is better to play it safe. In addition, you immediately need to decide whether the pallet will be deep, which will be used as a enclosing device - plastic, glass or film.
At the heart of the shower tray is a foundation of concrete, which is finished with decorative material. From the outside, a wall is laid, thanks to which water will not spill onto the bathroom floor. Inside this structure is a gangway designed to drain water into the sewer. The plane is mounted so that there is a slight slope towards the ladder.
How to make?
Making a shower with your own hands begins with the fact that you need to create a waterproofing and thermal insulation.
Roofing material and a durable film are used for waterproofing the floor. Places where floors and walls are joined must be completely closed. Even the smallest cracks need to be removed. Then the whole space is processed with bitumen mastic. It is applied, like the primer, in an even layer. Then you need to let the site dry well during the day, and apply a second layer. The final step will be fixing at the joints of the waterproofing tape.
The manufacture of thermal insulation is carried out using foam at least three centimeters thick. It must be of such a density that it can withstand loads. In the manufacture of a sewer ladder responsible for water drainage, it is necessary to properly strengthen each element: pipes, funnel, gaskets, as well as a grate and siphon, which are responsible for ensuring that unpleasant odors do not penetrate the room.
Using waterproof glue or cement mortar, the walls of the pallet can be made of brick. Red brick is preferable because it is more resistant to moisture. You can choose another method: to make the formwork and pour concrete into it. This method will not work, if repairs need to be done quickly, the concrete will dry for at least three weeks.
Before making a cladding of tiles or ceramic tiles, the entire area is treated with a special waterproof composition. When laying tiles, use moisture resistant tile adhesive. Moisture-resistant grout will also be required to process the joints.
Moisture-resistant adhesives that have good consumer reviews include:
- Eunice Plus;
- Eunice Pool;
- "Litokol" K80;
- "Ceresite" CM11.
Of the suitable grouts, Ceresit CE 40 Aquastatic can be noted. It contains antiseptic additives that prevent the formation of fungus and mold.
The important points include the fact that when choosing a tile you need to consider that it is not too slippery. Information on this in the form of marking should be contained on the packaging.
You can make a pallet with an acrylic coating. This material is often used to cover bathtubs and showers. Due to its good performance, acrylic is in demand by consumers when installing bathtubs and showers. If necessary, the acrylic coating can be easily updated.
There is an even simpler version of the pallet - it is enameled. Thus, you can save money. But it has two drawbacks - cold to the touch and quite slippery. When using it, it is better to lay a rubber mat on the bottom. The iron pan is more rigid and resistant to deformation, but it is subject to corrosion. The metal is quite thin, so its vibration is possible, as well as the noise that will be emitted by water jets falling on the pallet.
The cast iron tray is much stronger, and corrosion is not afraid of it. He is able to serve for a long time. But it is necessarily covered with enamel, on which, over time, the appearance of chips is inevitable, which spoils the appearance of the shower. To preserve a single style, some make pallets of wood; it previously requires special processing.
Whatever option is chosen, part of the space will in any case be faced with decorative tiles. And if you choose a pallet from all sorts of options, it is still preferable to tile option. It is easy to lay it out for yourself; nothing limits the choice of the right colors and patterns.
To make the shower tray really look beautiful, it was pleasant to take water procedures in it, it is better to revet the base with decorative material. The space to be faced is very small, so you can choose the original beautiful tile and think about the design.
The easiest option: after pouring the surface with concrete or laying bricks, it is good to plaster the surface, primer it, and then apply a moisture-resistant paint, choosing a color for other surrounding parts.
But the best option is to lay out the tiles. Its selection is so diverse that you can design the surface so that it will correspond to the overall design. If desired, the shower can be designed in the same style with walls or ceilings and floors.
Tiles can be matte or glossy, with different patterns. You can design the surface by combining different colors. A mosaic tile will look very attractive. Especially if its elements are already present in the rest of the decor. Small details will help lay out complex surfaces if the pallet, for example, is not rectangular, but oval or round. The favorites in the cladding of the shower are ceramic tiles and mosaics. But it is also interesting and stylish to look at natural or artificial stone used as a cladding.
Finishing the pallet with the help of decorative elements is carried out only after complete solidification of concrete and other types of masonry.
The technology of laying tiles does not differ from mounting other surfaces. We also act as if we were fixing it on the floor or walls. Glue must be selected waterproof. For even application, a notched trowel is used. No glue is needed on the surface of the tile itself. The surface is leveled with a mallet. Facing begins from discharge. Tiles are cut as necessary at the edge of the walls.
There is one more piece of advice for choosing tiles, which is worth considering. When buying tiles, you need to pay attention to such parameters as moisture absorption and wear resistance.
Tiles with a high degree of wear resistance are more expensive , but if the shower is installed in the apartment, and not in the country, for example, and it is used instead of a bath, then you should not save on this. It is better to choose high wear resistance. And one more nuance: the shower tray involves the use of tiles with the least moisture absorption. This information, if the tile meets all the requirements, must be contained on the packaging.
For convenience and comfort, the pallet design can be equipped with a warm floor system. Pay attention to safety. Experts recommend using a cable system to install a warm floor, since it provides strong insulation and a protective shield. And one more nuance: when choosing a heating element, it is necessary to take into account its characteristics. Only IP class constructions can be used in rooms with high humidity.
Tile gives unlimited scope for imagination. Therefore, to arrange a pallet will not leave much difficulty.
A good combination of beige tones, where the walls are made a tone lighter than the pallet using decorative inserts. And the pallet itself is made of tiles of different sizes and sizes.
A compact corner pallet lined with large tiles also looks good. Walls and floors are laid out in the same color scheme using even larger elements. In general, everything looks harmonious.
Another interesting solution. It is enough to build a deeper pan. It can, if necessary, perform the functions of a bathtub. In this case, the bottom of the pallet is laid out with small tiles, and the walls with large ones. The colors of the walls and floor are the same.
The mosaic type coating looks interesting in the design of the pallet, and it is used in combination with large plates on the walls.
In the next video, you can see how to make a shower tray from a tile with your own hands.