In nature, crops are abundant, which can also be grown at home. Among the existing variety, it is worth highlighting succulents, whose decorative properties made them very popular. Such plants include ripsalis, represented by several dozen species that are actively used to decorate the room.
This plant is a perennial succulent from the cactus family, which stands out from the rest of the cultures from a kind of unusual appearance. In the natural environment, ripsalis grows in tropical forests, most often the plant can be found in Brazil. Succulents consists of a huge number of small shoots , which in the process of growth lengthen, forming a round hat around the base of the flower.
In addition to wildlife, ripsalis, like the hator, is actively cultivated at home, quickly grows its green mass , in the light of which it becomes popular as a decorative flower.
Adhering to the recommendations regarding care, in a fairly short time you can get a very beautiful lush plant, which will become a worthy decoration of a home or office.
A flower is an epiphytic culture with a small superficial root system. Due to such features of its structure, in the wild, a cactus develops on trees, due to which the culture manages to avoid waterlogging and rotting of the roots during heavy rainfall. The shoots themselves have components represented by oblong lobes. As for their form, depending on the species, some differences may be observed in their structure.
You can find cultures with shoots of a cylindrical shape, with a flattened base or with several ribs . The color of the stems is saturated green.
According to the description of some types of ripsalis, the stems of a plant can have areoles, as well as light pile on the surface . The plant gains splendor due to the fact that the cactus shoots are combined in thick and large branches, the length of which can reach one meter, with an average stem width of only a few millimeters. A feature of the structure of ripsalis is the formation of aerial roots where the stems will connect together.
The decorative appeal of the flower is due not only to its specific structure and development of the stems, but also to the ability to bloom. Culture throws solitary buds , which in their shape resemble bells with narrow petals and stamens in the middle.
Home-grown plants bloom in yellow, white, or pink flowers . As a rule, indoor ripsalis enters the flowering phase in the autumn-winter period, when the hot season begins in its homeland.
On pollinated flowers, mini-fruits can later ripen, which are represented by round-shaped berries with a sticky pile.
Species and varieties
According to modern classification, today there are about six dozen varieties of plants. The following succulents are especially popular among gardeners .
- Barcel. An unusual flower is formed from thin shoots in the shape of a cylinder, as a rule, their diameter does not exceed 2-3 millimeters with a length of about 5-6 centimeters. There are whitish blotches on the green stems.
- Hairy. Ripsalis received a similar name due to its stems, consisting of miniature but elongated lobes. The culture consists of a large number of shoots that bend, forming around the pot a shape resembling a pile of hair. Cactus of this species blooms with white flowers, usually blooms in the autumn months, and in winter the culture is in a dormant phase.
- Gnarled. In this flower, the stems will be cylindrical or bottle-shaped, in the process of growth in a young plant, the shoots actively stretch upward. But over time, under their own mass, they will still fall and branch below. Fractions of the flower are small, their diameter will be several millimeters, the maximum length will be at the level of 5-6 centimeters, with a total loop length of one meter.
- Pilocarp. This perennial develops with powerful shoots painted in bright green color with many areoles and small hairs on the surface. With proper care, succulents can throw flowers twice a year. They will have a yellow color and a large number of stamens inside.
- Elliptic. The stakes in this variety will be wide and fairly flattened; the stems on the surface contain areoles with villi. The buds are formed from the sides of the flower, their color is mostly yellow.
- Prismatic. The shoots of this species will consist of shares, the length of which will be about 15 centimeters. On the top of the cactus, shoots with 3-5 faces grow, they provide the flower with a shape resembling a cylinder. Flowering culture occurs white flowers.
- Poisonous. A very large indoor crop, the length of its shoots can reach up to 4 meters. Some perennials contain thorns on the stems. Ripsalis blooms in white flowers, can bear fruits of a similar color, the diameter of which will be 6-8 mm.
- Tsereuskula. The most popular plant among gardeners. The plant forms a lot of shoots that frame the pot and fall in the form of arches. The diameter of the flowers does not exceed 2 centimeters, the color is mainly white.
- Ripsalis Lindbergh. The culture blooms in small pink flowers, its stems in diameter do not exceed 5 millimeters with a length of about one meter.
- Curly. Shoots stand out for their average size and flat shape. Saturated green color of the plant is decorated with small creamy flowers, which are formed on each segment of the culture.
Also at home, the following varieties of ripsalis are actively grown:
- empty (cassette).
Conditions of detention
Ripsalis is a plant that at home will not give the grower extra trouble. However, the fundamental factor on which the health and flowering of a culture depends is the competent selection of a place to place a pot with a flower.
As for the level of lighting, perennial will need a dim, diffused light, a cactus also develops well in partial shade. Direct sunlight will negatively affect the growth and appearance of ripsalis, so it is recommended to obscure the windows facing the south side in the summer. In the warm season, the flower can be taken out onto the balcony or loggia, as well as the veranda.
The most suitable air temperature in the room for a cactus will be the thermometer, varying in the range + 18-22 ° C. To avoid overheating in the summer months, it is recommended to ventilate the room where the flower grows . Culture is not afraid of drafts; shoots retain their structure even with tangible gusts of wind. In winter, the temperature in the ripsalis room should be lowered to + 10-12 ° C.
Cactus, unlike many varieties of indoor flowers, does not require maintaining high humidity, so even in the heating season there will not be any problems with it. Periodically bathing under a warm shower positively affects the culture.
How to care?
Caring for a culture comes down to quite simple activities.
Succulents need regular and abundant moistening of the soil and root system, experts advise to orient in this matter on the level of drying of the soil in the pot : it should become dry by one third. After flowering, when the plant will be in a dormant phase, watering can be reduced. To moisturize, it will be better to use water at room temperature, but only after it settles well.
In the heat, shoots can also be sprayed.
The culture will need additional nutritional complexes during the growing season. Therefore, gardeners are recommended to fertilize ripsalis every two weeks, using specialized formulations for cacti. With special care, substances containing nitrogen salts should be used , since they can provoke rotting of the rhizome. In winter, there is no need to fertilize the cactus.
You need to transplant the crop only as a last resort, because during these manipulations it is very easy to damage the roots and shoots of the plant. Shallow pots or pots are usually used to root the flower. Change the soil and capacity of a cactus is not more than once every 2-3 years. While the cactus has not yet grown, a young plant is allowed to transplant annually.
A suitable soil for ripsalis is nutritious and slightly acidic soil. Florists very often use substrates with sand, peat and turf soil. At the bottom of the cactus pot, you must definitely make a drain. The transplant process itself involves a transshipment method.
Succulents can be propagated in several ways - cuttings and seeds . The latter option requires deepening the collected material into the soil immediately after collection, since perennial seeds quickly lose their germination ability. Also, before planting, they should be previously held in a solution of potassium permanganate. Cactus is grown from seeds in a small container, deepening the material into a substrate of peat and vermiculite.
In order for the seeds to sprout , they need to create a mini-greenhouse by covering the container with film, and the temperature should be kept at + 23-25 ° C in the room. As a rule, healthy planting material will germinate in a couple of weeks. You need to plant several young crops in separate pots.
The cuttings method involves the separation of a shoot with 2-3 lobes from healthy ripsalis. It is slightly dried, and then rooted in a substrate of sand and peat.
As a rule, after 2-3 weeks the plant will begin to grow in size, and after the emergence of roots, the culture can be transplanted into a special soil for cacti.
Diseases and Pests
Most often, errors in the process of caring for the crop lead to the fact that the succulents develop such an ailment as root rot . This option can happen with regular fluid stagnation in a flower pot.
Often, the cactus is affected by chlorosis , the signs of which are yellowness on the shoots, the perennial root system also suffers from this disease. A preventive measure that reduces the risk of such an ailment is to create the optimal level of lighting in the room. In addition, it is important to select the soil for growing succulent with an acidity of not more than 5 pH. A low-quality tap water with high acidity can provoke the development of the disease. To reduce this figure, it is recommended to moisten the soil in a cactus pot with a solution based on citric acid.
Another option that has an effective preventive nature, which eliminates the situation with the appearance of insects on the flower, will be feeding the cactus with iron in a chelated form . In this case it is necessary to introduce fertilizers not into the ground, but treat the crop with the preparation.
In addition to diseases, ripsalis is sometimes attacked by pests. As a rule, these are red ticks and scale insects . A prophylactic against them will be the treatment of the culture with a soap solution.
Also, an effective way to get rid of pests will be the manual method. It involves the use of a cotton swab dipped in alcohol, which gently removes insects from the shoots of the plant.
As a radical measure, it will be necessary to resort to the use of insecticidal compounds, such as Karbofos or Aktara . With a large number of individuals, repeated treatment of plants with these drugs will be required.
Ticks on the flower may appear from a low level of humidity in the room. To quickly get rid of pests, you will need to increase the air humidity around the plant - a household air humidifier, as well as a shower and regular spraying, can help in this matter. Store-based control agents may be needed only when a large number of ticks appear - in this case, the grower is recommended to use Actellik, Kleschevit or other drugs of a similar action and composition.
All about ripsalis see in the next video.