Kalanchoe is a beautiful and easy-to-care indoor flower, which is why many gardeners loved it so much. Propagating the plant at home is also not difficult, if you follow all the basic recommendations. This article will discuss how Kalanchoe multiplies and what difficulties may arise in this process.
Many types of home flowers are recommended to be propagated in the spring. However, for Kalanchoe, this rule is optional.
The plant easily adapts after vegetative propagation at any time of the year.
As for seed breeding, the beginning of spring is the most suitable time for this method.
Before proceeding with the propagation of Kalanchoe, you must choose the appropriate method. In this case, you need to focus on the plant variety. Kalanchoe does not need any special preparation before transplantation, provided that the plant has been properly taken care of and not ill.
As noted earlier, you can multiply Kalanchoe in several ways. Choosing the right one is necessary depending on the characteristics of the variety. Consider all methods of reproduction in more detail.
For the cultivation of Kalanchoe seeds, flower species such as cirrus and felt are most suitable. Also, this type of propagation is used when it is necessary to breed a large number of plants.
Consider the process of seed propagation step by step.
- First of all, you need to prepare a tank for sowing and soil. The soil should be with the addition of sand. You can take a ready-made store substrate for flowering plants and introduce 25% of the sand mixture into it. For planting seeds, it is best to use a rectangular wide shape.
- At the bottom of the tank lay a drainage layer, onto which the prepared substrate is poured.
- It is recommended to lightly crush the soil and spray it with water using a spray gun.
- Seeds are placed not deep into the soil, but on its surface. It is best to lay out the seed in neat rows, the distance between which should be about 5 centimeters. An interval of 10 millimeters is recommended between seeds.
- After the seed is distributed over the entire surface of the soil, it must be slightly pressed into the soil. This can be done with your hands or with a spoon. At the same time, you need to ensure that the seeds do not completely sink into the ground.
- Next, cover the container with seeds with clear glass or film. Covered containers are cleaned in a well-lit and warm place. However, care must be taken to prevent direct sunlight from entering the surface of the glass or film.
After sowing, it is necessary to maintain optimal conditions for growing Kalanchoe. The temperature in the room should not fall below 20 degrees. Until the first shoots appear, the seed container will need to be regularly ventilated, which will allow you to get rid of excess accumulated moisture under the film or glass.
It is also required to periodically spray seeds with warm water from a spray bottle. The first shoots appear approximately seven days after planting the seed, after which the glass or film must be removed and the container left open. After a couple of weeks, when the sprouts appear at least 4 leaves, they are planted in different pots.
Capacities for processes should not be too wide and deep. Otherwise, only the root system will grow, and the plant itself will stop growing. Two months later, after the flower is well rooted, a pinch will be required. This procedure allows you to create a beautiful neat bush. Repeated pinching is repeated after another two months.
Kalanchoe can also be bred by rooting the leaf. For this method of reproduction, all types of flower with dense fleshy leaves are suitable. The convenience of this method is that even a flowering plant can be planted with a leaf.
For breeding, you can use only intact healthy leaves. They must be carefully cut from the bush and planted in a previously prepared container with a moistened substrate. Before planting, it is recommended to dry the cut well. As for the composition of the soil, it is best to use a mixture of deciduous humus, peat and sand.
You can also purchase universal soil in the store and mix it with river sand in a one to one proportion. The sheet can be planted vertically, there and placed on the ground horizontally and sprinkled with a cut. The sheet can be covered on top with a glass jar, but this is not a prerequisite. The main thing is to put the pot in a well-lit place.
For this method of breeding, you can also use fallen leaves from the branches. It is important that there is no damage to the plates and that they are not dry. The fallen leaf is best placed not in the ground, but in a container of water until the formation of the first root processes. You can also cut a whole leaf into several parts and root them.
Cuttings are considered a universal method of propagation of Kalanchoe, as it is suitable for almost all types of plants. Therefore, breeding by cuttings is used more often than other methods. Usually for propagation, cuttings that are left after pruning the plant or cut off during transplantation are used. However, you can cut the stem at any time if necessary.
It is desirable that the length of the cut branch was not less than 8 centimeters.
Lower leaves that are close to the cut are recommended to be removed. Next, the handle should be left at room temperature for a couple of hours. This is necessary so that the place of cut is well dried.
Plant a branch in a small pot of clay or plastic. As for the soil, the same composition is used here as for planting Kalanchoe leaves. It is not necessary to plant the stem immediately - it can be placed in water until the roots appear.
The pot with the handle needs to be placed in a well-lit place. The air temperature in the room should be in the range of 20-25 degrees Celsius. The root system grows and strengthens about one month. This method of propagation is convenient in that in a short time a full-fledged plant is formed, which will bloom six months after planting the stem.
Children are called brood leaf buds, which not all types of Kalanchoe have. In this way, plant varieties such as Degremon, cirrus and tubular can be propagated. Children are formed on the leaves of the flower and are small plants with small roots.
In adult flowers, leaf buds after formation separate on their own. They can root themselves alongside Kalanchoe. After the kids grow a little, they can be transplanted into separate containers. However, it is not necessary to wait until the buds themselves fall from the flower - they can be carefully separated independently.
Offspring propagates only one species of plant - Blossfeld Kalanchoe. Siblings usually grow after pruning a bush. "Provoke" their appearance and growth can be by pinching the tops of the shoots.
Siblings grow next to a Kalanchoe bush. It is recommended to separate them after they have reached the height of one third of the "parent" flower. Siblings are transplanted into separate pots, where they quickly take root and actively grow.
In some varieties of Kalanchoe, the leaves partially fall off after a flowering period. In place of the leaves, buds are formed that are visually similar to miniature cabbages.
You need to wait until the shoots are at least two centimeters long , after which they can be cut. They are seated in separate pots in a previously prepared substrate.
The soil should be high in sand.
Whatever method of propagation of Kalanchoe is used, the new plant will need especially careful care for some time after planting. This is primarily due to the phase of acclimatization of the flower. When caring for a plant, you must adhere to the following recommendations.
- Watering Kalanchoe should be treated with extreme caution. The plant does not tolerate excess moisture and can rot. Therefore, it is better to moisten the flower weaker than required than to pour water into the ground.
- To keep the flower in the house, you need to monitor the temperature regime. Air temperature should not fall below 20 degrees Celsius.
- Kalanchoe is a photophilous plant, so it must be placed in a well-lit place. However, exposure to direct sunlight should be avoided.
- The flower needs periodic ventilation of the room in which it is located. However, prolonged exposure of the plant to cold air and strong drafts should be avoided.
- Do not forget about the introduction of fertilizers. You can use special compositions for succulents. After planting Kalanchoe, it is recommended to wait until the flower gets stronger, and only after that start feeding.
- After flowering, it is recommended to prune the branches. This is necessary to form a crown and to prevent the overgrowth of stems.
Despite the fact that it is not so difficult to propagate Kalanchoe, in the process there may be some problems that are often associated with florist errors. They can be accomplished both in the process of propagation of the flower, and in further care.
Sometimes after transplanting leaves and cuttings, they do not develop, but begin to die. Most often, this is due to the decay of the slice, in the place of which the root system was to be formed. The reason for this is the poor drying of the slices before planting. The situation can be corrected if the rot site is relatively small - it is removed, and a new cut is dried and the stalk or leaf is planted again. Sometimes flower growers incorrectly select soil for succulents, which in the future will impede its active growth and development.
The mixture should not contain a large amount of peat and be too dense.
If the flower is slowly growing or completely stopped in development, it is recommended to transplant it into a suitable substrate.
Failure to comply with the recommended conditions for the maintenance of Kalanchoe can lead to illness and death of the plant. The flower must provide a good level of illumination, as well as observe the temperature regime. As for fertilizers, both their lack and excess affect the condition of the flower. It is also not advisable to fertilize Kalanchoe in the winter.
See how to propagate Kalanchoe leaf in the next video.