A plant like Kalanchoe "Kalandiva" will be the best option for lazy or novice gardeners. "Kalandiva" is distinguished by its extreme unpretentiousness and ease of care, which is why it is very popular. However, even such a plant must be looked after in good faith. It is about caring for Kalanchoe "Kalandiva" that will be discussed in the article.
This variety of Kalanchoe was bred by selection. From its parent - Kalanchoe Blossfeld - "Kalandiva" differs in small dimensions and stronger flowering. The average height of the bush ranges from 20 to 30 centimeters, and small bright buds are located around the perimeter.
This plant is referred to as succulents. There are a large number of upright bare shoots. There are also dark green oval leaves about 5 centimeters long. At the edges there are not very pronounced teeth.
The plant itself is very dense, well stores moisture and essential minerals.
Inflorescences are in the form of a shield. The flowers in them are quite small (about 1 centimeter), multi-colored. The main feature of this species is considered to be a very long and plentiful flowering (about 7 months).
Kalanchoe "Kalandiva" is divided into two main varieties: mini and mix.
This kind of Kalanchoe suggests a small and compact plant. Its height usually does not exceed 20 centimeters. Mini “Kalandiva” can be peach, scarlet or purple.
Kalanchoe mix was obtained using Kalanchoe mini. The most common is "Kalandiva" with pale pink or white inflorescences, however, yellow or red bouquets are often found. The main feature is a long flowering.
Of course, even such an unpretentious plant as Kalanchiva Kalanchoe requires decent care and attention in relation to itself. The basic rules for home care are as follows.
Watering should be carried out no more than once a week, while using settled water. In the summer, watering is recommended to be slightly increased - at least 2 times a week. Further watering should be carried out only when the soil in the pot falls to a depth of 2 centimeters.
It is important to ensure that there is no excessive moisture in the soil, as this leads to the process of decay.
In winter, watering should, on the contrary, be reduced. It should be carried out about once every 13 days, paying particular attention to the leaves.
Urgent watering is required when the leaves look sluggish and rough.
You can feed a flower only with specialized ready-made fertilizers for succulents. In no case should you use natural organics, since the nitrogen present in it negatively affects the quality of flowering.
Feeding should be applied no more than 2 times in one month during the growing season. In other periods, it is better to refrain from this process.
In the summer and spring, bright but scattered light is required. It is best to put a pot of Kalanchiva Kalanchoe on the west or east side. In winter, it is important to take care of additional lighting in the form of a lamp.
In autumn and winter, the light should be in the form of partial shade, you can not immerse the plant in complete darkness.
Another important advantage of Kalanchoe is its simplicity in temperature. It can be from 17 to 33 degrees. In winter, it is somewhat different - no more than 15 degrees. Maintaining a suitable temperature is extremely important in order to ensure proper kidney formation and good flowering.
In the spring and summer, it is not necessary to carefully monitor the humidity. Additional spraying should be carried out at too high temperatures (30 degrees or more).
Periodically, you can arrange an outdoor shower, which is a good prevention of various diseases and pests.
As for autumn and winter, air humidity can be normal, typical for residential premises. It is recommended to clean the plant away from batteries and radiators.
Kalanchoe "Kalandiva" grows extremely quickly, and therefore he needs regular pruning. If the plant is still young, then it should be trimmed as soon as it begins to grow rapidly. It is enough to remove a few top leaves from each branch.
Further pruning should be carried out as necessary, preferably during the growing season. Again, you need to cut 2-3 of the upper leaves, while forming a bush of the required shape.
During flowering, it is better not to touch the bush, and at the end, peduncles should be cut off at the base. This procedure has a beneficial effect on the development of new shoots.
Use sharp and sterile instruments, such as a clerical knife or blade. You can’t tear off the leaves manually. In addition, a large number of excess leaves at a time should not be removed; it is enough to remove only a quarter of the entire bush.
Many gardeners practice the formation of a bush on one trunk . Such a plant looks very beautiful and compact. It is necessary to remove the most powerful stem and lateral shoots on it, without touching the upper ones. As soon as such a shtamb reaches the desired appearance, the top should be attached, while allowing the lateral shoots to develop.
The lower part should be completely exposed.
Such an important procedure as transplantation must be carried out at least once a year, although it is quite enough to transplant adult plants every 3 years. The best time for this is early spring. In no case should you transplant during the flowering period.
For this procedure, you need a pot whose width is a couple of centimeters greater than the previous one. For an adult plant, the recommended diameter is 15 centimeters.
As mentioned earlier, special soil for succulents or cacti can be used as soil. The only things that should be closely monitored are neutral acidity and good air permeability.
It is also important to ensure the presence of drainage - at least 2 centimeters.
It is necessary to carry out the transplant very carefully and carefully, observing the following rules.
- The first thing Kalanchoe "Kalandiva" should be well watered, then wait 20 minutes and pull the plant out of its pot, while capturing an earthen ball on the roots.
- Further, it can be safely transplanted into a new pot for drainage, covered with new soil. It is important that the thickness of the earth in the pot is at least 4 centimeters. Then the plant needs to be compacted by adding a little more soil.
- The transplanted Kalanchoe should be watered and put away in a slightly shaded place for several days. After the lapse of time, the plant can be safely returned to its old place.
- Mulching of the top layer of the earth will not hurt. Pebbles will work just fine for this. Such a mulching will help retain moisture and protect the plant from mold.
After buying a plant, a transplant is required only if it does not bloom at all. The transplant method is the same.
Another extremely important nuance in caring for Kalanchoe "Kalandiva" - reproduction. It can be carried out by means of stem or leaf cuttings. Due to the fact that the plant branches well, there will definitely not be a lack of planting material. The main thing is to choose a healthy and strong stalk.
Reproduction is as follows.
- Using a sharp and sterile knife, it is necessary to cut off the upper part of the shoot (the optimal size is 5 centimeters) or a separate leaf. The injured area must be treated with cinnamon or activated carbon.
- Further, the resulting cuttings must be dried for at least 3 hours in the fresh air.
- Now you can prepare a container with moistened sand. Sections should be treated with Zircon or any other root stimulant.
- Plant cuttings need to be deepened 3 centimeters. Instead of soil, it is recommended to use water or a weak solution of Epina. After this, the stalk can be put in a glass, while removing the lower leaves. The fluid in the container must be changed at least once every two days.
- These cups should be placed in plastic bags, tightly tied. Such a "greenhouse" needs daily airing for about 7 minutes. The temperature should be 25–28 degrees above zero. Mandatory is the presence of diffused bright light. If the substrate suddenly began to dry out, you can safely use a spray bottle.
After a week, the roots should appear, after which you should wait two weeks, and then transplant the plants into small pots with soil.
In exactly the same way, it is possible to carry out propagation by leaves, however, in this case, the roots grow somewhat more slowly.
In addition to these two methods, there is also seed propagation, but this option is not common among gardeners.
There are many difficulties that can be encountered when growing Kalanchiva Kalanchoe. These include not only the mistakes of gardeners during cultivation, but also all kinds of diseases and harmful insects. You can notice these problems by the appearance of the plant - it becomes lethargic and ceases to bloom.
The most basic problems are as follows.
The presence of such a disease is indicated by black at the base of leaves and shoots. In addition, all parts of the plant are easily broken off and injured.
The cause of this disease is excessive watering, as well as the extremely low temperature in the room.
To eliminate rot, remove all damaged parts to a healthy tissue. All damaged areas must be treated with cinnamon or activated carbon.
Then the plant should be transplanted into a new pot with new soil.
Brown spots on the leaves
Such a problem arises in gardeners only with a lack of watering and a small amount of nutrients. In this case, it is recommended only to make fertilizers, and water the plant a little more often.
The lack of sunlight and moisture is indicated by the yellowness that appears on the leaves. In this case, you should rearrange the plant to another place, and make the watering more plentiful.
Such a disease is considered widespread among plants and its presence is indicated by a white coating on the leaves. The reason for this is drafts and too high a temperature in the house.
In order to cure the plant, it will be necessary to reduce watering and eliminate all possible drafts.
If necessary, fungicides (e.g. Bordeaux fluid) can be used.
This insect is usually brought from the street. Often it can jump from one plant to another. You can find aphids on the upper parts of shoots or on buds. Getting rid of it is not easy, however, it is possible.
It is urgent to protect the infected plant from healthy ones and treat it with soapy water, and then insecticides.
Despite the fact that Kalanchoe “Kalandiva” is an unpretentious plant, it still requires careful care, without which abundant flowering and the health of cuttings are impossible. The main thing is to comply with all established rules of care and timely notice possible problems.
About how to care for Kalanchoe "Kalandiva" at home, see the next video.