Clematis is an amazing vine, striking with its huge flowers, sometimes the size of a saucer. In common people it is called clematis, because if you grind a leaf of this plant, you can feel a sharp pungent odor that irritates the mucous membranes. There are about three hundred species of this plant and several thousand of its varieties.
In parks and in our garden areas, we have the opportunity to admire the chic clematis flowers from late spring to early fall. But whether we see our pet after wintering depends on the knowledge of the classification of clematis and, accordingly, on the proper care of clematis of one or another group.
According to the type of pruning, clematis is divided into three groups depending on which shoots are flowering. Let us dwell on the third group of clematis.
For the central part of Russia, breeding of clematis of the third trimming group is most suitable. Of all three groups, these are the most unpretentious plants. They are undemanding to the composition of the soil, location. They withstand periods of drought, are not afraid of severe frosts with minimal shelter. Flowers from clematis of the third group appear from mid-summer to early September only on the shoots of the current year. Last year's shoots are left without buds. So, it makes no sense to leave long lashes for the winter, they will not bloom.
The goal of the gardener: to stimulate the formation of as many young shoots in spring as possible. To do this, before shelter for the winter, after the first frost, cut the clematis very briefly, leaving shoots no longer than 40 centimeters. Then you should spud the base of the bush with earth, cover it with humus, straw or overripe leaves from above. It is advisable to cover the lashes remaining on the surface with cardboard boxes or spanbond for the winter .
Clematis covered in this way, and covered with snow, will survive the winter months perfectly and in the spring will be healthy, quite viable and ready to give a lot of new young shoots.
Overview of species and the best varieties
There are a large number of types of clematis of the third pruning group. Let's consider some of them.
This is perhaps the most spectacular view of the third group of clematis. It includes tall varieties up to six meters long. Flavourless flowers, of the most various coloring, very large, with a diameter up to 20 cm. It is worth describing the best grades.
- The Blue Flame is truly the king among clematis. This is one of the most unpretentious and winter-hardy varieties that grow well from the Urals to the Moscow Region. It blooms from July to September with gorgeous huge bright blue-violet flowers.
- "Nikolai Rubtsov" - a clematis chameleon. It blooms with bright lilac flowers, then a lighter strip appears in the center of each petal. It fades over time. Depending on weather conditions, the flowers are saturated lilac or pale pink. To enjoy the richer color of this clematis, it should be planted in a shaded area from the bright sun.
- Rakhvarine is a very beautiful late-flowering variety bred in Estonia. Its very wide petals, slightly overlapping, wavy at the edges, gracefully bend down at the very ends. The flowers of this clematis are velvet, purple with a darker stripe in the center. It blooms from late July to October. Unlike most plants of the Jacqueman group, it does not grow long. Its shoots reach only two meters in length.
- "Bella" is an unusual variety for Jacquman's clematis, characterized by snow-white flowers that densely cover a low (up to two meters) vine. This clematis can be planted against a background of shrubs with dark leaves, which will create a contrast between the greenery and whiteness of the flowers. "Bella" is unpretentious, tolerates forty degrees below zero frost.
- "Victoria" - this variety was bred in the UK in 1867. The flowers are large, with a diameter of up to 19 cm, saturated lilac color with a darker middle. The petals overlap each other and bend slightly at the edges. It blooms for about a month, repeated flowering is not observed.
He is not afraid of low temperatures in winter, and if he freezes, he will recover very quickly. This variety is suitable for cultivation in northern areas.
This group combines abundantly flowering and fast-growing varieties. The flowers are red and purple, large. This group includes many varieties.
- "Ville de Lyon" - as the name implies, this variety is bred in France. It blooms very abundantly medium-sized (up to 13 cm) carmine-red flowers. Shoots up to 3 meters long. The variety is subject to burnout.
- "Purple Captive Elegance" - this variety is also bred in France. This clematis does not bloom for long: only a month, but this is offset by the extraordinary beauty of the bush. It is so densely showered with medium-sized (5-6 cm) terry pink flowers that shoots with leaves are not visible at all behind them.
- Etoile Violet is a wildly growing liana. It blooms with dark purple flowers. To emphasize the beauty of this clematis, it is recommended to plant it against a background of light walls, fences.
- Dark Ayes is the work of German breeders. She attracts attention with her dark purple-violet petals. The flowers are small, will look favorably against a white wall.
- “Nikitsky Pink” - obtained as a result of crossing “Ville de Lyon” and “Clematis woolly”. This variety is distinguished by flowers of regular round shape with smooth petals of soft pink color. It blooms in June. After flowering, you can cut the shoots by a third. In this case, the clematis will bloom again, but not so abundantly.
These are grassy shrubs up to one and a half meters high. They do not have the ability to cling to a support, so they require garter or cultivation as ground cover. Flowers drooping, have a bell-shaped shape. All clematis of this species are quite unpretentious, withstand severe frosts even without shelter. This group includes a wide variety of varieties.
- "Alyonushka" is a very unusual variety of clematis with pink bell flowers with beautifully curved wavy petals. It blooms very plentifully, is not afraid of severe frosts, is unpretentious.
- "Blue River" - a variety bred in Holland. The length of the shoots does not exceed two meters. The flowers are not large, with the dissolution of blue and then blue.
- Inspiration is also a Dutch variety. It blooms in medium-sized red flowers with wavy petals. If you provide him with a sunny place, he will thank him with plentiful flowering. In partial shade may not bloom at all. Gratefully responds to top dressing.
- “Indigo Sapphire” is also a variety blooming with bell-shaped flowers, but, unlike the previous variety, they are more open and curved in different directions. It grows slowly, reaching one and a half meters. This variety blooms for a very long time (June - end of September) with rich purple flowers.
- "Hanayama" - an alien from Japan. An unusually decorative miniature bush, barely reaching seventy centimeters. It blooms in small (3-4 cm) pink with a light border flowers-bells. It can be used as a curb plant, but be sure to tie it up, as the bushes, falling apart, lose their decorative effect.
- "Memory of the heart" - this variety is bred in Ukraine. It is distinguished by drooping bell-shaped flowers with pale purple satin petals. This variety blooms from July to October.
This group includes a wide variety of varieties - both creeping and tall with a varied color of fragrant flowers. All clematis of this group are unpretentious, do not require shelter for the winter, and are easily propagated by seeds. This group also includes different varieties.
- "Clematis straight" - so named because of the vertical arrangement of the buds. This is a shrubby clematis, reaching only 1 meter in height. The smell of its white flowers is sharp, sometimes even unpleasant.
- "Clematis Violet" - a magnificent openwork slowly growing clematis, reaching five meters in length, branches well. All summer it is densely strewn with small light purple flowers, completely undemanding to the conditions of detention.
You can not hide it for the winter. Even if part of the shoots freezes during the harsh winter, it will quickly recover.
- “Clematis Tangutsky” is an unusual variety of clematis, characterized by beautiful bright yellow flowers-lanterns. It blooms not very abundantly, but on a long lasting: from mid-summer to late fall. He loves sunny places. The length of the lashes reaches 6 meters.
- "Clematis Manchu" - quite demanding on lighting. Shoots grow no more than 4 meters long. It has flowers of light shades, fragrant. This is a very unpretentious plant, easily tolerates drought, but does not like wind.
These clematis have drooping flowers of amazing shape, similar to tulips. Among the most common varieties, it is worth highlighting a few.
- The Deuce of Albany is bright pink flowers with a raspberry stripe in the middle of each petal. He prefers sunny or semi-shaded places, takes root for a long time. It requires very good shelter for the winter.
- “Princess Diana” - does not bloom for a long time (August – September) with rich pink flowers that attract the eye in the autumn garden. He loves bright places, cannot stand harsh winters.
- “Gravity Beauty” - from the end of summer to the beginning of autumn, it pleases with its bright red medium-sized flowers in the shape of lilac-colored tulips. This clematis is well planted in a bush of lilac or juniper, in which case the effect of a flowering tree is obtained.
Clematis of the third group of pruning is easily propagated by cuttings. But in order for the bush to develop well, it is necessary to choose the right place for planting. Most clematis love to grow in sunny places , but content is allowed in partial shade. They will feel good in full shade, but in this case they will not please with their flowering. When planting clematis in a sunny area, it is advisable to make sure that their "legs" are hidden in the shade. To do this, at the base of the bush, you can plant low annual plants.
Planting clematis should be avoided in open, highly wind-blown areas. The wind causes irreparable harm to the plant. And also it is not necessary to plant clematis in those places where water stagnates: in lowlands, near drains. Clematis lives for a long time: 25-30 years, so you need to approach the choice of a site for planting with care. Clematis can be planted throughout the season, but it is best done in the spring so that the plant has time to take root and subsequently winter well.
For each clematis, it is necessary to dig a landing hole with a depth and width of 50 centimeters. At the bottom of this pit, place a layer of broken brick, pebbles or expanded clay, thereby providing drainage to the plant. As mentioned above, clematis do not like the constant moisture of the soil, so the earth mixture must be prepared especially carefully.
It should be light, breathable and nutritious. To do this, mix peat, manure, sand and garden soil in equal proportions, add one hundred grams of fertilizer for clematis and a liter of ash.
Plant, gently spreading the roots. Sprinkle the root neck with sand to prevent decay. Clematis must be planted with a small depth (up to 15 centimeters) for the subsequent formation of a lush bush, as well as to prevent winter freezing and summer overheating. When planting several seedlings, the distance between them should be no more than one meter.
Caring for a planted plant is fairly easy.
- It is necessary to provide regular watering. It is necessary to water once a week abundantly, soaking the soil by 30-50 cm. After a day or two, if the planting is not mulled, the soil must be loosened.
- Clematis can be given fertilizer in the second year after planting. To build green mass, nitrogen, during the budding period and after flowering - phosphorus-potash. Clematis responds well to dressing with infusion of mullein or chicken droppings.
- It is necessary to remember the autumn pruning of clematis, since we are talking about the third group of these plants. Those varieties that do not winter well should definitely be covered in late autumn.
The variety of forms and types of clematis allows its wide use in landscape design, both as a lonely growing plant and as a backdrop for other plants.
Tall, beautifully flowering clematis varieties are used to decorate arches, arbors, walls, hedges. Clematis, wrapping around a coniferous plant and blooming on it, looks original. Ground cover species adorn alpine hills, stone gardens, decorate fences.
Clematis of the third group of pruning is perfectly combined with other ornamental plants: daylilies, peonies, marigolds, morning glory, sweet peas and others.
In areas with a classic arrangement of plants, clematis is best combined with roses, both in similar shades and in contrast. With climbing roses, it is better to plant clematis of the Jacqueman and Vititsella groups. And with bush plants to plant undersized varieties of the species integrifolia.
For how to properly care for clematis 3 trim groups, see the next video.