Lilies are considered the most beautiful garden flowers, so they are often used in the landscape design of many summer cottages. Especially popular among gardeners are Asian lilies, which are easily grown in any climatic zones and originally decorate flower beds with their bright inflorescences. In order to independently grow such a flower, it is important to consider the varietal characteristics of the plant and provide it with proper care.
Asiatic lily is a hybrid obtained by crossing different types of ornamental plants that are resistant to low humidity, a sharp change in temperature and severe frost. Therefore, it is great for landing in Russia. Asiatic lilies are distinguished by a diverse color of flowers, which sometimes consists of several tones, but milky and bright fiery shades predominate in the color. Thanks to this feature, the buds look larger and more attractive.
Up to 30 beautiful flowers are usually placed on one stalk of the plant, the structure of which can be both terry and simple. They fill the garden with a rich sweet aroma. The flowering period in plants begins in the first half of July and lasts until the end of August. All lilies of this species are characterized by resistance to cold and unpretentious care.
They endure frosts to -40 ° C.
Asian varieties can have different heights, the minimum indicators of which are 50 cm, the maximum - 1.5 m. The leaves of the plant are regular, medium sized, painted in saturated green. The root system consists of contractile and basal roots, which grow from the bottom of the bulb. Additionally, lilies also have supra-ocular roots helping them to hold the stem.
Hybrids and varieties
Depending on the color palette and the shape of the inflorescences, Asiatic lilies are divided into several groups, each of which has its own characteristics and growing requirements. We list the most common.
- Brashmark. This hybrid differs in the original color of inflorescences, in addition, strokes in the form of strokes can be seen on each petal. Such lilies can be painted in red, brown, beige, cream and lemon shades.
- "Malvina." The shape of the flowers in these varieties is half-open, chalmovidny. The main feature is that the flowers in the inflorescences are sent in different directions. Their color is bright yellow, while on each petal there are red spots. The bushes are medium-sized and reach a height of 70 to 80 cm. Unlike other varieties, Malvina has a weak aroma.
- Annemaris Dream. It is a herbaceous perennial plant with straight stems and dense foliage of green or dark purple color. The height of the bushes can be different depending on the conditions of planting and growth, it usually ranges from 30 to 250 cm. Lily flowers are solitary, they are collected in umbrella-shaped or pyramidal inflorescences. Coloring can be yellow, white, pink, lilac, orange flowers are also found.
- "Tango". This hybrid is characterized by rich yellow flowers, which in diameter do not exceed 17 cm. The center of the petals is painted in dark brown, turning smoothly into brown specks. Outwardly, flowers resemble large stars; they open wide and open upward. The stems of the plant are green, straight, covered with dense foliage. The height of the bushes is usually up to 110 cm.
- Lollipop. These are beautiful plants in which the flowers have a two-tone color. The middle is represented by a snow-white shade with brown small blotches, and the tips are raspberry pink. Petals of flowers are small, their width is 4 cm, and their length is 9 cm.
Such lilies are able to grow to a height of 90 cm, begin to bloom 70 days after germination.
- "Detroit". The leaves of this variety are petiolate or sessile, their length does not exceed 20 cm. They are usually located in the next order, much less often - whorled. Inflorescences are collected from 2-4 flowers. As for coloring, such Asian lilies can be either white, yellow, pink, or orange, red. The plant prefers to grow in shaded areas.
- Brunello. This is a short lily of snow-white, orange, yellow or lilac color. In individual plants, stalks can develop air bulbs (bulbs), which can be used for reproduction. Single flowers. This variety is suitable for group plantings, as well as for the design of flower beds, mixborders.
- Forever Susan. This variety is characterized by unpretentiousness in care and resistance to frost. Since the height of the bushes reaches no more than 70 cm, they can be grown in pots. This indoor lily will complement any interior with its bright colors. The flowers are painted in two colors: the middle is orange, and the tips are plum black.
- Golden Stone. The main feature of this variety is the presence of a huge number of dark specks in the center of the flower. During flowering, the lily is unusually beautifully used in the landscape design of the garden plot, creating an original mixborder with its color palette. Her flowers have a faint pleasant aroma. It grows in length up to 120 cm, there are also plant specimens 150 cm high.
In addition to the above hybrids and varieties, Spring Pink, Apeldoorn, Easy Samba, Mystery Dream, Mapira, and Prominence are very popular among gardeners and lilies . All these plants are easy to grow and are able to please their flowering from early June to late August.
How to plant?
Asiatic lilies are planted in open ground only in the spring or fall months. Planting plants is necessary in previously prepared soil. To do this, first choose a suitable seat, which should be spacious and bright. Are well suited for planting lilies in areas where the soil has a neutral level of acidity. After that, bulbs of good quality are selected - they must be dense, healthy and not have spots on the surface.
To protect the bulbs from pests, it is recommended to soak them for several hours before planting in a solution of Karbofos.
The landing process itself is quite simple.
- First of all, it is necessary to carefully level the land on the site, then dig a trench up to 40 cm deep. A little sand is poured on the bottom of the resulting hole, and an eminence is formed in which the bulbs are laid out on the side.
- Further, sand is poured again over the planted bulbs, and everything is covered with a layer of fertile soil, to which compost and humus are added in advance.
- Landing ends with abundant moisture and mulching the soil. After this, it is important to control the process of bulb sprouting by timely watering the area on which they are planted.
How to care?
Unlike other types of garden flowers, Asian lilies are undemanding in care. The only thing, growing them at home, it should be remembered that the plant can be in one place for no more than 3-4 years. If this is not done, then the buds will become more and more every year, but they will not be able to open.
Plant care also includes fertilizer application. The first feeding is carried out when the lily reaches a height of 10 cm. Potassium nitrate is well suited as a fertilizer, with which the flower is fed once every 2 weeks.
The feeding of lilies is stopped during their flowering, otherwise the plant will throw off all the buds. Fertilization ends at the end of August, when the Asiatic Lily has blossomed and is preparing for wintering. All withering inflorescences must be removed immediately, otherwise seed bolls will form from them, which will affect the growth of the plant.
We must not forget about the mulching, which is usually performed immediately after planting the bulbs, forming a small layer 5 cm thick from pine bark, sawdust or wood foliage.
Asiatic lilies differ from other species in that they do not require bush formation and pruning. Therefore, it is enough for gardeners at the end of October to simply remove the wilted part of the plant located above the surface of the soil. At the same time, it is necessary to make sure that the bulbs do not form “children”, otherwise they will lose the nutrients accumulated during the winter and die.
In Asian lilies, as they grow, daughter bulbs are formed underground, with a significant number of them, the plant becomes closely in one place. It’s easy to notice: the lily will begin to form weak shoots, the flowers will become small.
In the event that the plant is not transplanted, it may lose its decorative qualities.
As a rule, Asiatic lilies tolerate winter well without the construction of special shelters . A thick layer of snow is enough for plants. If the winter is not snowy, then the flower bed must be additionally insulated with peat, sawdust and lapnik. In the spring, with the onset of heat, all this is removed, and the young shoots of lilies will hatch quickly.
Asiatic lilies reproduce with the help of daughter bulbs. This procedure is usually carried out during plant transplantation. They are carefully separated from the mother plant and placed in a special container. The distance between the bulbs during their planting in the ground should not be less than 7 cm. The daughter bulbs should not be stored for a long time, so it is advisable to transplant them immediately into the open ground, giving preference to areas with moderate acidity.
Some gardeners propagate Asian lilies and seeds, but the probability of sprouting in this case is not more than 70%. In addition, with this method of propagation, plants cannot maintain their decorative color. Therefore, this technique is used most often by breeders.
Diseases and Pests
Asian varieties of lilies are characterized not only by simple care, resistance to frost, but also by high resistance to diseases and pests. Despite this, plants sometimes undergo fungal infections. The most common diseases of these lilies include a number of ailments.
- Fusarium It is manifested by the process of decay on the lower part of the bulb. If you notice this inopportune, then it will be almost impossible to save the flower. In order to prevent damage to other bushes, a diseased plant is dug from the site and destroyed, and healthy ones are treated with special solutions as a preventive measure.
- Botritis. This is an infectious disease that affects the foliage of lilies, after which it becomes covered with brown spots and dries. Later, the infection passes from the leaves to the buds of the plant. For the treatment of lilies, it is necessary to remove the affected areas, and treat the bush with a solution of Fundazole.
- Rust. This is the most dangerous disease, in which spots appear on the leaves, subsequently turning into rust. If you do not remove the affected leaves in a timely manner, then the infection can spread throughout the flower bed.
As for pests, Asiatic lily is most often susceptible to such insects as onion flies, lily flares and aphids. To combat these “unwanted guests”, it is recommended to carry out preventive spraying with the help of such drugs as “Aktara” and “Inta-Vir”.
Much less often, lilies are attacked by bears, grubbers and wireworms, they are destroyed by the Medvetoks drug.
Asiatic lily is rightfully considered the queen of garden flowers, as it has extraordinary beauty, exquisite shapes and colors. It is often used in landscape design in summer cottages. However, many gardeners do not take into account the fact that this beauty is capricious, and not all “neighbors” are suitable for her. Therefore, when forming flower beds, it is not necessary to supplement these bright flowers with plain-looking monophonic plantings. A great option is to mix several colorful tones. To do this, 4-6 lily bushes are planted in the mixborder, supplementing them with herbaceous perennials.
If you combine Asian lilies with other decorative flowers, it is important to choose their flowering period, growth, growing characteristics and a palette of shades. For example, lilies and peonies blend perfectly. Fragrant, bright and massive flowers of peonies will help to emphasize the grace of lilies, and after flowering, a peony will be able to shade tender beauties with its foliage. Similar combinations of flowers can be planted both on flower beds near houses, arbors, and in gardens.
They look good in areas of lilies with irises, but at the same time it is difficult to grow these two flowers in one area, since the former like watering, and the latter prefer moderate humidity. If you provide the plants with proper care, you can get a contrasting flower bed. Bright and fragrant lily flowers elegantly complement the large leaves of iris. Yellow lilies can also be planted in flower beds with magic - an unusual mix will give the landscape design a stylish look.
See the next video for more on Asiatic Lily.